Carbonous Acid Formula

Carbonous Acid Formula

A colourless liquid with a pungent odour, carbonous acid is commonly called formic acid. Ants and stingless bees naturally produce carbonous acid. Due to its low toxicity, Carbonous Acid Formula is used as a food additive. Discover the chemical structure, properties, and uses of Carbonous Acid Formula in this article.

Carbonous Acid Properties

Colourless and fuming, carbonous acid melts at 8.4 degrees Celsius. Its boiling point is 100.8 degrees Celsius, and its density is 1.220 grams per millilitre. A mole of Carbonous Acid Formula weighs 46.025 grams per mole, and it is miscible with water. Most polar organic solvents, as well as hydrocarbons, are miscible with Carbonous Acid Formula. Rather than individual molecules, it consists of hydrogen-bonded dimers in hydrocarbons and in the vapour phase. The ideal gas law does not apply to gaseous formic acid due to its tendency to hydrogen-bond. Essentially endless networks of hydrogen-bonded molecules make up solid formic acid, which exists in two polymorphs. A high-boiling azeotrope is formed between formic acid and water (22.4%). Generally, liquid formic acid supercools.

Carbonous Acid Structure

In the presence of a robust base, methanol and carbon monoxide gas combine to form methyl formate. The methyl formate is treated with ammonia to provide formamide, which is then hydrolysed with sulphuric acid to produce carbonous acid. A carboxylic acid is a compound containing hydrogen and oxygen. Formic acid which is also known as methanoic acid is the simplest of all carboxylic acids. HCOOH is its formula. It occurs naturally, mostly in ant and bee venom, as a significant intermediate in chemical synthesis.

Carbonous Acid Uses

Some uses of the Carbonous Acid Formula are:

  • In livestock feed, it acts as an antibacterial and preservative
  • It is used in the production of rubber as a coagulant
  • Leather is made from this material
  • Warts can be effectively treated with this product
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