Potassium Bicarbonate Formula
Potassium Bicarbonate (KHCO3)
The formula for potassium bicarbonate is KHCO3. The potassium cation (K+) is combined with the bicarbonate anion (HCO3-).The chemical element potassium has the symbol P. The atomic number of potassium is 19, and the electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6 4s1. The metal has a silvery-white colour. Many foods naturally contain this intracellular cation, which is the most abundant intracellular cation. As a mineral and salt, it is found naturally. In addition to potassium carbonate, potassium bicarbonate, potassium chloride, potassium sulfate, and potassium oxide, potassium compounds can also be found in nature. The chemical element hydrogen has the symbol H. Hydrogen has an atomic number of 1 and an electron configuration of 1s1. There is no element on earth that is more abundant than hydrogen. The gas is colorless, odorless, and tasteless. There is a molecular form of it in nature. The chemical compound carbon has the letter C. It has an atomic number of 6 and an electron configuration of 1s2 2s2 2p2. It is life’s basic building block, it is one of the fundamental non-metallic elements. The chemical element oxygen has the symbol O. It has an atomic number of 8 and an electron configuration of 1s2 2s2 2p4. Chalcogen is a member of the periodic table’s chalcogen group. 21% of the atmosphere is composed of this odorless, colourless, and tasteless gas. In respiration, it plays a crucial role.
What is Potassium Bicarbonate?
The chemical formula of potassium bicarbonate is KHCO3. Salty, crystalline, and slightly alkaline, it has a white crystallization. A potassium cation (K+) and a bicarbonate anion (HNO3-) combine to form this alkaline mineral. A potassium deficiency can be treated with potassium bicarbonate. The drug is used to prevent and treat low blood potassium levels. In addition to potassium hydrogen carbonate, potassium acid carbonate is also known as potassium hydroxide carbonate. Nathan Read, a stream engineer in Massachusetts, invented it in 1788.
Potassium Bicarbonate Structure
K+ and HCO3– ions form an ionic bond in Potassium Bicarbonate Formula molecules. Carbonic acid undergoes deprotonation to form the bicarbonate ion. The central carbon atom of this polyatomic ion is chemically bonded to three oxygen atoms. There is a hydrogen atom bonded to one of these oxygen atoms. As a result of resonance, the negative charge of magnitude -1 is delocalized through the remaining oxygen atoms. First used in the nineteenth century, “saleratus” refers to both Potassium Bicarbonate Formula and sodium bicarbonate.
Potassium Bicarbonate Preparation
In its manufacture, potassium carbonate is treated with carbon dioxide in an aqueous solution:
K2CO3 + CO2 + H2O → 2 KHCO3
The bicarbonate decomposes between 100 and 120 °C (212 and 248 °F):
2 KHCO3 → K2CO3 + CO2 + H2O
Preparation of high purity potassium carbonate is carried out by this reaction.
Properties of KHCO3
Baking uses this compound as a source of carbon dioxide for leavening. Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate) can be substituted for it in low-sodium diets, and it is an ingredient in low-sodium baking powders.
Since it is inexpensive, non-toxic, and widely used as a reagent or to regulate pH, it is widely used in diverse applications. A buffering agent is used in medications, and an additive is used in winemaking.
Potassium Bicarbonate Formula improves the taste and softens the effervescence of club soda.
- The density of the material is 2.17 grams per cubic centimetre
- The boiling point of this substance is 333.6 °C
- The melting point of this metal is 292 °C
- The chemical formula of Potassium Bicarbonate Formula is KHCO3
- The substance is white, crystalline, slightly alkaline, and salty.
- Potassium Bicarbonate Formula decomposes between 100 and 120 °C. As a result of this reaction, water, carbon dioxide, and potassium carbonate are produced.
2 KHCO3 ⇢ K2CO3 + CO2 + H2O
- The reaction between Potassium Bicarbonate Formula and sulfuric acid produces potassium sulphate and carbon dioxide.
2 KHCO3 + H2SO4 ⇢ K2SO4 + 2 CO2 + 2 H2O
What are the Uses of Potassium Bicarbonate?
- The use of Potassium Bicarbonate Formula is used to prevent and treat low blood potassium levels.
- Antacid properties make it useful.
- Electrolyte replenishment is achieved by using it.
- Potassium supplements are made from it.
- As an excipient, it can also be used in drug formulations.
- In baking, it is used as a source of carbon dioxide.
- Baking soda can be substituted for it.
- Low sodium baking powder contains it.
- As a fire suppression agent, it is used.
- Acidic soils are neutralised with it, especially in crops.
- Potassium Bicarbonate Formula is used as a fire suppression agent (“BC dry chemical”) in some dry chemical fire extinguishers, as the primary component of Purple-K dry chemical, and in some applications of condensed aerosol fire suppression. It is the only dry chemical firefighting agent recognised by the NFPA for use at airport crash rescue sites. Sodium bicarbonate is about twice as effective at suppressing fires as potassium bicarbonate.
Potassium Bicarbonate Formula is widely used by crops, especially to neutralise acidic soil. For organic farming, it is an effective fungicide against powdery mildew and apple scab. When mixed 1/4 cup per gallon, Potassium Bicarbonate Formula kills Spanish moss.