Ozone, also known as triatomic oxygen, is a compound composed only of oxygen atoms. Ozone exists in the upper stratosphere and protects the Earth from ultraviolet rays by forming a protective shield against ultraviolet rays from the sun and Ozone in the lower atmosphere acts as a pollutant that can cause respiratory disease in humans and animals. The ozone molecule is composed of three oxygen atoms (O3), but the stable form of oxygen normally found in the atmosphere has only two oxygen atoms. It is present in the Earth’s stratosphere in small amounts and absorbs ultraviolet light from the sun, otherwise damaging life on Earth. Ozone molecules are unstable and fragile, so they cannot be stored, and they must be generated on the spot with an ozone generator. Students are advised to refer to Ozone Formula from Extramarks.
What is Ozone?
The Ozone Formula, also called Trioxygen Formula or Triatomic Oxygen Formula, is explained in the reference materials available on the Extramarks website. As it is known that an inorganic molecule is an allotrope of oxygen. It consists of three oxygen atoms with a single bond, a double bond, and two additional partial charges, a negative and a positive charge and the “V” angle between the central carbon and the two other carbons is 116.78. Ozone is one of the strongest known oxidants, much stronger than O2. It is also bulk unstable and decomposes into normal diatomic oxygen. Its half-life is influenced by environmental factors such as temperature, humidity and air movement. The half-life (HLT) in still air at room temperature (24°C), 0% humidity, and zero air exchange per hour averages 1500 minutes (25 hours) in laboratory settings (ACH).
Ozone Formula Structure
The Ozone Formula is composed of three oxygen atoms (O2). Properties of Ozone Ozone is a blue gas with a boiling point of -112 degrees Celsius. Ozone can be partially dissolved in water at atmospheric pressure. Ozone is 13 times more soluble than oxygen at normal pressures and temperatures. Ozone is a strong oxidant with an oxidation potential of 2.07 volts, making it one of the strongest oxidants in water treatment.
Properties of Ozone
- Chemical Ozone Formula is O3
- Molecular weight 47.997 g/mol
- Density 2.144mg/cm3
- Boiling point -112℃
- Melting point -192.2℃
This inorganic gas compound can be irritating to the eyes and skin. Inhalation or ingestion can cause genetic defects. It is a strong oxidant and highly toxic to aquatic habitats.
Oxidizing effect Ozone is considered a strong oxidizing agent. This is mainly due to the ready release of nascent oxygen atoms. Lead sulphide to lead sulphate: 4O3 + PbS → 4O2 + PbSO4 To iodide ion: 2KI + H2O + O3→ 2KOH + I2 + O2 Nitrogen dioxide to nitrous oxide 2NO2 +N2= 5O3
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Discuss Ozone Formula.
The chemical or molecular formula for ozone is O3. Trioxygen is a pale blue to colourless gas with a pungent odour. It is odorless, but has a bitter, acrid, and salty taste and is insoluble in water, but is soluble in sulfuric acid and carbon tetrachloride.
2. How is the Ozone Formula produced?
Ozone is produced from oxygen molecules by an electrical discharge in the earth’s atmosphere and exposure to ultraviolet light.