Important Questions for CBSE Class 12 Maths Chapter 3 – Matrices 2023-24

Important Questions For CBSE Class 12 Maths Chapter 3 – Matrices

Matrix is a powerful tool widely used in various branches of Maths. Chapter 3 of Class 12 Maths carries is important from an exam perspective. A comprehensive list of questions will help students focus on certain areas important from the exam point of view. However, students must prepare for all the subjects quickly before the exam. Therefore, subject matter experts have prepared a set of Important Questions Class 12 Maths Chapter 3 which will help them save their time and focus on more practice. These questions follow the CBSE pattern. Students can have a higher chance of scoring more marks by practising relevant questions provided by Extramarks.

Get Access to CBSE Class 12 Maths Important Questions for the Academic Year 2023-24

You can also find CBSE Class 12 Maths Important Questions Chapter-by-Chapter Important Questions here:

CBSE Class 12 Maths Important Questions
Sr No Chapter No Chapter Name
1 Chapter 1 Relations and Functions
2 Chapter 2 Inverse Trigonometric Functions
3 Chapter 3 Matrices
4 Chapter 4 Determinants
5 Chapter 5 Continuity and Differentiability
6 Chapter 6 Application of Derivatives
7 Chapter 7 Integrals
8 Chapter 8 Application of Integrals
9 Chapter 9 Differential Equations
10 Chapter 10 Vector Algebra
11 Chapter 11 Three Dimensional Geometry
12 Chapter 12 Linear Programming
13 Chapter 13 Probability

CBSE Class 12 Maths Chapter-3 Important Questions

Important Questions For CBSE Class 12 Maths Chapter 3 will help students learn the basics of matrices and solve more questions. The questions cover all the topics and help students revise the concepts crucial for calculations. Important Questions include the various types of matrices, their addition, subtraction and multiplication. This chapter is important, so students must understand the concepts well and solve more questions. Important Questions on Matrices will help students obtain more marks in the exam.

Class 12 Maths Chapter 3 Matrices

Matrix in maths refers to a set of numbers, either real or complex, arranged in a rectangular array. The numbers arranged here are enclosed ‘()’ or ‘||’. There are a few types of metrics a student of maths should know about.

Types Of Matrices

    1. Row Matrix: A Row Matrix is a matrix having only one row and any number of columns.
  • Column Matrix: A matrix is said to be a Column Matrix if it has any number of rows but only one column.
  • Horizontal Matrix: A matrix is called a Horizontal Matrix if the number of rows is lower than the number of columns.
  • Vertical Matrix: In a Vertical Matrix the number of rows is higher than the number of columns.
  • Scalar Matrix: A Scalar Matrix is a special type of Square Matrix where all the diagonal elements are equal and all the non-diagonal elements are zero.
  • Square Matrix: A matrix which has an equal number of rows and columns is called a Square Matrix.
  • Rectangular Matrix: In a Rectangular Matrix, the number of rows and columns are not equal.
  • Diagonal Matrix: A Square Matrix is said to be a Diagonal Matrix if all of its non-diagonal elements are zero.
  • Null/Zero Matrix: As the name suggests, the elements in a Null/Zero Matrix are all zero.
  • Principal Diagonal Of A Matrix: In a Square Matrix, the straight path connecting the first diagonal element of the topmost row to the last element of the lowest row is called the Principal Diagonal of a Matrix.
  • Identity/Unit Matrix: In a Square Matrix if all the diagonal elements are 1 and all the non-diagonal elements are zero, then it is called Identity/Unit Matrix.
  • Singular Matrix: When the determinant of a Square Matrix is zero, then that matrix is called a Singular Matrix. If |A| = 0, it is a singular matrix. If |A| ≠ 0, it is a non-singular matrix.
  • Equal Matrix: Two matrices are said to be equal if they have the same order and equal corresponding elements.

Matrix Algebra

In this section, students will learn to perform certain operations on matrices, such as multiplication of matrices by scalar, addition and subtraction of matrices.

Matrix Multiplication By Scalar

If A = [aij]mxn (where m x n is the size of the matrix) and k is a scalar quantity which is to be multiplied to A, the result of the multiplication is obtained when all the elements of A are multiplied by k.

Therefore, kA = [kaij]mxn .

Matrix Addition

Addition of two matrices is performed by adding the corresponding elements of the matrices provided that both the matrices have the same number of rows and same number of columns.

Therefore, if A = ajkmxn and B = bjkmxn 

Then, A + B = [aij + bij]mxn .

Matrix Subtraction

Suppose A and B are two matrices. A = ajkmxn and B = bjkmxn .

Then, the difference of these matrices

A – B = [aij – bij]mxn .

The only condition of Matrix Subtraction is that both matrices must have the same order.

Some Chapter 3 Maths Class 12 Important Questions

  1. Define Square Matrix.

Ans. A matrix with an equal number of rows and columns is called a Square Matrix, i.e. m = n.

  1. What is meant by a Skew Matrix?

Ans. In a matrix, when the value of every diagonal element is zero, it is considered a Skew Matrix.

  1. Write down the possible orders of a matrix having 28 elements.

Ans. The possible orders of a matrix having 28 elements are as follows: 

  • 1 X 28
  • 2 X 14
  • 4 X 7
  • 7 X 4
  • 14 X 2
  • 28 X 1

Did You Know?

