Aluminum Formula

Aluminium Formula

Aluminium is a silvery-white metal that is exceptionally soft by nature. The earth’s crust contains 8% aluminium. Aluminium is a low-density, nonmagnetic, and ductile metal that may be processed into sheets or wires as needed. Aluminium is the primary component utilised in the aerospace sector. Bauxite is the primary resource of aluminium and the best conductivity readily accessible.

What is Aluminium?

Aluminium is a chemical element with the symbol Al. The atomic number of aluminum is 13. This element has a lower density than other common metals. One might suppose that the density of this element is one-third that of steel.

Aluminium has a strong attraction for other elements such as oxygen. When exposed to air, it produces a protective oxide coating on the surface. It should be noted that aluminium is comparable to silver in appearance, which means it has a similar colour and a high capacity to reflect light.

Properties Of Aluminium

Aluminium Formula has a low density, is non-toxic, has excellent corrosion resistance, has high thermal conductivity, and is simple to cast, machine, and form.

Chemical formula Al
Molecular weight 26.982 g/mol
Position Group 13 

period -3

p – block

Density 2.70 g/cm3
Boiling point 2743 K
Electron per shell 2,8,3

Physical Properties of Aluminium

The Aluminium Formula appears as a powdered silver or light grey metal. Furthermore, this element is easily flammable. Furthermore, when Aluminium burns, it produces a powerful flame. The physical form of Aluminium Formula is an uncoated powder that has the appearance of a light grey solid. This element is also denser than water. Aluminium can burn mucous membranes, eyes, and skin if it comes into contact with them. It could also be toxic if someone inhales or consumes it.

Fortunately, Aluminium Formula is naturally odourless. Furthermore, at 760 mm Hg, the boiling point of Aluminium is 4221 °F/2327 °C. Aluminium, on the other hand, has a melting point of 1220 °F/660 °C. Additionally, both water and organic solvents cannot dissolve this element. However, it is soluble in hot water, alkalis, and weak hydrochloric acid.

Chemical Properties of Aluminium

Aluminium Formula possesses both pre- and post-transition metal properties. Furthermore, Al3+ is both a small and highly charged cation. Furthermore, various Aluminium compounds tend to have covalency. Al3+ has a highly polarising property. The underlying core of Aluminium’s valence shell is that of the preceding noble gas. Unlike the other post-transition metals, this occurrence is unique. As a result, Aluminium Formula is immune to the effects of incomplete valence electrons.

High oxygen affinities are shared by Aluminium. Additionally, there is a resemblance between the highly negative standard electrode potential of Aluminium and the configurations of three valence electrons found in lanthanum, actinium, yttrium, and scandium.

Aluminium Structural Formula

The face-centered cubic arrangement of all the atoms makes Aluminium Formula a special compound.

Derivation of Aluminium Formula

The Aluminium Formula is represented by the letter Al. Furthermore, if the number of electrons and protons is equal, the element becomes neutral. This is due to the fact that the positives and negatives tend to cancel each other out.

On the periodic table of elements, Aluminium is represented by a symbol. Additionally, one can search the periodic table of elements for the atomic number and atomic mass. Furthermore, Aluminium is a lightweight, silvery metal.

The charge of an Aluminium ion, which is most notable, is +3. This is due to the fact that the Aluminium atom has three valence electrons. This essentially means that 3 electrons must be removed to satisfy the octet rule that is connected to the noble gas. So, after losing three electrons, the ion will have a positive charge of three.

The molecular mass of Aluminium is 26.98 grammes. It is unquestionably a metallic element. Aluminium has a density of 2.7 grammes per cubic centimetre. Furthermore, Aluminium has an atomic number of 13. Aluminium atoms contain 13 protons, 14 neutrons, and 13 electrons.

Solved Question For Aluminium Formula


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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Aluminium Formula?

The chemical element Aluminium is a silvery-white substance that is soft, ductile, and non-magnetic. Furthermore, the symbol or formula for Aluminium is Al.

2. Why is aluminium called Al?

The name is derived from the Latin name for alum, ‘alumen’ meaning bitter salt. A vertical column in the periodic table.

3. Is aluminium al2 or Al?

Aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.