The elements Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen make up the Resorcinol Formula. Carbon is a non-metal that is found in Periodic Table Group 14. It has the atomic number 6 and is denoted by the symbol C. The gas hydrogen is colourless, odourless, tasteless, and combustible. It has the atomic number 1 and is denoted by the symbol H. Oxygen is a highly reactive non-metal that works well as an oxidising agent. It is found in the periodic table’s chalcogen group. It has an atomic number of 8 and is denoted by the symbol O.
The Resorcinol Formula is an organic chemical that is white, crystalline, and solid, with a slight odour and a sweetish to bitter taste. C6H6O2 is its chemical formula. It dissolves in water, alcohol, and ether, but not in chloroform or carbon disulphide. One of the three isomeric benzenediols is C6H6O2. It is a 1,3-isomer of benzenediol, which is benzene hydroxylation at positions 1 and 3. The Resorcinol Formula is also known as Resorcin, 3-Hydroxyphenol, m-Benzenediol, and m-Dihydroxybenzene. Resorcin does not exist naturally in the wild, although it may be found in argan oil. When exposed to air and light, it becomes pink.
Resorcinol, also known as m-dihydroxybenzene, is a phenolic substance that is used in the production of resins, plastics, dyes, pharmaceuticals, and a variety of other organic chemical compounds. It is mass-produced by sulfonating benzene with fuming sulphuric acid and combining the resultant benzene sulphonic acid with caustic soda. The reaction with formaldehyde yields resins that may be impregnated with rubber and used as adhesives. The Resorcinol Formula is used as a chemical intermediary in the production of dyes, explosives, and medicines, as well as photographic developers and cosmetics. It is used as an antifungal in ointments and lotions in medicine.
Preparation of Resorcinol
The Resorcinol Formula crystallises as colourless needles from benzene. A traditional sulfonate fusion procedure is used to produce resorcinol. To begin, benzene is treated with sulfuric acid at 100 °C, yielding mono-sulfonic acid. At 85 °C, it is transformed into m-disulfonic acid with 65% oleum. At 300 °C, m-Benzenedisulfonate melts in Sodium Hydroxide (NaOH) to form the Resorcinol Formula and Sodium Sulphite.
The Resorcinol Formula is a white, water-soluble chemical substance that is primarily utilised in resin manufacturing. It is found in a flaky solid form. Other names for it include resorcin, 1,3-dihydroxybenzene, 3-hydroxyphenyl, and m-benzenediol. It is one of three benzenediol
The Resorcinol Formula – C6H4(OH)2.
Physical Properties of Resorcinol
Resorcinol appears as a white solid.
It has a slight Benzene odour.
It has a molecular weight of 110.1 g/mol.
It has a melting point of 110°C.
It has a boiling point of 277°C.
It has a density of 1.28
Chemical Properties of Resorcinol
Partial hydrogenation of the Resorcinol Formula (C6H6O2) yields dihydro resorcinol (C6H8O2), also known as 1,3-cyclohexanedione.
The Resorcinol Formula (C6H6O2) is reduced to dihydro resorcinol by sodium amalgam (NaHg) (C6H8O2). The resulting product is heated to 150 to 160 °C in the presence of a concentrated barium hydroxide solution to yield -methyl butyric acid (C6H10O3).
Fehling’s solution and ammoniacal silver solutions are reduced by resorcinol.
Two hydroxyl groups are present on the benzene ring in the structure of the Resorcinol Formula. One carbon atom separates the two hydroxyl groups.
- Resorcinol is a sensitiser as well as an erythropoietin inhibitor.
- It is used in the manufacture of resins.
- Resorcinol is often used in the production of polymers and medicines.
- It is employed in the synthesis of organic molecules as an intermediate.
- Resorcinol is a medication used to treat acne.
- It is a disinfectant as well as an analytical reagent.
- It is used in the manufacture of resins
- It is used in the treatment of acne on the skin.
- As a chemical intermediary, it is used in the production of organic chemicals and medicines.
- Plasticisers, UV absorbers, and dyes are all.
- Why is it important to comprehend fundamental chemistry terms?
It is essential to comprehend fundamental chemistry phrases since they will help students completely understand the existence of various elements around them as well as the danger levels of hazardous chemicals in their house.
2. What occurs when sodium nitrite and resorcinol interact?
The Resorcinol Formula combines with sodium nitrite to generate lacmoid, a water-soluble blue dye that is reddened by acids. It functions as a pH indicator.
3. What are the applications of Resorcinol?
The Resorcinol Formula is used to treat a variety of skin disorders. It has the potential to dissolve tough, rigid, scaly skin. It’s also used to make polymers, resins, and medications.