Lithium Oxide Formula
Lithium Oxide Formula
The Lithium Oxide Formula is also known as Lithia. It is a highly insoluble and thermally stable lithium source suitable for the manufacture of glass, ceramics and optical components. It is formed when lithium metal burns in the presence of oxygen. Also, these compounds (oxide compounds) do not have electrical conductivity. However, some perovskite-structured oxides are electrically conductive and have applications as cathodes for solid oxide fuel cells and oxygen generation systems and are also inorganic compounds. Refer to Extramarks for information regarding Lithium Oxide Formula.
Lithium Oxide Properties
It is a white crystalline solid with a density of 2.013 g/cm3. It also has a melting point of 1438 °C and a boiling point of 2600 °C. A strong base. It is also water-soluble and becomes lithium hydroxide when dissolved in water. Its refractive index is 1.644 and its crystal structure is cubic antifluorite, cF12. Moreover, its heat capacity is 1.8105 J/g K or 54.1 J/mol K. Students can study the Lithium Oxide Formula on Extramarks.
Lithium Oxide Chemical Structure
Its chemical formula is Li2O and its molar mass is 29.88 g/mol in the solid state, lithium oxide adopts an antifluorite structure. This can be related to the CaF2 fluorite structure, where the Li cation replaces the fluoride anion and the oxide anion replaces the calcium anion.
Moreover, Li2O molecules are linear in the gas phase and have bond lengths consistent with strong ionic bonding. Furthermore, the valence shell electron pair repulsion (VSEPR) theory predicts a curved shape similar to HO. Check Lithium Oxide Formula on the Extramarks website.
Lithium Oxide Uses
It is a white crystalline solid with a density of 2.013 g/cm3. It also has a melting point of 1438 °C and a boiling point of 2600 °C. A strong base. It is also water-soluble and becomes lithium hydroxide when dissolved in water. Its refractive index is 1.644 and its crystal structure is cubic antifluorite, cF12. Moreover, its heat capacity is 1.8105 J/g K or 54.1 J/mol K.
Lithium oxide is used as a flux in ceramic glazes to create blue with copper and pink with cobalt. Additionally, it reacts with steam or water to form lithium hydroxide and must be separated from it. In the heat-insulating layer, the use of non-destructive emission spectroscopic evaluation and deterioration monitoring is also being considered.
Additionally, it can be added as a co-dope with yttria (a white solid, air-stable substance) to zirconia ceramic topcoats without significantly reducing the predictable life of the coating.
Furthermore, at elevated temperatures or heat, lithium oxide emits a highly distinguishable spectral pattern that increases in intensity as the coating degrades.
Most notably, its implementation enables in-situ monitoring of such systems, providing an efficient means of lifetime protection until failure or required maintenance. However, lithium metal can be obtained from lithium oxide by electrolysis. For more information about the Lithium Oxide Formula, one can visit the Extramarks website.