Sodium Peroxide Formula
Sodium peroxide Formula
An element in Chemistry is sodium (Na) with the Sodium Peroxide Formula Na2O2. A metal that is alkaline. Its periodic table includes the atomic number 11. It is a metal that is quite reactive. It is silvery-white in colour and very silky. The chemical element with atomic number 8 in the periodic table is oxygen (O). It is a highly reactive non-metal and oxidant that effortlessly creates oxides with the majority of elements as well as with other substances.
A chemical substance that is inorganic is sodium peroxide. It is a result of both oxygen and salt. It has a golden hue and a powerful base. It is also referred to as Solozone, Disodium dioxide, and Flocool. It can be found as hydrates and peroxy hydrates, such as Na2SO4∙10H2O, Na2CO3∙10H2O, and others.
Sodium peroxide Formula Structure
Sodium peroxide has a hexagonal structure and crystallinity. Na2O2 is the Sodium Peroxide Formula.
Preparation of Sodium Peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide can be used to process sodium hydroxide to create the octahydrate.
At temperatures between 130 and 200 °C, metallic sodium reacts with oxygen to produce sodium peroxide, which is then produced on a huge scale. It is a procedure that produces sodium oxide, a different stage that takes in oxygen:
2 Na2O + O2 → 2 Na2O2
4 Na+O2 = 2 Na2O
Ozone gas can also be used to create it by flowing over solid sodium iodide inside a palladium or platinum tube. The sodium will be oxidised by the ozone, resulting in sodium peroxide. Mild heating can sublimate the iodine. The reaction is catalysed by palladium or platinum, which sodium peroxide does not damage.
Properties Of Sodium peroxide Formula
The crystal structure of the sodium peroxide compound is hexagonal. The Sodium Peroxide Formula is Na2O2. The hexagonal shape enters a phase of transition into an unidentified symmetry around 512 degrees Celsius. When heated above the boiling point of 657 °C, the mixture decomposes to Na2O by emitting O2.
2 Na2O2 → 2 Na2O + O2
Physical properties of Sodium Peroxide
- The Sodium Peroxide Formula has a molecular mass of 77.98 g/mol.
- The Sodium Peroxide Formula has a density of 2.805 g/cm3.
- The Sodium Peroxide Formula has a melting point of 460 °C.
- The Sodium Peroxide Formula has a boiling point of 657 °C.
- The powder ranges from yellow to white.
- It is insoluble in base but soluble in water, ethanol, and acid.
- Sodium peroxide has a magnetic susceptibility () of 28.10*10-6 cm3/mol.
Chemical Properties of Sodium Peroxide
At 512 °C, sodium peroxide undergoes a shift from its hexagonal shape to its liquid state, and at temperatures over its boiling point of 657 °C, the chemical breaks down into Na2O and releases oxygen.
2Na2O + O2 = 2Na2O2
According to the reaction, the Sodium Peroxide Formula reacts with water to produce sodium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide.
H2O2 + 2NaOH = Na2O2 + 2H2O
Sodium carbonate and oxygen are produced when sodium peroxide and carbon dioxide combine.
Uses of Sodium Peroxide
According to the reaction, the Sodium Peroxide Formula hydrolyses to produce sodium hydroxide and hydrogen peroxide:
Na2O2 + 2H2O → 2NaOH + H2O2
For the purpose of producing wood pulp for textile and paper, sodium peroxide was utilised. These days, it is mostly utilised for specific laboratory tasks. Taking the extraction of minerals from various ores as an illustration. Flocool and Solozone are two brand names for sodium peroxide. In chemistry preparations, sodium peroxide can be employed as an oxidising agent. In addition, it produces oxygen and sodium carbonate when it reacts with carbon dioxide:
2Na2O2 + 2CO2 → 2Na2CO3 + O2
This makes it particularly handy for submarines, scuba equipment, and other devices. Uses for sodium peroxide exist.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Is it possible to neutralise sodium peroxide?
Any acid and manganese dioxide can neutralise sodium peroxide. This converts the acid to its sodium salt and oxygen.
HCl + Na2O2 = 2NaCl + H2 + O2.
2. Is sodium peroxide used as an oxidising agent?
Yes, sodium peroxide is employed as a potent oxidiser. As sodium and an oxygen atom make up sodium peroxide. The oxidation number is one, and it can go from one to zero. Therefore, a strong oxidising agent is defined as an element that can undergo reduction, which lowers the oxidation number.