  • Matrices are used in wireless communication to detect, extract and process the information embedded in the signals.
  • They are also used in research activities to represent studies related to linear maps between the spaces of finite-dimensional vectors.

Why Choose Extramarks?

Extramarks provides the right guidance to every student preparing for board exams. There are many types of study materials available on the market but very few of them are authentic. So, students face the dilemma whether to study or practise questions. With the Important Questions provided by Extramarks, students do not need to worry as only the relevant questions are included here.

Effective planning is also necessary if one has already set a target. Students are often stressed about studying different subjects in a short time and cannot decide how to prepare for the final exam. For this, one should have a clear strategy to clear the board exam with flying colours. Extramarks provide questions with solutions that are easy to understand and helpful in revising the chapter. Students can rely on the questions as they are selected by subject matter experts after analysing the trend of questions in the CBSE Board exam. Matrices Class 12 questions are crucial for students who want to give an edge to their exam preparation within a limited time.


Matrix is a mathematical tool used for simplifying calculations. It has a long history of solving linear equations in compact and simple methods. In other words, a matrix can be defined as a set of numbers, symbols or expressions arranged in a tabular format. The horizontal sets are called rows and the vertical sets are known as columns.

The data denoted by numbers, expressions or symbols are called elements or entries of a matrix. The size of a matrix is determined by the number of its rows and columns. To add or subtract, the matrices concerned are to be of the same size. However, two matrices can be multiplied if the number of columns of the first matrix is equal to the number of rows of the second matrix.

There are several types of matrices. Matrices are used at higher levels of maths, machine learning, cryptography, computer graphics and many other branches of commerce and telecommunication industry. 

To know important topics of Matrices in Class 12 Maths, students can access the Class 12 Maths Chapter 3 Important Questions from Extramarks.


If 3aba+3b2c?d4c+d=55102, then the valueof a, b, c and d is


1. a = 1, b = -2, c = 2 and d = -3.

2. a = 1, b = -2, c = 2 and d = -6.

3. a = -1, b = -8, c = 2 and d = -6.

4. a = -1, b = 8, c = 2 and d = -3.


As the given matrices are equal, therefore, their correspondingelements must be equal. Comparing the corresponding elements, we get3ab=5, a+3b=?5,2cd=10?and?4c+d=2Solving these equations, we geta=1, b=?2c=2, d=?6


Let A = 0100,show that aI+bAn?= anI+nan1bA, where I is the identitymatrix of order 2 and n N.


We shall prove the result by using the principle of mathematical induction.For n = 1, we haveP1:al+bA=al+baA=al+bA


We shall prove the result by using the principle of mathematical induction.For n = 1, we haveP1:al+bA=al+baA=al+bATherefore, the result is true for n = 1.Let the result be true for n = kso, Pal+bAk=akl+kak1bA Now, we will prove that it is true for n = k+1al+bAk+1=al+bAkal+bA=ak+kak1bAal+bA=ak+1l+kakbA+akbAl+kak1b2A2al+bAk+1=ak+1+k+1akbA+kak1b2A2…..1Now, A2=01000100=0100=0From equation1, we haveal+bAk+1=ak+1+k+1akbA+kak1b20=ak+1+k+1akbATherefore, the result is true for n = k+1.Thus, by the Principle of Mathematical Induction, we haveaI+bAn=anI+nan1bA,for all n ˆˆ N.

Q3. A matrix has 24 elements. What are the possible orders it can have?

Opt. The possible orders of the matrix are:

1 24, 2 12, 3 8, 4 6, 6 4, 8 3, 12 2 and 24 1.

Ans. The possible orders of the matrix are:

1 24, 2 12, 3 8, 4 6, 6 4, 8 3, 12 2 and 24 1.


Express A =331221452as the sum of a symmetricand a skewsymmetric matrix.


Here A‘ = 324325112Let P = 12A+A12A+A=12331221452+324325112=12615144544=3125212225222Now P‘ =3125212225222=PThus P = 12AA12AA=12331221452324325112=12053206360=0523252303230Then Q‘ = 0523252033230=QThus Q= 12AA is a skew symmetric matrix.Now, P+Q=3125212225222+0523252033230=331221452=A

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why should students practise Important Questions for CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 for the board exam?

Mathematics is a subject that can be mastered only when the concepts are clear and the questions are practised several times. That is why practising questions from authentic sources becomes important. Even while doing so, students can focus on perfecting their answering skills for important topics. Important Questions Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 will give them a fair idea of what kinds of questions can be asked in the exam. It will help them solve their doubts related to the concepts and questions of the chapter. 

2. Where can students practise Important Questions on CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 Matrices?

CBSE Class 12 students can refer to the website of Extramarks to access the important questions on Matrices. The question set has been prepared by subject experts to guide students during their exam preparation. Extramarks has carefully prepared a comprehensive question set which students can practise and feel confident in the exam. These questions will prove beneficial for the exam preparation and for revising the important concepts of the chapter effectively.

3. Why is it important for students to solve extra questions on matrices?

Solving extra questions is the key to scoring higher grades in the exam. CBSE Class 12 Mathematics Chapter 3 Important Questions demonstrate the type of questions that can be asked in the board exams. So, students will be familiar with all the possible types of questions which will make them more confident. They do not need to spend time checking various sources to collect questions of past years. Instead, they can utilise this time to practise these questions. In addition to that, these important questions will help them revise the chapter’s most important concepts, which is crucial for their preparation.