Carbonate Ion Formula

Carbonate Ion Formula

Carbonate ions are responsible for the fizz in club soda and the foaming in washing soda. Alkali and alkaline earth metals are the most common carbonates. One can learn more about the Carbonate Ion Formula, its properties, chemical structure, and uses with the help of this article. As a verb, carbonation can also be described using the Carbonate Ion Formula. Carbonated water and other carbonated beverages are made by raising the concentration of carbonate and bicarbonate ions in water. Under pressure, carbon dioxide gas is added to the water or carbonate or bicarbonate salts are dissolved in it. Carbon dioxide is released from the long-term carbon cycle into the short-term carbon cycle when metal carbonates decompose on heating. Calcination is the process of converting limestone into quicklime or calcium oxide, CaO, which is obtained by roasting limestone in a lime kiln. At normal temperatures and pressure, most carbonate salts are insoluble in water. In addition to uranium carbonates, lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, caesium, and ammonium carbonates are exceptions. A dynamic equilibrium exists between carbonate, bicarbonate, carbon dioxide, and carbonic acid in an aqueous solution. Bicarbonate predominates in weakly basic conditions, while carbonate predominates in strongly basic conditions.

Carbonate Properties

Carbonate rocks (made up of mainly carbonate minerals) and carbonate minerals (which are made up of mainly carbonate minerals) are both dominated by the Carbonate Ion Formula in geology and mineralogy. In chemically precipitated sedimentary rocks, carbonate minerals are extremely diverse and ubiquitous. It comprises calcite or calcium carbonate, the main component of limestone (as well as the shells and skeletons of molluscs and corals); dolomite, a calcium-magnesium carbonate; and siderite, an important iron ore. The use of sodium carbonate (“soda”) and potassium carbonate (“potash”) has been around since antiquity for cleaning, preservation, and glassmaking. The use of carbonates in the industry includes iron smelting, the manufacture of Portland cement and lime, and ceramic glazes.

Below are a few general properties of carbonate ions.

Physical State

  • Carbonates are solid at room temperature
  • There is a greater covalent bond between group-2 carbonates and group-1 carbonates
  • Bicarbonate is the conjugated base of the carbonate ion, which has a molar mass of 60.008 grams per mole.


  • Except for lithium carbonate, group-1 carbonates are soluble in water
  • Water is sparingly soluble in group-2 carbonates
  • The carbonates of group-2 are fairly soluble in carbon dioxide solutions.

Thermal Stability

  • In the presence of heat, carbonates decompose into oxides and carbon dioxide
  • Group-1 and group-2 carbonates are more thermally stable than those in group-3.

Carbonate Structure

Carbon atoms are surrounded by three oxygen atoms in a trigonal planar arrangement. According to the Lewis structure of the Carbonate Ion Formula, the negative oxygen atom has two single bonds and the neutral oxygen atom has two double bonds.

Carbonate Uses

  • A number of carbonates are used in washing detergents, including potassium and sodium carbonates.
  • Water is softened with Carbonate Ion Formula
  • Paper is made from these raw materials
  • Glass is manufactured using Carbonate Ion Formula
Chemistry Related Formulas
Photosynthesis Formula Magnesium Bromide Formula
Sodium Acetate Formula Percent By Volume Formula
Amino Acid Formula
Ammonium Hydroxide Formula Potassium Iodate Formula
Butane Formula Resorcinol Formula
Entropy Formula Silicic Acid Formula
Phosphate Formula Silver Acetate Formula
Potassium Iodide Formula Sodium Formate Formula
Potassium Nitrate Formula Sulfur Trioxide Formula
Sodium Nitrate Formula Stoichiometry Formula