NCERT Solutions Class 5 EVS Chapter 21

NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21: Like Father, Like Daughter

Environmental Studies (EVS) involves researching, observing, developing, and understanding broader and local ecological systems of natural, human, cultural and social aspects. This subject is crucial for younger students to build an understanding of their environment and to learn about good life values.

Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 is about how kids acquire their traits from their family members' behaviour, habits, appearance, lifestyle, and other traits. Students are also made aware of their family legacy, learn about their extended family and also raise awareness among children about Polio. 

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Our NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 is one of the excellent study materials for the CBSE EVS studies. They offer a complete and distinct explanation of all topics from the syllabus so that it is easy for students to understand the subject from all aspects. Our academic team  has designed the course materials and given step-by-step solutions to all questions asked in the textbook. Studying and regularly revising from Extramarks NCERT Solutions will help students score good grades in exams. 

Students can access various additional study resources on the Extramarks website, including Chapter-wise study notes, CBSE revision notes, CBSE sample papers, CBSE past year question papers, etc.

Key Topics Covered In NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21

The chapter covers  short narratives of different families, and students can  learn and understand better from our NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21.

Gregor Mendel first taught about inheritance and experimented with it on a peas plant to understand what inheritance looks like. According to him, some traits in plants come in pairs (like tall and short- height, green and yellow - colour, small and big - seeds). These characteristics are passed on from one generation (children) to the next generation. 

Given below is a summary of Class 5 EVS Chapter 21.

Aaa, ch hee!

A girl named Ashima was reading and sitting next to the window. There was a lot of dust in the air as it was windy. Ashima sneezed very loudly - aaa ch hee! Her parents were sorting out vegetables in the kitchen. Her mother said, "She sneezes loudly as her father does."

Who is whose aunt? 

In the next part of the story, there is a girl named Nilima; she had been to the home of her Nani (mother's mother) during the school holidays. She saw someone was coming and went to inform her mother, "Amma, mausi (mother's sister) has come to see you." Her mother came out. She told Nilima that was not her mausi! And said that it was Nilima's cousin sister Kiran. 

Students will find this story interesting while studying from our NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21, as we have used colourful images to make it more interesting for students.

How we are all related! 

Nilima started playing with  Kiran's son Samir. Her mother called Kiran and said, "Look, my daughter, Nilima's hair is similar to yours, thick, black and curly. It is good that she does not have hair like mine – straight, brown and limp!" Nilima's Nani laughed and said, "Yes, it is strange. All sisters had thick, curly hair, but our second generation has similar hair." Nilima listened to their talks and thought, "We are called 'distant' relatives, but we are closely related in many ways!" 

Is this a mirror? 

In the next part of the chapter, as covered in NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21, students will learn about twin sisters Saroja and Suvasini. They both are identical twins, and people often get confused between these two sisters. Their mama (mother's brother) also gets confused when he sees them together.

Sometimes Saroja gets scolded for the mischief done by Suvasini. At times Suvasini tricks her mama and says, "Suvasini has gone out." But now mama has learnt a trick. He says –Sings a song in Marathi! Why this funny trick?

These sisters were just two weeks old when Saroja's (father's brother's wife) Chachi adopted her and took her to Pune. Everyone in Chachi's home was fond of music. Mornings began with music at home. Saroja knew many songs in both the languages Tamil and Marathi. 

Everyone would communicate in Tamil at home, and most of the children spoke in Marathi at school. Suvasini stays with her father in Chennai. Her father is a karate coach. When she was three years old, Suvasini started practising karate with the other children. During holidays, along with her father, she began practice in the morning. Suvasini and Saroja looked alike but were also very different in many ways.

But not this from parents

Satti was a few months old when one of her legs was affected by Polio. But she never let this come in her way of work and life. Walking long distances and climbing many stairs were part of her work. Later Satti was married. Few people suggested that she should not have kids. She was worried that her children may also get affected by Polio. She consulted a doctor regarding this, and the doctor clarified that Polio is not inherited from parents.

In our NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21, we encourage students to read and then clear misconceptions about common diseases like Polio and Leprosy.

Some from the family, some from the environment 

The last part of the chapter discusses Vibha's story. She knew that her Nana (grandfather) was coming – from his loud laughter. Her Nana talks loudly and hears with great difficulty. Are there people at your home who speak loudly? Or cannot hear clearly? Few people use a machine to listen if they have a hearing problem. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 - Exercise and Answer Solutions

Chapter 21 of Class 5 EVS teaches children about various family traits and  inheritance. In simple words,  the acquired traits are developed during a person’s lifetime and inherited traits are  present in the person since his birth that get transferred from one generation to another.

Key Features in NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21

Extramarks has developed NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 study material with the use of innovative teaching methods. These unique methods make learning fun and engaging for young students to stay focused and develop an interest in their studies. 

Some of the features that students will find beneficial while studying from our NCERT Solutions:

  • The detailed explanation given for all the exercises covered in NCERT textbooks provides students with a perfect revision strategy for the entire chapter. 
  • Simple and easy-to-understand words and step-by-step explanations help students remember the concepts easily. This greatly increases the chances of scoring better marks in exams.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Could you give some tips to get good marks for Class 5 EVS exams?

Students should start EVS preparation with NCERT textbooks. They are advised to revise the chapters  regularly. Along with the textbook, students should include good and reliable study resources such as Extramarks NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVS Chapter 21 in their study plan to get an in-depth understanding of all concepts. Our study resources cover the latest NCERT syllabus and are prepared by experienced subject teachers. Using these solutions, students can definitely score high marks in the CBSE exams.

2. What will students learn from Class 5 EVS Chapter 21?

This chapter teaches students about family traits and  inheritance. Students will go through various  short narratives that will help them understand the traits, behaviours or habits we get from our family members. Sometimes  we pick up skills from our neighbourhood or environment.   Years later, disease  or old age might alter our abilities. All these factors build us who we are.