The Hydrazine Formula is also known as the Nitrogen hydride formula or the Diazane formula. In many industrial and medical applications, nitrogen hydride is a highly reactive base and a good reducing agent. Hydrazine’s molecular or chemical formula is N2H4.
It is a colourless compound when it is anhydrous. It is a fuming, oily liquid with an ammonia-like odour. If any traces of air are detected during distillation, there is a risk of explosion. In addition to being a rocket propellant, it is primarily used in fuel cells.
Hydrazine Formula Structure
Hydrazine has the chemical formula N2H4. Each nitrogen atom possesses three valence electrons, of which two are elected to form hydrogen ions, and the third is used to create a single covalent bond between two separate nitrogen atoms. Hydrazine Formula molecules have a total of 5 bond pairs and 2, respectively, lone pairs.
Properties Of Hydrazine Formula
Hydrazine Formula appears colourless in its colourless form. Furthermore, it is a fuming oily liquid with an ammonia-like odour. If air traces are present, hydrazine tends to explode during the distillation process. Additionally, this substance can potentially be toxic to the body if inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
The hydrazine Formula emits toxic nitrogen oxide during combustion. Experts employ this substance as a rocket propellant and in fuel cells. Ethyl, methyl, propyl, and isobutyl alcohol can all be dissolved in this substance. Hydrocarbons and halogenated hydrocarbons are slightly miscible with the compound. In contrast to chloroform and ether, hydrazine is insoluble in both substances.
Hydrazine Formula has a density of 1.0036 g/cu cm. Furthermore, hydrazine has a relative vapour density of (air = 1). The vapour pressure of hydrazine is 1.1. 14.4 mm Hg at 25 °C. Hydrazine’s octanol/water partition coefficient is LogP -2.07.
This substance is thermally unstable about stability. Additionally, if this substance is sealed in glass and kept in a dark, cool environment, it can be stored for years.