NCERT Solutions Class 8 Social Science Resources And Development Chapter 1

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1: Resources

Chapter 1 – Resources is an introductory chapter in Geography Class 8. The chapter covers various resources and other development activities. It broadly describes the relationship between resources and the development of existential creatures on Earth. 

While studying for examinations, the NCERT textbook might be challenging to refer to. The concepts might feel complex to remember and understand. Hence, a good solution book and notes will help students learn adequately. Instead of mugging up answers and concepts, it is essential to comprehend the meaning. This will ultimately help to write answers well and in a structured manner. 

Extramarks’ is a go-to online learning platform for lakhs of students. Our subject experts have done extensive research in preparing NCERT Solutions and chapter-wise notes.

Our NCERT Solutions are well framed as per the latest CBSE guidelines. By studying from NCERT Solutions , students will learn about  its importance in our lives and how to conserve them. The solutions consist of a variety of questions and their solved answers.

Key Topics Covered In NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1

The primary topics covered under NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 are broadly around resources, types of resources and the need for resource conservation. Students will get to learn about man-made and natural resources and the current state of availability of these resources.

Below we have given a brief description of a few of the important topics covered in the chapter.

Division of natural resources on Earth:

Over the Earth’s entire surface, different factors exist on different parts. This variation gives rise to different resources present there. The distribution of resources depends on factors like altitude, climate, area and terrain of the region. Hence, due to these factors, the resources are distributed unequally on the surface of  Earth. 

Resource conservation:

Resources are accessible, sustainable, and feasible materials available in our environment. Resource conservation is a phenomenon where the resources are appropriately utilised and are maintained to renew again for subsequent consumption. It includes protecting resources like minerals, trees, water, wildlife species, etc. Resource conservation follows the rule of “achieving more with less”. It can be conceptualised as human management to deal with natural resources adequately. 

Sustainable development:

With a growing population, resources available in the environment are extensively used, and if not mindfully consumed, they might go extinct. Hence to avoid this, sustainable development balances and conserves at the same time. Sustainable development means using resources wisely without causing any damage to the environment by considering the needs of future generations or for any other reason. Hence, a proper balance is needed between using the resources presently and conserving them for future generations. Many cultures have followed these practices in the past to protect resources and maintain the economic and natural balance. The marked fields to manage are economic, environmental and social. 

Man-made resources:

Resources that do not originate from nature but are crafted by humans are termed as man-made resources. These resources include plastic, rubber, brass and many others. Any resource that needs human intervention to be produced, comes under man-made resources. The resources/objects available under this head are used for daily utility & provide value to our lives. These resources are nothing but natural resources converted into accessible and more valuable forms. 

Importance of human resources:

Humans create human resources to maximise their utility and access. These resources help to make the best use to get any work done. Human resources help enhance the properties of existing resources & create new ones equipped with modern technology and knowledge. 

All aspects of the chapter Resources are covered in depth in our NCERT Solutions. Students are advised to refer to these chapter specific study resources available on the Extramarks’ website for more detailed information. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1: Exercise and Answer Solutions

The subject needs a thorough learning of the concepts to understand them. It might not be easy to study only from the NCERT textbook. Many students rely on NCERT solutions  as their online study companion. The Extramarks’ study material consist of detailed chapter notes and topic explanations, solved textbook exercise questions, and revision notes. They also consist of some tips and tricks to remember the topics altogether. 

Students may click on the below links to access the study materials with question and answer solutions:

  • NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 1: Exercise 1.1
  • NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 1: Exercise 1.2
  • NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 1: Exercise 1.3
  • NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 1: Exercise 1.4
  • NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 1: Exercise 1.5
  • NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 1: Exercise 1.6
  • NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 1: Exercise 1.7
  • NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter 1: Exercise 1.8

Along with NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1, Extramarks’ also provide solutions for all subjects of all classes. If you are preparing for CBSE/State Board examinations or competitive examinations like JEE or NEET, then you are at the right place. Click on the below links to find the respective Solutions:

Key Features of NCERT Solutions For Class 8 Geography Chapter 1

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 are here to help students score better marks by understanding the topic well. By referring to NCERT Solutions, students get access to all compiled resources proven helpful in Examination preparations. 

