Democracy And Diversity Class 10 Solutions

Civics teaches students to participate in public procedures and debates about real-life concerns. Students can also acquire civic skills, including voting, volunteering, and working together to better the society. In addition, students may learn how others participate in civics and how to participate and take informed action.

NCERT Class 10 Civics Chapter 3- Democracy and Diversity explains how democracy responds to societal disparities, divisions, and inequities in this chapter. The chapter begins with an example of societal divides being expressed in public. Following that, students shall learn broad lessons about how social inequalities may manifest themselves in many ways. Then they look at how democratic politics influences and is influenced by socioeconomic differences.

Extramarks is a treasure of quality study resources. In addition, it brings forward Democracy and Diversity Class 10 NCERT Solutions. NCERT solutions are essential to retaining all the concepts of a chapter. As a result, Extramarks NCERT Class 10 Civics Chapter 3 helps students learn the chapter and comprehend all its essential aspects.

In addition to Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions, students can take advantage of various study materials available at Extramarks for all classes. Material such as NCERT books, CBSE revision notes, CBSE sample papers, CBSE past years’ question papers, and more are readily available at the Extramarks’ website.

Key Topics Covered In Democracy And Diversity Class 10 Solutions

The following key topics are covered in Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions:

A Story from Mexico Olympics
Differences, Similarities, Divisions
Politics of Social Divisions

Let us look at in-depth information on each subtopic in Democracy and Diversity Class 10.

A Story from Mexico Olympics

Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions by Extramarks explains the tale of two African-American athletes, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, who raised a black-gloved fist while singing the US national anthem at the Medal Ceremony of the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City. They had taken home gold and bronze, respectively. They attempted to call international attention to racial inequality in the United States with this action. The uplifted clenched fists and black-gloved hands were supposed to represent Black Power. This image reflects a significant moment in the history of the United States’ Civil Rights Movement.

Differences, Similarities, Divisions

The tale about the Mexico Olympics exemplifies societal divides and injustices. However, there are different types of social divides in society. As students might have discovered in the previous two chapters, regional, linguistic, and religious distinctions have caused societal divides. To get a hold of the last two chapter notes, apart from Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions, refer to the Extramarks’ website.

Origins of Social Differences

As per Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions, most socioeconomic disparities are due to the chance of birth. People around us, for example, are male or female, tall or short, have various complexions, and have multiple physical abilities or impairments. However, some of the variances are the result of our decisions. Some people, for example, are atheists, meaning they do not believe in God or religion. Some individuals believe in God, while others do not. Other options include deciding what to study, what profession to pursue, and what games or cultural activities to participate in.

Social distinctions separate similar people, yet they can bring them together. People from many social groupings have similarities and characteristics that cut over their groups’ boundaries.

Overlapping and Cross-Cutting Differences

Extramarks’ Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions briefs about the concept of overlapping and cross-cutting differences in the following. 

Due to discrepancies in their social, economic, or racial disparity, people are discriminated against, or one class/group is given preference over the other. The two forms of social distinctions are overlapping and cross-cutting.

Overlapping differences occur when one type of social difference becomes more prominent than the other, and people feel like they belong to distinct groups. It leads to societal collapse and division. For example, Dalits in India suffer prejudice since they come from poor backgrounds.

When social divisions cross over, it indicates that groups with similar interests on one subject are likely to have opposing positions on another. For example, Northern Ireland and the Netherlands were predominantly Christian but were split between Catholics and Protestants.

Politics of Social Divisions

Politics and social divides are scary and destructive when combined. Competition between political parties is a feature of democracy. However, if they start competing based on existing social differences, it can turn those divisions into political divisions, resulting in conflict, bloodshed, and even country dissolution.

What can be the range of outcomes of politics of social divisions?

Extramarks Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions explains this concept with the help of the example of Ireland. The divide between the two largest Christian groups in Northern Ireland, 53 percent Protestants and 44 percent Roman Catholics, took the shape of politics. Nationalist parties represented the Catholics, who desired that Northern Ireland be reunited with the Republic of Ireland, which is overwhelmingly Catholic. Unionists who wished to stay in the Protestant United Kingdom represented the Protestants. It later took a catastrophic turn, resulting in the deaths of hundreds of people.

