Silver Chloride Formula
Silver Chloride Formula
Silver Chloride Formula can be written as AgCl which is a chemical substance. It is commonly known for its white, crystalline material which cannot dissolve in water. Chlorargyrite is a mineral that naturally contains AgCl. The Silver Chloride Formula in the test tube quickly turns purplish because it is split up into silver and chlorine, especially in a sunny environment. A white silver chloride precipitate forms when sodium chloride is added to a solution of silver nitrate. A popular salt stain used to give the glass an amber hue is Silver Chloride Formula.
What is Silver Chloride?
Silver Chloride Formula is a white crystalline compound which cannot be dissolved in water. It is also known to be insoluble in alcohol and dilute acids. Though Silver Chloride Formula is insoluble in alcohol, dilute acids and water, it is soluble in substances like ammonia, sulfuric acid, alkali cyanide, hydrochloric acid, and potassium bromide solution.
Silver Chloride Formula Structure
The Silver Chloride Formula has a 2D but not a conformer structure. Conformer production is prohibited because MMFF94 does not support certain elements, atom valances, mixtures, or salts. Each Ag+ ion is surrounded by an octahedron of six chloride ligands in the solid, which has the fcc NaCl structure.
Preparation of Silver chloride
The Silver Chloride Formula can be made using various methods. Contrary to most chloride salts, silver chloride is unusual in that it is incredibly insoluble. Silver Chloride Formula is readily made using a process called metathesis, which entails combining a soluble silver nitrate aqueous solution with a soluble chloride salt, like sodium chloride or cobalt(II) chloride. The resultant silver chloride will immediately precipitate.
Properties Of Silver Chloride
Some computed properties of the Silver Chloride Formula are that it has a molecular weight of 143.32g. It has no hydrogen bond donor but, on the contrary to that, it does have one hydrogen bond acceptor. The heavy atom count of the Silver Chloride Formula is two. It has 2 covalently bonded atoms. The compound is also canonicalised. There are several other properties of the element that are to be learned by the students. These properties can be learned in detail with the help of the Extramarks platform. The platform has multiple learning modules that can help the student get a good hold of the topic. They can understand the concept faster and in a better manner at their homes.
Physical Properties of Silver Chloride
The physical properties of the Silver Chloride Formula are as follows:
- It is available as a white powder.
- It has no smell.
- It is 670/1Pa for the vapour pressure.
- It won’t dissolve in water.
Chemical Properties of Silver Chloride
The chemical properties of the Silver Chloride Formula include the fact that in the presence of sunlight, silver chloride decomposes to generate silver and chlorine. Another property is a complex molecule known as silver diamine ion and the chloride ion is created when silver chloride reacts with a base, such as ammonia. The chemical properties are diverse and students can face challenge in understanding the concept fully. Studying with the Extramarks platform can make them feel more confident about the topic, and they can also indulge in self study more actively. It also has multiple options of revision.
Uses of Silver Chloride
Various uses of the Silver Chloride Formula include its use in:
- Magnesium serves as the positive electrode and silver chloride serves as the anode in the most effective sort of water-activated battery.
- Silver chloride is employed in the production of alloys as well as the electroplating and polishing of mirrors.
- Silver chloride reacts with the toxin to create a harmless chemical molecule, acting as an antidote.
- Pharmaceuticals and photographic films both make use of silver salts.
- Silver chloride is a useful addition to ceramic glazes for the formation of “Inglaze lustre” due to its restricted solubility.
- Silver chloride is used to create photographic paper because it interacts with photons to create a latent image through photoreduction.
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