Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula
Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula
K4[Fe(CN)6] is the Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula. It is an inorganic compound. Potassium, Iron, Carbon, and Nitrogen are the components of Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula. It is also known as potassium ferrocyanide. A soft silvery-white metal, potassium is found in group 1 of the periodic chart. It has an atomic number of 19, and the letter K is used to denote it. The periodic table’s group 8 contains the metal iron. It is one among the most widely distributed elements on the planet. It has the atomic number 26 and is denoted by the letter Fe. Group 14 of the periodic table contains nonmetal carbon. It has an atomic number of 6, and is denoted by the symbol C. Nitrogen is the most abundant element in the Earth’s atmosphere and is colourless, tasteless, and odourless. Potassium ferrocyanide has a wide range of uses. For example, sodium ferrocyanide Na4[Fe(CN)6] (prussiate of soda) is used in the food industry in the United States, but it is used as the food additive E536 in the European Union.These two compounds are anti-caking agents that are dilutedly added to the table salt we consume on a daily basis. It is manufactured commercially using hydrogen cyanide, calcium hydroxide, and ferrous chloride. Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula is used in numerous specialised industrial applications nowadays.
Properties of Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II
The compound Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula is a yellow crystal also referred to as the yellow prussiate of potash. Warm potassium carbonate is stirred with wool or horn clippings using an iron rod to create the substance. The coordination substance [Fe (CN)6]3 is the main component of this vivid red salt. It emits some greenish-yellow light, demonstrating the solution’s solubility in water. The unpaired electrons in this complex compound are what give it its colour.
Physical Properties of Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II
Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula is a yellow crystalline salt that is inorganic in nature. Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II has a light yellow crystalline granular look. Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II has a molecular weight of 368.35 g/mol. It is water soluble. Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II has a density of 1.85 g/cm3. Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II has a melting point of 71 °C. Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula has a 400 °C boiling point.
Chemical Properties of Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II
Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula produces potassium sulphate, ferrous sulphate, ammonium sulphate, and carbon monoxide when it combines with sulfuric acid. Then, potassium hexacyanoferrate II interacts with ferric chloride to produce a complex mixture of potassium chloride, iron (III), and potassium hexacyanidoferrate (II). The Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula is decomposed to produce potassium cyanide. Potassium sulphate and cupric ferrocyanide are produced when potassium hexacyanoferrate II interacts with copper sulphate.
Structure of Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II
Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula has a complex polymeric structure, just like other metal cyanides. This is true of both the hydrate and anhydrous salt forms. Octahedral [Fe(CN)6]4 centres make up the polymer, which is bonded together by K+ ions that are bonded to the CN ligands. When the material is dissolved in water, the K+—-NC bonds are broken.
Preparation of Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II
Calcium hydroxide, ferrous chloride, and hydrogen cyanide are all combined to create the Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula. After treating the combined solution with potassium salts to precipitate the mixed calcium potassium salt, potassium carbonate is added to create tetra potassium salt.
Uses of Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II
Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula is used as a road salt and table salt anti-caking agent. It is commonly used to separate copper from molybdenum ore and purify tin. It is used as a plant fertiliser. In agriculture, Potassium Hexacyanoferrate II Formula is used as fertiliser. In dihydroxylations, it serves as an oxidant for catalyst regeneration. It is also used in the electroplating process. Citric acid and wine are made using potassium hexacyanoferrate II. It is a substance that is used as an oxidising agent in organic chemistry. Potassium permanganate, a substance frequently used in titrations based on redox reactions, is measured in the lab using potassium ferrocyanide. The main source of alkali metal cyanides up until the advent of the Castner method in 1900 was potassium ferrocyanide. In this old procedure, potassium ferrocyanide was broken down to create potassium cyanide.
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