NCERT Solutions For Class 10 Geography Social Science Chapter 4 Agriculture


Project Work On an outline map of India show wheat producing areas.



Multiple choice questions. (i) Which one of the following describes a system of agriculture where a single crop is grown on a large area? (a) Shifting Agriculture (b) Plantation Agriculture (c) Horticulture (d) Intensive Agriculture (ii) Which one of the following is a rabi crop? (a) Rice (b) Gram (c) Millets (d) Cotton (iii) Which one of the following is a leguminous crop? (a) Pulses (b) Jawar (c) Millets (d) Sesamum


(i)  (b) Plantation Agriculture

(ii)  (b) Gram

(iii)  (a) Pulses


Solve the puzzle by following your search horizontally and vertically to find the hidden answers. 1. The two staple food crops of India. 2. This is the summer cropping season of India. 3. Pulses like arhar, moong, gram, urad contain… 4. It is a coarse grain. 5. The two important beverages in India are… 6. One of the four major fibers grown on black soils.


1. Rice and Wheat   2. Kharif                3. Protein

4. Jowar                 5. Coffee, Tea         6. Cotton


Answer the following questions in about 120 words. (i) Suggest the initiative taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production. (ii) Describe the impact of globalisation on Indian agriculture. (iii) Describe the geographical conditions required for the growth of rice.


(i) Various initiatives taken by the government to ensure the increase in agricultural production are:

  • Consolidation of land holdings
  • Abolition of Zamindari
  • Land Reform was the main focus of our ‘First Five Year Plan’.
  • The Green Revolution was initiated in India in the 1960's to increase food production.
  • The White Revolution or Operation Flood launched in 1970, which is a project of the National Dairy and  initiated to improve the lot of Indian agriculture.
  • Minimum Support Price policy and provision for crop insurance
  • Grameen Banks, Kissan Credit Card, and Personal Accident Insurance Scheme are also some of the reforms bought by Indian Government.

(ii) Raw cotton and spices were important export items from India during the colonial time. Indian farmers revolted in Champaran against the British government being forced to grow indigo in place of foodgrains in 1917. Thus, globalisation has had its boons and banes for Indian agriculture. Post liberalisation, after 1990s Indian farmers face new challenges in the form of competition from highly subsidised agriculture of developed nations. This prompts, the need for making Indian agriculture successful and profitable by improving the conditions of small and marginal farmers, countering the negative effects of Green Revolution, developing and promoting organic farming, bio-technology in food production and diversifying cropping pattern from cereals to high-value crops.

(iii) The geographical conditions required for growth of rice are as follows:

  • It is a kharif crop and requires hot and humid climate for cultivation.
  • Temperature above 25°C and high humidity with annual rainfall above 100 cm are favourable for growth of rice.
  • Rich alluvial soils of the floodplains and deltaic areas are ideal for rice cultivation.
  • Cheap labour as most of the farming involves manual labour.
  • Rice requires abundant rainfall or good water supply through irrigation during its growing season in June-July.




Answer the following questions in 30 words. (i) Name one important beverage crop and specify the geographical conditions required for its growth. (ii) Name one staple crop of India and the regions where it is produced. (iii) Enlist the various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government in the interest of farmers. (iv) The land under cultivation has got reduced day by day. Can you imagine its consequences?


(i) Tea is an important beverage crop. This grows well in tropical or sub tropical climates, and deep and fertile well-drained soil, which is rich in humus and organic matter. Tea bushes require warm and moist frost-free climate all throughout the year.

(ii) Rice is a staple food crop of India. It grows in the plains of north and north-east India, coastal areas and the deltaic regions. It is also grown with the help of irrigation in Punjab, Haryana, and western Uttar Pradesh.

(iii) The various institutional reform programmes introduced by the government for the benefit of farmers are:

  • Minimum Support Price policy
  • Crop insurance against drought, flood, fire etc.
  • Subsidy on power and fertilisers
  • Kissan Credit Card and Personal Accident Insurance Scheme

(iv) A declining area of land under cultivation coupled with increasing population have many consequences. These are:

  • Food shortage
  • Unemployment and loss of livelihood for farmers
  • Rise in price of food grains
  • Shortage of supply of raw material for agro-industries
  • Adverse affect on agricultural export

Benefits of NCERT Solutions

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 contain immensely significant points and for every chapter, each concept is simplified so that it turns out to be easy to remember that expands the odds of scoring commendably in the board exams. NCERT Solutions for class 10 by Extramarks is the best reference material for test preparation. Given below are a couple of points about how these solutions help in exam preparation.
1. It helps students practice loads of questions from every chapter which encourages them to make their concepts more grounded..

