Chloroplatinic Acid Formula

Chloroplatinic Acid Formula 

This article is about the Chloroplatinic Acid Formula. Hexachloroplatinic acid is another name for the inorganic substance chloroplatinic acid. It is a highly hygroscopic solid that is crimson in colour. Unsurprisingly, this substance is a significant commercial source of platinum. The substance is also water-soluble and produces a mildly acidic solution. The eyes and skin may become irritated by Chloroplatinic Acid Formula. It breaks down into poisonous fumes of chloride when exposed to high temperatures. The substance plays a significant role in the creation of indelible ink.

Chloroplatinic Acid Formula can be created in a number of ways. The technique that uses aqua regia to dissolve platinum is the most popular. Using alternative methods, an aqueous solution of platinum particles can also be exposed to chlorine gas.

Structure Of Chloroplatinic Acid

Hexachloroplatinic acid is another name for chloroplatinic acid. It’s an inorganic substance. According to the IUPAC, the Chloroplatinic acid formula is tetrachloroplatinum, hydrate, and dihydrochloride. The complex has an octahedral shape. It looks like a solid red colour. Chloroplatinic acid’s chemical name is [H3O]2[PtCl6](H2O)x. Although, for convenience, it can also be written as H2PtCl6. Chloroplatinic acid has a molecular weight of 427 aMu. Covalent coordination describes the bond between [HO3] and [PtCl6].

Properties Of Chloroplatinic Acid

Physical properties of Chloroplatinic Acid Formula:

  • Chloroplatinic acid has a molecular weight of 427 aMu.
  • A solid that is reddish-brown in colour is chloroplatinic acid.
  • It dissolves in water and forms a slightly acidic solution.
  • Although it is inflammable, starting a fire is challenging.
  • The smell of chloroplatinic acid is acidic.

Chemical properties of Chloroplatinic Acid Formula:

Chloroplatinic acid has a melting point of 60 °C, and heating it causes it to break down.

Chloroplatinic acid has a density of 1.05 g/mL.

A solution with a pH lower than 7 is produced when chloroplatinic acid is introduced to water.

Application Of Chloroplatinic Acid 

  • Quantitative analysis of potassium can be used to determine potassium levels; this method has gained popularity and has been found to be more effective than sodium cobaltinitrate.
  • Platinum purification: Ammonium salts react with chloroplatinic acid to form precipitates of ammonium hexachloroplatinate, which are then converted to elemental platinum.
  • It is used to catalyse the conversion of hydrosilanes to olefins.
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