Malic Acid Formula
Malic Acid Formula
C4H6O5 is the molecular formula of malic acid, a dicarboxylic acid. As a result of the reaction between the Malic Acid Formula and salts, malates are formed. It contributes to the sour taste of fruits and is made by all living organisms. As a result of this property, it is commonly used as a food additive. Learn more about the malic acid formula, its chemical structure, and its properties along with its uses in this article.
Malic Acid Chemical Properties
In Biochemistry, malate plays an important role. In the Calvin cycle, Malic Acid Formula is a source of carbon dioxide in the C4 carbon fixation process. By adding an -OH group to fumarate’s si face, (S)-malate is formed as an intermediate in the citric acid cycle. The compound can also be synthesized via anaplerotic reactions from pyruvate. Plant leaves also synthesise Malic Acid Formula by carboxylating phosphoenolpyruvate. The double anion malate frequently accompanies potassium cations during the uptake of solutes into guard cells in order to maintain electrical balance. By accumulating these solutes within the guard cell, the solute potential decreases, which permits water to enter the cell and promotes stomatal opening.
Malic Acid Structural Formula
The first time Malic Acid Formula was isolated from apple juice was in 1785 by Carl Wilhelm Scheele. Lavoisier named it acide malique in 1787, which is derived from the Latin word for apple, malum, as well as its genus name Malus. The salt(s) are called Malat (e) in German, after a sour thing from the apple fruit, Apfelsaure (or Apfelsäure). There are numerous fruits that contain Malic Acid Formula, including apricots, blackberries, blueberries, cherries, grapes, mirabelles, peaches, pears, plums, and quince, as well as other fruits, such as citrus. Unripe apples taste sour because of it. Acid is present in high concentrations in sour apples. The presence of this compound can reach as high as 5 grams per litre in grapes and most wines. In wine, it imparts a tart taste; the amount decreases with increasing fruit ripeness. A plant whose primary flavour is Malic Acid Formula is rhubarb, which has a very clear and pure taste of the acid. Sumac spice also contains this compound, which gives it its tart flavour. The compound is also used to flavour some artificial vinegar flavours, such as “salt and vinegar” potato chips.
Malic Acid Uses
- In medicine, it is used
- Indicated for the treatment of fibromyalgia
- Warts, acne, and other skin problems are treated with this cream
- In food, it is used as a flavouring agent
- Cosmetics are acidified with this additive