Sodium Bromide Formula
Sodium Bromide Formula
Two elements—Na (Sodium) and Br (Bromine)—combine to form sodium bromide (Bromide). The symbol for sodium is Na. The atomic number of sodium is 11. Sodium Bromide Formula is found in Periodic Table Group 1. Alkali metals include sodium. Unlike other elements, sodium is not found in nature and must be synthesised from various compounds. Sodium Bromide Formula is a light whitish and light silver colour mixture. Due to its high reactivity with water, it will ignite and explode if a significant amount of sodium is dropped into the water.
What is Sodium Bromide?
In contrast to organic compounds, which typically contain carbon atoms, sodium bromide is an inorganic substance. As a result, the Sodium Bromide Formula is classified as an inorganic compound. A white crystal powder known as sodium bromide has a mildly acrid (or salty and bitter) flavour.
Sodium Bromide Properties
The appearance of Sodium Bromide Formula is a white crystalline solid. The molecular formula is NaBr. The melting point is 747 °C (anhydrous), 36 °C (dihydrate), and the boiling point is 1,396 °C. The density of Sodium Bromide is 3.21 g/cm³ (anhydrous) and 2.18 g/cm3 (dihydrate). Moreover, the molar mass is 102.894 g/mol and is soluble in water.
Physical Properties of Sodium Bromide
There is no odour in the salt. Sodium Bromide Formula manifests as a solid white crystalline structure. It has two covalently bonded units. The salt has a heat capacity of 298.15 K, J/molK. The salt dissolves easily in water.
Chemical Properties of Sodium Bromide
When the Sodium Bromide Formula reacts with silver nitrate solution, it produces silver bromide and sodium nitrate. The silver radical in a solution replaces the sodium ion, which makes it sufficiently reactive to change back to its initial state. As a reactive metal ion, sodium reacts with the nitrate radical to form sodium nitrate. A redox reaction occurs once more as the sodium’s oxidation number changes. When sodium bromide reacts with sulphuric acid, sodium sulfate and hydrogen bromide are formed.
The hydrogen atom attached to the sodium bromide ion is where the sulphuric acid attacks it at its most electronegative region. The sodium ion forms a bond with a hydrogen atom from sulphuric acid, which lowers the sodium ion’s oxidation state. One of the chemical characteristics of sodium bromide frequently used in its applications is a redox reaction, which is visible in this reaction.
Sodium Bromide Structure
A very unstable, positively charged radical, sodium is a highly reactive metal. It’s even preserved in kerosene oil to keep it from deteriorating due to its reactivity. The sodium bromide molecule is the result of forming an ionic bond between this element and the negatively charged bromide radical. In general, this ionic connection is stable. The resulting Sodium Bromide Formula compound has the chemical name sodium bromide.
Sodium bromide has a linear and polar structure because the positive and negative radicals combine to form a polarity where electrons are shared by the more electronegative radical, the bromide.
Sodium Bromide Uses
Due to its oil extraction-friendly displacing qualities, Sodium Bromide Formula is majorly consumed in the oil and gas drilling industry.
Uses of Sodium Bromide
Sodium Bromide Formula is used as a sedative. Most sodium bromide is used in the oil and gas drilling industry. The fact that bromine is liberated gives it germicidal properties. Sodium Bromide Formula functions as a reagent, antibacterial, and detergent in pharmaceutical preparations.
- Why is sodium when reacted with water causes fire?
Individually, sodium metal produces rapid hydrogen gas, which causes fire and explosion. As a result, caution should be exercised when handling sodium in conjunction with water.