Sodium Cyanide Formula

Sodium Cyanide Formula

Water reacts vigorously with sodium, a soft metal that tarnishes when exposed to the atmosphere. Since it causes tremors, soot, and dust when exposed to air, it is never found as a metallic material in nature. Salt, which is primarily sodium chloride, evaporates readily. Electrolysis is used to obtain sodium metal from salt. In terms of sodium production, China is one of the leading countries.

What is Sodium Cyanide?

Sodium Cyanide is a very toxic chemical that is utilised as a test reagent in medical and pharmaceutical experiments.

The chemical element sodium has the SI unit of molecule per kg and is a silver-white metal with great reactivity. In the periodic table, sodium belongs to group 1 as a low-volatile alkali metal. A single stable isotope of sodium exists, 23Na. Since sodium chloride is reactive, it is only found in nature as the compound sodium chloride or as the raw gaseous allotrope. A majority of the sodium on Earth is found in the form of sodium chloride in dolomite, gypsum, and nopal cactus, among other silicate minerals. Since free metal is a product of industry, it can be stored, purified, and/or manufactured. The majority of the elements dissolved in the seas are sodium salts, which are very water-soluble.

Preparation of Sodium Cyanide:

HCN + NaOH → NaCN + H2O

Sodium Chloride has a molecular weight of 46 g/mol

Physical Properties of Sodium Cyanide:

  • The density of the Sodium Cyanide Formula is equal to a 1.88g/dm3
  • The boiling point of the Sodium Cyanide Formula is 21.15° C.
  • Sodium Cyanide Formula smells like faint Almond.
  • The sodium Cyanide Formula has a refractive index of 1.45.

Chemical properties of Sodium Cyanide:

  1. Sodium Cyanide Formula is the salt of an acidic solution and is a chemical compound with the formula NaCNO.It consists of dark, brittle, and tan crystals.
  2. Sodium Cyanide Formula is easily hydrolysed to form highly toxic hydrogen cyanide gas.
  3. Sodium Cyanide Formula can ingest water from the environment and begin delivering hydrogen cyanide gas, making it profoundly hazardous.
  4. Sodium Cyanide Formula when swallowed, sodium cyanide can react with water and form hydrogen cyanide gas.

Structure of Sodium Cyanide:

Sodium Cyanide Formula is NaCN.

Uses of Sodium Cyanide:

  1. Sodium Cyanide Formula is used in farming synthetic compounds.
  2. Sodium Cyanide Formula is used in the production of colours.
  3. Sodium Cyanide Formula is used in mining factories.
  4. Sodium Cyanide Formula is used in cleaning metals.
  5. Sodium Cyanide Formula is used in making synthesised nitriles.
  6. Sodium Cyanide Formula is used in the creation of the electroplating arrangement.
  7. Sodium Cyanide Formula is used in the extraction of gold.

For more information regarding uses of Sodium Cyanide, students can visit the Extramarks educational portal.

Sample Questions

How is gold extracted using the Sodium Cyanide Formula?

4Au + 8NaCN + O2 + 2 H2O → 4 Na[Au(CN)2] + 4 NaOH.

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