Chlorine Gas Formula
Chlorine Gas Formula
This page discusses the formula for chlorine gas. Due to their non-metallic behaviour and high electronegativity, this diatomic molecule is highly reactive. It is classified as a halogen, and its most commonly known compound is sodium chloride (NaCl). Table salt is composed of sodium chloride. In drinking water, it is widely used as a bleaching agent to eliminate viruses and bacteria. Dyeing, pharmaceuticals, automotive, and agriculture industries also use it.
Chlorine Gas Formula Structure
The chemical element Chlorine Gas Formula has the symbol Cl and atomic number 17. Among the halogens, it is the second lightest. In the periodic table, Chlorine Gas Formula is located between fluorine and bromine, with most of its properties intermediate between them. The colour of chlorine at room temperature is yellow-green. Based on the revised Pauling scale, it has the highest electron affinity and the third-highest electronegativity among the elements, behind only oxygen and fluorine. In addition to the revised Pauling scale, nitrogen’s electronegativity is also listed as greater than chlorine’s on several other scales, including Allen, Allred-Rochow, Martynov-Batsanov, Mulliken-Jaffe, Nagle, and Noorizadeh-Shakerzadeh. Medieval alchemists commonly heated chloride salts like ammonium chloride and sodium chloride as part of their experiments. As a result, hydrogen chloride, mercury (II) chloride (corrosive sublimate), and hydrochloric acid (as aqua regia) are produced. Chlorine Gas Formula was first recognized as a separate substance around 1630 by Jan Baptist van Helmont, and Carl Wilhelm Scheele described it as an oxide of a new element in 1774.
Properties Of Chlorine Gas Formula
Chlorine gas has the chemical formula Cl2. An odour similar to household bleach accompanies the yellow-green colour. Hypochlorous and hydrochloric acids are formed when it reacts with water. High concentrations of chlorine gas cause severe irritation to the skin, which leads to tissue destruction. There may be burning, blistering, and prickling sensations. The Chlorine Gas Formula causes severe burns when it comes into contact with the eyes. It is highly toxic and causes unconsciousness when inhaled at high concentrations. Chlorine gas has a molecular weight of 70.906 grams. The density of the liquid is 3.2 grams per millilitre. However, the Chlorine Gas Formula has a melting point of -101.5 degrees Celsius and a boiling point of -34.038 degrees Celsius.