Sodium Nitrite Formula
Sodium Nitrite Formula
The chemical element sodium has the symbol Na. The Sodium Nitrite Formula is NaNO2. It has a number of 11 atoms. The Sodium Nitrite Formula is a member of the periodic table’s first group. It belongs to the same family of alkali metals as lithium and potassium. It is a highly reactive, silvery-white, soft, and combustible metal. Furthermore, it is an electrolyte that aids in maintaining the proper balance of water inside and around your cells. It is necessary for healthy neuron and muscle function. Chemically speaking, nitrogen is represented by the letter N. It has a 7-atomic weight. The Sodium Nitrite Formula is a non-metal and the lightest element in the periodic table’s 15th group. It is a flavourless, tasteless, and colourless substance. The element that is most prevalent in the atmosphere of Earth is nitrogen.
Structure Of Sodium Nitrite
An alkali sodium atom is joined to the nitrite anion in this form, which Lewis theorises is more stable and allows for the possibility of a two-resonance hybrid structure.
Preparation Of Sodium Nitrite
There are numerous methods for creating the Sodium Nitrite Formula.
Nitrous acid and sodium hydroxide can be combined to create sodium nitrite.
N2O3 + 2 NaOH = 2 NaNO2 + H2O
The Sodium Nitrite Formula will also be produced by the thermal reduction of sodium nitrate with calcium sulphite.
CaSO3 + NaNO3 = CaSO2 + CaSO4
Another technique includes heating sodium nitrate with carbon while also including calcium or sodium oxides.
Sodium Nitrite Properties
Sodium Nitrite appears white crystalline solid. The Sodium Nitrite Formula is NaNO2. Its melting point is 271 °C. Its boiling point is over 320 °C. It is 2.17 g/cm3 dense. The molar mass of Sodium Nitrite is 68.9953 g/mol. It is soluble in water.
Physical Properties Of Sodium Nitrite
- 68.9953 g/mol is the molecular weight of the Sodium Nitrite Formula.
- 2.17 g/cm3 is its density.
- It has a 115 °C boiling point.
- It has a 271 °C melting point.
Chemical Properties Of Sodium Nitrite
- NaNO2 is the Sodium Nitrite Formula.
- It has a weak oxidising effect.
- In an aqueous solution, sodium nitrite and sodium chloroacetone will combine to form nitromethane.
- NaNO2 + ClCH2COONa + H2O ⇢ CH3NO2 + NaCl + NaHCO3.
Uses Of Sodium Nitrite
- It serves as a food preservative and cyanide poisoning treatment.
- It is a typical preservative used in items made from cured pork.
- Furthermore, it serves as a human poison for the control of wild boars.
- It is in charge of giving the meat its beautiful red colour.
Harmful Effects Of Sodium Nitrite
- When inhaled, the Sodium Nitrite Formula can cause harm, and it can also be absorbed via the skin.
- It may result in stomach pain, diarrhoea, or nausea.
- Skin and eyes may become irritated by it.
- It turns the lips and skin blue and gives you a headache, weariness, and vertigo.
- It can irritate the throat and nose when inhaled.
- Extremely high exposure levels might result in respiratory problems and possibly death.
Safety Measures For Sodium Nitrite
The following safety measures must be taken in using sodium nitrite:
- Read and comprehend each safety measure.
- Stay away from environmental release.
- Limit contact with the skin and eyes.
- Put on a pair of safety glasses and gloves.
- After handling, carefully wash your hands.
- When using it, avoid eating, drinking, and smoking.
- Keep out of children’s and animals’ reach.
- What occurs if sodium nitrite is used in excess?
Diseases like non-Hodgkin lymphoma, leukaemia, oesophagal, pancreatic, bladder, and thyroid cancer may result from an excessive intake of the chemical. It might harm your blood vessels, increasing the likelihood that your arteries will stiffen and constrict, developing heart disease.
2. Is sodium nitrite safe to consume?
It is a poisonous toxin that can be lethal to humans at high doses. Abstract strong oxidizer sodium nitrite lowers blood pressure and prevents oxygen from being transported and delivered throughout the body by causing methaemoglobin to develop. Cyanosis, hypoxia, altered consciousness, dysrhythmias, and death are all results of it.