  • Subject experts prepare all notes and Solutions at Extramarks’. 
  • The study material at Extramarks’ is the most reliable resource available on the internet. 
  • The Solutions are written precisely and to the point. 
  • Latest guidelines by CBSE are followed in the preparation of solutions.. 
  • The Solutions have been segregated according to the marking scheme and the importance of questions/topics for Examination purpose. 
  • The Solutions are written in simple and easy-to-understand language. 
  • The concepts are well explained with visual diagrams and tables.  
  • Students can find the correct approach to write answers in a well-structured manner.
NCERT Solutions Class 8 (Geography – Resource and Development) Chapter-wise List
Chapter 1 – Resources
Chapter 2 – Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation and Wild Life Resources
Chapter 3 – Mineral and Power Resources
Chapter 4 – Agriculture
Chapter 5 – Industries
Chapter 6 – Human Resources

Q.1 Answer the following questions.

(i) Why are resources distributed unequally over the earth?

(ii) What is resource conservation?

(iii) Why are human resources important?

(iv) What is sustainable development?


(i)The distribution of natural resources depends upon number of physical factors like terrain, climate and altitude. Difference in these factors has resulted in unequal distribution of resources over the earth.

(ii)Using resources carefully, giving them time to get renewed and saving them for the future generations is called resource conservation.

(iii)Human resources are important because they can make the best use of nature to create more resources as they have the knowledge, skill and the technology to do so.Education and health help in making people a valuable resource.

(iv)Balancing the need to use resources and also conserving them for the future is called sustainable development.

Q.2 Tick the correct answer.

(i) Which one of the following does NOT make substance a resource?

(a) utility(b) value (c) quantity

(ii) Which one of the following is a human made resource? (a) medicines to treat cancer (b) spring water (c) tropical forests

(iii) Complete the statement. Non-renewable resources are (a) those which have limited stock (b) made by human beings (c) derived from non-living things


(i)(c) quantity☑

(ii)(a) medicines to treat cancer☑

(iii)(a) those which have limited stock☑

Q.3 Activity

“Rahiman paani raakhiye,

Bin paani sab soon.

Paani gaye na ubere

Moti, manus, choon…”

[Says Rahim, keep water, as without water there is nothing. Without water pearl, swan and dough cannot exist. ]These lines were written by the poet Abdur Rahim Khankhana, one of the nine gems of Akbar’s court.

What kind of resource is the poet referring to?

Write in 100 words what would happen if this resource disappeared?

Ans. The poet is referring to water as a precious resource in these lines.

Earth is known as blue planet because of presence of large quantity of water. Life is impossible without water. Water balances the entire ecosystem and makes the existence of plants, animals and humans possible on earth.Water is the most essential component of life and is vital for sustenance. All living bodies are made up of water, like human body is made up of two third of water.Water is available in different forms and is used for various purposes. It is used for irrigation in agriculture, for producing electricity, for transportation and for various domestic purposes.There are various resources present in the water bodies like food, minerals, etc.Thus, water in all its forms is the essential ingredient to life.If there will be no water, Earth will no longer remain a blue planet. Every living thing on earth would die, since water is a large component of all known living cells, every plant, animal, etc., would all desiccate completely, and crumble to dust. Life will totally disappear on earth.

So, it is rightly said:No water, no life. No blue, no green.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What key topics will be covered in Chapter 1 of Class 8 Geography?

  1. In Chapter 1 Resources, students will learn about both natural resources and human-made resources, their interdependencies, and the current status of these resources. Broadly, the topics will be covering: 
  1. Types of resources – Natural and Human-made resources
  2. The need for conservation of resources for sustainable development

Students can register on Extramarks’ website to get access to our NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1. Our experts have explained all the topics in depth which makes it easy for the students to understand and remember the notes for a longer duration.

2. Is Class 8 Geography Chapter 1 an easy chapter?

All the topics covered in Geography Chapter 1 Class 8 are simple and easy to understand if studied in the right way. The reference resources play an important role in a proper understanding of the subject. Students can log on to the Extramarks’ website and access all study material for all subjects. Students can refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Chapter 1, available on the Extramarks’ website, anytime from anywhere.

3. How beneficial is it for students to refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography?

By referring to NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography, students will be able to understand better and learn more about the concepts. It is advised to study from Solutions and notes to score well. However, students should first complete the full chapter from the NCERT textbook.