2. NCERT Solutions for Class 10 encourages you to upgrade your knowledge and clear your concepts with the goal that you can score well in your exams.

3. These solutions are the best examination materials to know your weak and strong points. It is essential to work on your weak points to score well in the exams. 

4. Most of the questions in exams are asked in a similar arrangement from NCERT textbooks. Hence, students should altogether revise every chapter’s solution to get a good command in subjects

Tips & Strategies for Class 10 Exam Preparation

1. Make a timetable to complete your syllabus and make time for revision.

2. Refer to NCERT Solutions given on the Extramarks website to clear your concepts anytime while preparing for your exams.

3. Start studying with the help of Extramarks – The Learning App to pass your exams with flying colours. It provides complete study material with solved and unsolved papers.

4. It is important to clear all your doubts before the exam with your teachers or Alex (an AI studybot).

5. While reading or learning a chapter, make sure to make notes with algorithms, formulas, theorems, etc., and study them for a quick revision before exams.

6. Practice an ample number of question papers to make your concepts stronger.

7. Take rest and a proper meal. Don’t stress too much.

Why opt for Extramarks NCERT Solutions for Class 10 ?

Extramarks provide NCERT Solutions for all subjects at your fingertips. These solutions are designed by subject matter experts and provide solutions to every NCERT textbook questions. Extramarks especially focuses on making learning interactive, effective and for all classes. We provide free NCERT Solutions for class 10 and all other classes

Frequently Asked Questions

How to use NCERT Solutions for scoring in class 10 Maths CBSE Board Exams?

NCERT 10 solutions for math are in-depth solutions written in very basic and simple language which makes them easy to understand. It gives sufficient study material to practice with to the students which the latter can use for practicing for board exams. Extramarks website has NCERT solutions for all classes that can be used by students of different classes. These solutions can be accessed by visiting the footer section of the website. Prepare notes and learn from NCERT solutions, go through them thoroughly before the exam, and practice with the questions that crop up in NCERT solutions.

Do you provide solutions for All subjects for class 10 CBSE?

Yes, Extramarks website has NCERT solutions for class 10 along with all other classes of CBSE listed on the footer section. These solutions have been prepared by top faculty members who have years of experience and expertise in teaching CBSE students.

Why are the NCERT solutions Important for Class 10?

 Extramarks class 10 NCERT solutions are crucial for board preparation for students. These solutions are given in a simple language which makes it easy to understand for all and it proves to be the basis for board examination which further helps the students in understanding the extensive study material. Class 10 NCERT solutions focus on fundamental clarity of the concepts which further helping in clearing all doubts and helping students achieve concept clarity. NCERT solutions provide enough practice and study material to students that they can use to test their knowledge

Will NCERT solutions of Class 10th be good enough to prepare for the Class 10 Board exams?

Yes, class 10 solutions (NCERT) are sufficient to prepare for class 10 board exams. NCERT solutions are simple and easy to understand written in a way that is appealing to students. NCERT solutions form the basis of examination of class 10 board so they prove to be a sufficient solution which also gives enough study material to practice with to students. Different types of NCERT solutions help students prepare for the exam through varied formats and provide them concept clarity.

Do I need to use textbook solutions other than NCERT solutions for Class 10 exam prep

Class 10 CBSE NCERT solutions are sufficient to prepare for board exams but if you want to test your knowledge and would like to browse more solutions then you can use textbook solutions to prepare for the exam. Although the NCERT solutions are enough for preparing for the exam, you can check out the solved and unsolved sample papers along with textbook solutions from Extramarks - The Learning App and website

Start Your
7-Days Free Trial
and experience it yourself
Start Trial
Play StoreApp Store
Flying Girl
A subscription
that’s worth your
Get the best classroom experience on
India’s leading learning platform

in touch

Have a query about our services?
Get in touch with us and we will
guide you through a new world of
redefined learning