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Urea Chemical Formula
Urea Formula is a nitrogenous compound found primarily in the urine of mammals. Urea Formula is an organic compound also referred to as carbamide. It is a versatile chemical with two amide groups and two carbonyl groups. That being said, it is essentially a waste by-product produced when the body metabolises proteins. Carbamide is the diamide of carbonic acid that is highly soluble in water. Carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, and hydrogen make up urea. The chemical formula for urea is CH4N2O.
Urea Structural Formula
As a double amide, urea has a planar geometry in its canter.
We can see from the structure that the carbon atom is double-bonded to an oxygen atom. We collectively referred to it as a carbonyl group.
In addition, nitrogen is joined to two hydrogen atoms to form an amide group. As a result, urea would be formed by combining two amide groups and a carbonyl.
Properties of Urea
The following are the main properties of urea:
- Typically white or colourless
- Organic substance
- Odourless crystalline
Urea Molecular Formula
To determine the molecular formula of urea,
First, one must count the number of atoms in the Urea.
1 gram of Carbon
2 Nitrous Oxide
1 litre of Oxygen
To form the formula, one can now use the number of each atom as a subscript.
In other words, CH4N2O.
This is the Urea Molecular Formula.
CH4N2O is a chemical equation of the Urea Formula.
Its solubility is -50g/l (20 degrees), 1670g/l (40 degrees), 2510g/l (60 degrees), and 400g/l (40 degrees) (80 degrees). The melting point is between 133 and 135 degrees Celsius.
Reactivity Profile of Urea Formula
Urea Formula is regarded as a weak base. When it reacts with hypochlorites, it produces nitrogen trichloride, which explodes explosively in the air. The same is true for phosphorus pentachloride compounds. It produces toxic gas when it reacts with compounds like azo and diazo. Furthermore, urea reacts with strong degreasing agents to produce flammable gases such as (hydrogen).
An explosion occurs when inappropriate stoichiometric quantities of urea and sodium nitrite are heated. Heated urea and oxalic acid mixtures produced rapid evolution of gases such as ammonia, carbon dioxide, and carbon monoxide (if hot, can be explosive).
Urea Formula and Titanium tetrachloride form a complex over 6 weeks at 80° C, which decomposes aggressively at 90° C. Urea spontaneously ignites on stirring with nitrosyl perchlorate due to the formation of diazonium perchlorate.
At high temperatures, urea and oxalic acid react to produce flammable and toxic ammonia and carbon monoxide gases, as well as inert carbon dioxide gas.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What is Urea Formula?
Urea is a nitrogenous compound found primarily in the urine of mammals. This organic compound is also referred to as carbamide.
2. What is the formula of Urea?
The chemical formula of Urea Formula is CH4N2O.