Zinc Sulfide Formula

Zinc Sulfide Formula

Chemically, the Zinc Sulfide Formula, sometimes known as zinc sulphide, has the formula ZnS. This is the most prevalent type of Zinc Sulfide Formula that can be found in nature, and it is primarily found in the mineral sphalerite. Despite the fact that it is typically black due to various impurities, the pure material is white and is frequently used as a pigment. In its thick synthetic form, Zinc Sulfide Formula can be transparent and is used as a window for optical systems that use both visible light and infrared light.

Structure of Zinc Sulphide

ZnS, the Zinc Sulfide Formula has two major crystalline forms, and its dualism is an effective example of polymorphism. Each variant of the coordination geometry at Zn and S is tetrahedral. Another term for the more stable cubic form of the Zinc Sulfide Formula is sphalerite or zinc blende. The hexagonal form is known by the mineral name wurtzite, which can also be produced synthetically. The transition from sphalerite to wurtzite occurs at about 1020 °C. The exceedingly unusual mineral Polhemus site, with the chemical formula (Zn, Hg)S, also exists in tetragonal form.


  1. Slag, pickle liquors, and waste products from smelters are the most common sources of Zinc Sulfide Formula production.
  2. When ammonia is made from methane, Zinc Sulfide Formula is also produced as a byproduct. In other words, zinc sulphide is created during the process when zinc oxide is utilized to scavenge the hydrogen sulphide impurities contained in natural gas. The reaction’s chemical formula is,


Properties Of Zinc Sulfide

Students can find detailed notes on the properties of the Zinc Sulfide Formula on the Extramarks website and mobile application. For additional information on the same, students can register themselves on the Extramarks website and mobile application to enjoy timely updates on the syllabus and study materials pertaining to the CBSE norms.

Physical properties:

  1. White is the colour of the pure Zinc Sulfide Formula. Because of the impurities present, Zinc Sulfide Formula, a naturally occurring mineral, appears black.
  2. It dissolves little in water or is completely insoluble in water.
  3. The melting point of zinc sulphide is high, roughly equal to 2123 K.
  4. Zinc Sulfide Formula has a density of 4.090 g/cm3.
  5. Certain activated forms of zinc sulphide (containing less of some elements) can display luminescence, fluorescence, and phosphorescence.

Chemical properties:

  • Response to Oxygen

When oxygen and Zinc Sulfide Formula are heated together, zinc oxide and sulphur dioxide are produced.

  • Hydrochloric Acid Reaction

When Zinc Sulfide Formula and weak hydrochloric acid combine, zinc chloride and hydrogen sulphide are produced.


Water cannot dissolve ZnS, yet ZnS is also denser than water. Zinc Sulfide Formula naturally occurs as the sphalerite-like zinc blend mineral. When sphalerite crystallises, it turns a greyish-white colour. It contains both iron and zinc sulphide. Zinc Sulfide Formula can be created by burning a mixture of zinc and sulphur. It is available as white or yellow-white crystals. Insoluble ZnS precipitates when zinc sulphate combines with sodium sulphide or hydrogen sulphide gas while being passed through a Zn2+ solution. The Zinc Sulfide Formula has a wide range of uses because of its bright quality.

Uses of ZnS

The following are just a few uses for Zinc Sulfide Formula:

  • Zinc Sulfide Formula is a material that glows when activated with the right activator. This trait comes in handy in a number of circumstances. For instance, cathode ray tubes use it as a phosphor.
  • Zinc Sulfide Formula is used in numerous decorative and electrical applications due to its phosphorescence.
  • In the infrared range, it can be used as an optical material. In other words, it can be used as a planar optical window or shaped into a lens.
  • Paints, rubber, and plastics can all benefit from the pigment known as Zinc Sulfide Formula. The zinc sulphide pigment sachtolith is commonly used.
Chemistry Related Formulas
Sodium Bromide Formula Tungstic Acid Formula
Acetonitrile Formula Tin Iv Chloride Formula
Acetamide Formula Butan 1 Ol Formula
Zinc Acetate Formula Carbonous Acid Formula
Thiourea Formula Chromium III Sulfate Formula
Theoretical Yield Formula Mercury Ii Nitrate Formula
Barium Sulfate Formula Selenic Acid Formula
Carbonate Ion Formula Urethane Formula
Cinnamic Acid Formula Tris Formula
Condensed Structural Formula Strontium Sulfate Formula

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Is Zinc Sulfide a hazardous material?

The answer is that zinc-containing vapours can cause metal fume fever. Sulfides have the capacity to irritate the skin. Hydrogen sulphide is poisonous, repulsive, and combustible if it is produced. Conjunctivitis, headaches, nausea, dizziness, coughing, pulmonary oedema, and even death are a few of the harmful consequences.

2. How should the formula for zinc sulphide be written?

The chemical combination of zinc and sulphur is called zinc sulphide. It contains zinc (Zn2+) and sulphide (S2-) radicals. Both the zinc radical and the sulphide radical have a valency of two. By crossing the valency values, one may obtain the formula for zinc sulphide, ZnS. For more information, students can refer to the Extramarks educational website.