Political struggle along religious and ethnic lines in Yugoslavia contributed to the country’s breakup into six sovereign nations. Nonetheless, not every manifestation of political and socioeconomic differences results in such calamities. However, it impacts voting in most countries, particularly India.

Three Determinants

Three factors are essential in determining the result of social division politics as stated in Extramarks Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions:

  • The result is determined by how individuals view themselves. It becomes tough to address if individuals perceive their identities in singular and exclusive terms.
  • It all relies on how political leaders elevate community needs. It’s simpler to meet demands within the constitutional framework and not harm another group.
  • It depends on how the government responds to different groups’ requests.

The political expression of socioeconomic divides is widespread and may be good in a democracy. This permits underprivileged and marginalised socioeconomic groups to vent their problems and have them addressed by the government.

Democracy and Diversity Class 10 NCERT Solutions 

Experts of Extramarks have created NCERT Solutions for each chapter. These solutions come in very handy during the preparation for examinations. Students can easily access several study materials on the Extramarks’ website. Click on the below links to view NCERT Solutions for Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions:

Class 10 Economics Chapter 3: Very Short Answer Type Questions

Class 10 Economics Chapter 3: Short Answer Type Questions

Class 10 Economics Chapter 3: Long Answer Type Questions

Students may access NCERT Solutions for Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions and other chapters by clicking here. In addition, students can also explore NCERT Solutions for other classes below.

NCERT Class 10 Social Science Books Available for:
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science – Understanding Economic Development
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science – India and the Contemporary World
NCERT Solutions Class 10 Social Science – Contemporary India

By getting access to Extramarks NCERT Solutions for Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions, students can easily understand Democracy and its Diversities.

Key Features of Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions

Class 10 board examination makes for a strong foundation for a student’s career. To ensure good grades in the Class 10 examination, students should be thorough with NCERT Solutions. Extramarks has come up with NCERT solutions and many other study materials to make that easier. We give you reasons why one should choose Extramarks over anything else:

  • These NCERT solutions have been prepared by Extramarks subject specialists exclusively.
  • These solutions have made it easy for students to grasp the ideas.
  • After going through the solutions, students feel more confident

Q.1 Discuss three factors that determine the outcomes of politics of social divisions.


Three factors are crucial in deciding the outcome of politics of social divisions –

  • Firstly, the outcome depends on how people perceive their identities. If people see their identities in singular and exclusive terms, it becomes too difficult to accommodate. As long as people in Northern Ireland saw themselves as only Catholic or Protestant, chances of reconciliation were slim. It is much easier if people realize they have multiple identities that are complementary with the national identity. Most Belgians now feel that they are Belgians first and then Dutch or German-speakers.
  • Secondly, it depends on how political leaders raise the demands of any community. The demands of a community ought to be within a constitutional framework. These demands should not be at the cost of other communities. In Sri Lanka, the demand for ‘only Sinhala’ was at the cost of the Tamil community.
  • Thirdly, it depends on how the government reacts to demands of different groups. The governments of Belgium and Sri Lanka reacted differently to the demands. While Belgian leaders were ready to accommodate all groups, in Sri Lanka, the demands of the minority were suppressed in the name of national unity. Attempts of forced integration can lead to disintegration.

Q.2 When does a social difference become a social division?


  • When one social difference overlaps with another, social divisions take place.
  • In USA, the difference between African-Americans and Whites becomes a social division because most blacks are poor, homeless, unemployed and discriminated against.
  • In India, the Dalits are often landless and poor. They have to face discrimination and injustice.
  • Such differences often make people feel that they belong to different communities.

Q.3 How do social divisions affect politics? Give two examples.


  • Democracy involves competition among various political parties.
  • Political parties tend to exploit some existing social divisions. This can turn social divisions into political divisions and lead to serious conflict, violence or even disintegration.
  • Northern Ireland is an example of how social divisions can affect politics.
  • The population of Northern Ireland comprised of 53 percent Protestants and 44 percent Roman Catholics.
  • The Nationalist parties represented the Catholics. They demanded Northern Ireland to be unified with Republic of Ireland.
  • The Unionists represented the Protestants and wanted to remain with UK.
  • A bloody war took place between Unionists and Nationalists in which hundreds of civilians, militants and security men were killed.
  • It was only in 1998, that the UK government and the Nationalists reached a peace treaty after which the violence ended.
  • In Yugoslavia too, political parties competed on the lines of ethnic and religious divisions.
  • But unlike Northern Ireland, Yugoslavia could not save itself from disintegration. The disintegration of Yugoslavia led to the formation of six independent countries.

