Carbon Disulfide Formula

Carbon Disulfide Formula

Carbon Disulfide Formula (CS2) is a colourless liquid with an ethereal odour. Exposure can cause dizziness, sleep disturbance, headache, anxiety, loss of appetite, weight loss and blurred vision. It may damage the eyes, kidneys, blood, heart, liver, nerves and skin. Workers can be harmed by Carbon Disulfide. The level of exposure depends on dosage, duration, and work performed. Carbon Disulfide is used in many industries including in the production of rubber, viscose, cellophane and carbon tetrachloride. Examples of workers at risk of exposure to Carbon Disulfide include:

  • Factory workers who manufacture and process rubber
  • Workers involved in cellophane production
  • Workers at a factory that produces viscose fabric

It is highly recommended that employers use a hierarchy of controls to avoid violations. If working in an industry that uses Carbon Disulfide, one must read the chemical label accompanying the substance for hazard information. Students can visit the following sources to access information on occupational exposure to Carbon Disulfide. Students can refer to Carbon Disulfide Formula on Extramarks.

Carbon Disulfide is a highly toxic, flammable and dangerous compound. Naturally, it is eleased in volcanic eruptions and swamps. Carbon Disulfide is formed when coke reacts with sulfur at high temperatures. In this article, the formula for Carbon Disulfide will be explained with an example. Students can check Carbon Disulfide Formula on Extramarks.

Properties Of Carbon Disulfide

Carbon Disulfide is linear in moulding compounds and is used as a non-polar solvent for industrial and chemical applications and is also useful as a building block in Organic Chemistry. It also shows aesthetic qualities. Carbon Disulfide has a strong unpleasant odour. Its boiling point is 46 degrees Celsius. It ignites easily and the heat of a normal light bulb is enough, is insoluble in water and is denser than water. Its vapour is heavier than air. It is also useful for making rayon and cellophane. Students can refer to Carbon Disulfide Formula on the Extramarks website.

Carbon Disulfide Structural Formula

The formula of Carbon Disulfide:

Its formula is: CS2

It can be represented like this


Learners are advised to learn Carbon Disulfide Formula.

What is Carbon Disulfide?

Carbon Disulfide Formula and other related information are available on Extramarks.


It has a boiling point of 46.24 °C and a melting point of -111.61 °C. Impure Carbon Disulfide, normally used in most industrial processes, is a yellowish liquid with an unpleasant odour. Carbon Disulfide evaporates at room temperature and the vapour is more than twice as heavy as air. It explodes in the air and is easily ignited. Commercial Carbon Disulfide is manufactured by combining carbon and sulfur at very high temperatures and is a solvent for sulfur, bromine, fats, rubber, phosphorus, asphalt, selenium, iodine, and resins. It is widely used for the purification of single-walled carbon nanotubes and the production of flotation agents.

Carbon Disulfide is a flammable, colourless to pale yellow, toxic, volatile liquid with a strong, unpleasant odour and has a flash point of -22°F and is insoluble in water. It also sinks in water because it is denser than water. For more information, students may check Carbon Disulfide Formula on the Extramarks learning portal.


It is used in the production of carbon tetrachloride. It is used in the manufacture of floor disinfectants. It is used in the manufacture of viscose. It is used as a solvent for iodine, phosphorus, etc. It is used for the manufacture of electronic vacuum tubes and as a solvent in the rubber industry. Other related information and Carbon Disulfide Formula are available on Extramarks website.

Carbon Disulfide common reactions:

It reacts with oxygen to produce Carbon Dioxide and Sulfur Dioxide. CS2+3O2→CO2+2SO2(g)

Sodium Sulfide undergoes a reaction Na2S+CS2→Na2CS3  to produce trithiocarbonate.

Carbon Disulfide is reduced with sodium to produce sodium 1,3-dithiol-2-thione-4,5-dithiolate and sodium trithiocarbonate. Na+4CS2→Na2C3S5+Na2CS3

Carbon tetrachloride is produced- by chlorination of CS2


Learners must visit Extramarks website for Carbon Disulfide Formula

Health Hazards due to CS2CS_2:

The central nervous system, eyes, liver, skin, cardiovascular system and kidneys are affected. It is also absorbed through the skin in the form of vapour. The estimated lethal oral dose for humans is 0.5 to 5 grams per kilogram of body weight. Visual disturbances and sensory changes can also occur. Visit Extramarks for Carbon Disulfide Formula.

Solved Examples on Carbon Disulfide Formula

Q.1: Calculate the molar mass of Carbon Disulfide.

Solution: Its formula is: CS2

Its molar mass is:

= 12.0107 + 2 * 32.065

= 76.1407 grams per mole.

For Carbon Disulfide Formula and other formulas, students can visit the website of Extramarks.

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