Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula

Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula

Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula is K2HPO4. It is an inorganic compound. It is frequently utilised in conjunction with monopotassium phosphate (KH2PO4.(H2O)x) as a buffer, food ingredient, and fertiliser. Furthermore, it is soluble in water solid that is white or colourless. Its commercial production involves neutralising phosphoric acid partially with two equivalents of potassium chloride. Dipotassium Phosphate and Potassium Phosphate Dibasic are alternate names for Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula.

Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula is made up of potassium, hydrogen, phosphorus, and oxygen. Present in group 1 of the periodic table, potassium is a delicate silvery-white metal. It has the atomic number 19 and is denoted by the symbol K. Hydrogen is the lightest, colourless, tasteless, and flammable gas. It has an atomic number of 1 and is denoted by the symbol H. Group 15 of the periodic table contains the highly reactive non-metal phosphorus. It has the atomic number 15 and is denoted by the symbol P. The chalcogen group, or group-16, contains extremely reactive non-metal oxygen. It has an atomic number of 8 and is denoted by the symbol O. Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula is regarded as a safe food additive because it is not harmful. However, excessive potassium salt consumption can lead to an electrolyte imbalance and a number of symptoms, including nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, stomach pain, and poor nutrient absorption.

Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Properties

Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula manifests as a solid white crystalline shape.  It does not smell. Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula has a melting point that is higher than 465 °C.  It has a molecular mass of 174.2 g/mol. Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula has a density of 2.44 g/cm3. It is water-soluble. Hydrogen chloride and potassium hydrogen phosphate combine to produce phosphoric acid and potassium chloride. Disodium hydrogen phosphate, tripotassium phosphate, and water are produced when Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula interacts with the sodium hydroxide base.

Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Chemical Structure

The compound Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula is made up of two potassium cations (K+) and one phosphate anion (HPO4-2) with one hydroxyl group (OH), one double-bonded oxygen atom, and two single-bonded oxygen atoms linked to the phosphorous atom.

Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Uses

Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula is used as a food additive in starter cultures, dry powder drinks, and imitation dairy creamers. It has emulsifying, stabilising, and texturising properties. It also acts as a buffer and chelating agent, particularly for the calcium in milk products. The United States Food and Drug Administration classifies dipotassium phosphate as a food additive as generally recognised as safe (GRAS). Due to its great water solubility and ability to provide growing plants with a significant amount of phosphorous, potassium hydrogen phosphate is used in fertilisers. It is used to raise milk’s pH level, which raises the micellar net charge. The competitive displacement of calcium by sodium in the micelles is accomplished using potassium hydrogen phosphate. It is utilised in the pharmaceutical industry. It is used as a source of electrolytes. Furthermore, it is used while processing paper. It is used in nutrition for yeast. Pasta and macaroni are made with potassium hydrogen phosphate. Additionally, it is a component of meat, canned sauces, evaporated milk, and some chocolates. In some varieties of cheese, it acts as an emulsifier. When used as a food preservative, potassium hydrogen phosphate is very helpful in stopping coagulation. On the market for non-dairy creamers, it is typically utilised as a buffering agent. In our bodies, phosphorus helps to improve the preservation, repair, and restoration of strong bones and teeth.

Sample Questions

It is crucial to practice sample questions on Potassium Hydrogen Phosphate Formula that can help in understanding the concepts related to it. A number of sample questions are available on the Extramarks website and mobile application for practice.

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