Q.4 ________________ social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. ___________________ social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.


Overlapping social differences create possibilities of deep social divisions and tensions. Cross-cutting social differences do not usually lead to conflicts.

Q.5 In dealing with social divisions which one of the following statements is NOT correct about democracy?
(a) Due to political competition in a democracy, social divisions get reflected in politics.
(b) In a democracy it is possible for communities to voice their grievances in a peaceful manner.
(c) Democracy is the best way to accommodate social diversity.
(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.


(d) Democracy always leads to disintegration of society on the basis of social divisions.

Explanation: In a democracy, political expression of social divisions is very normal and can be healthy. This allows various disadvantaged and marginal social groups to express their grievances and get the government to attend to these. Expression of various kinds of social divisions in politics often results in their cancelling one another out and thus reducing their intensity.

Q.6 Consider the following three statements.
1. Social divisions take place when social differences overlap.
2. It is possible that a person can have multiple identities.
3. Social divisions exist in only big countries like India.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

1. A, B and C

2. A and B

3. B and C

4. Only C


(b) A and B

Q.7 Arrange the following statements in a logical sequence and select the right answers by using the code given below.
1. But all political expression of social divisions need not be always dangerous.
2. Social divisions of one kind or the other exist in most countries.
3. Parties try to win political support by appealing to social divisions.
4. Some social differences may result in social divisions.

1. D, B, C, A

2. D, B, A, C

3. D, A, C, B

4. A, B, C, D


(a) D,B,C,A

Q.8 Among the following, which country suffered disintegration due to political fights on the basis of religious and ethnic identities?

  1. Belgium
  1. India
  1. Yugoslavia
  1. Netherlands


(b) Yugoslavia

Q.9 Read the following passage from a famous speech by Martin Luther King Jr. in 1963. Which social division is he talking about? What are his aspirations and anxieties? Do you see a relationship between this speech and the incident in Mexico Olympics mentioned in this chapter?

“I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the colour of their skin but by the content of their character. Let freedom ring. And when this happens, and when we allow freedom ring—when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God’s children—black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics—will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: ‘Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!’ I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men are created equal’.”


  • The social division referred by Martin Luther King Jr. in this speech is the colour of the skin.
  • His aspirations are that his children should not be judged by the colour of their skin but by their character. He wants equality for all – black men, white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics. He dreams that one day his nation (USA) will accept the truth that all men are created equal.
  • Yes, there is a relation between the Mexico Olympics incident mentioned in the chapter and Martin Luther King’s speech. Both highlight the fact that African-Americans were discriminated against in the United States of America.The Black American athletes, Tommie Smith and John Carlos had tried to draw international attention towards the racial discrimination in the United States. Martin Luther King has also made a reference to this racial discrimination in his speech.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why should we choose Extramarks Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions?

Extramarks offers exclusive and accurate answers. Extramarks subject experts have prepared these solutions after thorough research on the subject and as a consequence, these solutions are 100 percent reliable and helpful for students.

2. What do you mean by class Diversity in India as per Democracy and Diversity Class 10 Solutions?

In Indian society, there are several castes. Some castes are assigned considerable value, significance, and priority. In contrast, others are considered ‘inferior.’ Men and women from certain castes were viewed as untouchables by individuals from the so-called upper classes under old caste systems. Those individuals were assigned low-wage occupations and were not permitted to take their children to school. For years, they remained impoverished and ignorant. As a democratic country, India’s government no longer discriminates against citizens based on their castes.   

3. In simple words, differentiate between Democracy and Diversity

Democracy is a form of governance in which citizens elect their representatives to lead the government. Without emphasising disparities, diversity refers to the distinctions between individuals.

People in a democracy present the government with a variety of demands. However, in a varied society, the aspirations of various groups are diverse and frequently competing. A democratic country permits multiple political parties to function based on religion, languages, or other characteristics.

For more explanations on the chapter, refer to the Extramarks’ website.