Sodium Nitride Formula
Sodium Nitride Formula
Sodium Nitride is an inorganic substance with the Sodium Nitride Formula Na3N. Sodium nitride comprises very unstable alkali metal nitride, as implied by the Sodium Nitride Formula. The periodic table’s group 1 element is sodium. Here, the loss of Na+ ions results in the creation of single free electrons. The periodic table’s element group 5 includes nitrogen. By obtaining three electrons, nitride ions, also known as N3- ions, are created. They are created by mixing nitrogen and sodium atomic beams that are deposited on the sapphire substrate at low temperatures. The Sodium Nitride Formula has a molecular weight of 82.976 g/mol. By bringing the individual ions into balance, the ionic component is created. Considering that, sodium nitride is quite unstable. Sodium nitrite can easily break down into its component constituents, sodium and nitrogen.
Structure of Sodium Nitride
The anti-ReO structure is depicted in the Sodium Nitride Formula. Additionally, sodium nitride is composed of a straightforward NNa Octahedra structure. The N-Na bond measures around 236.6 pm. The X-ray diffraction technique can be used to record the structural development of sodium nitride. A comparable anion exists in sodium nitride, sodium amide, and sodium amide. Potassium nitride and lithium nitride both share the same cation.
The Sodium Nitride Formula is Na3N at the molecular level. To create this Na3N structure, an ionic compound with both metal and non-metal elements is sodium nitrate. Because valency electrons in this ionic combination changed from metal to non-metal, there are three Na ions first, followed by N. In the periodic table, sodium is in group I and only has one valency electron. Because this is an ionic combination and nitrogen is in group 15 of the periodic table and has five valency electrons, sodium will transfer its valency electron to nitrogen, giving it a positive charge. Three valency electrons were added to nitrogen, giving it a three-charge. Ionic bonds are created when the positive charge is drawn to the negative charge.
Properties Of Sodium Nitride Formula
The Sodium Nitride Formula is Na3N at the molecular level. It is over 90% ionic at room temperature, and the bandgap is typical for a semiconductor. Its anti-ReO structure consists of a straightforward lattice built of NNa octahedra. The length of the N-Na bond is 236.6 pm.
Chemical Properties of Sodium Nitride
- At normal temperatures, sodium nitrate exhibits 90% ionisation and a bandgap comparable to semiconductors.
- The colour of sodium nitride ranges from reddish-brown to dark blue. The method of synthesis affects the colour of sodium nitrides.
- A boiling point does not exist for sodium nitride.
- Both the melting and boiling temperatures of sodium and nitrogen ionic compounds are extremely high. This is brought on by the powerful electrical attraction between the ions with opposing charges.
- Enthalpy rate for the formation of sodium nitride is around +64 kJ/mol.
- Nitrides of sodium can dissolve in water.
- Sodium nitride will disintegrate at a temperature of 360 K, or 86.85 C.
Harmful Effects of Sodium Nitride
The Sodium Nitride Formula is Na3N. Although the Sodium Nitride Formula, also known as nitrite, has unclear possible health implications, the increasing study is shedding light on this substance. According to Healthy Child, Healthy World, excessive consumption of sodium nitrite has been connected to conditions like non-Hodgkin lymphoma, leukaemia, and oesophagal, pancreatic, bladder, and thyroid cancer. Although exposure to sodium nitrite in the environment can not be completely avoided, it can be reduced to avoid dangerous amounts.
According to Healthy Child, Healthy World, newborns and pregnant women are more in danger from nitrite exposure. Methaemoglobin, a dangerous consequence of nitrites, builds up in pregnant women’s bodies and depletes the cells’ supply of oxygen.
Uses Of Sodium Nitride Nitride
- As a salt alternative and food preservative, Sodium Nitride Formula is also utilised as a cyanide poisoning remedy.
- It is utilised in fish and meat as a microbiological agent.
- It helps to keep various kinds of food in large amounts.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What is the Sodium Nitride Formula?
Na3N is the Sodium Nitride Formula.
The periodic table’s group 1 element is sodium. As a result, it will lose one electron to create a 1+ ion and then form an electron: Na \s+.
The periodic table’s group 5a element is nitrogen. It gains three electrons to create a 3-ion when it creates the nitride ion: N \s3−.
The charges of the individual constituent ions in ionic compounds must balance. Three sodium ions can be present in each nitride ion to accomplish this.
Consequently, sodium nitride has the formula Na 3 N. Na 3 N is incredibly unstable, though. It quickly breaks down into its component parts according to the following equation: 2Na 3 N 6Na + N 2