Methane Formula

Methane Formula

Methane has the molecular formula CH4. It is the simplest alkane and the main constituent of natural gas. Methane is a colorless, odorless, and highly combustible gas at normal temperature and pressure. It is an essential chemical in a variety of natural processes and human activities, with important roles in both environmental and industrial settings.

Methane Chemical Formula

Methane has the chemical formula CH4. It is a simple hydrocarbon molecule from the alkane family. It consists of one carbon atom (C) connected to four hydrogen atoms (H) via single covalent connections. Methane has four hydrogen atoms linked to one carbon atom.

Methane Structural Formula

The structural formula of methane (CH4) depicts the arrangement of atoms within the molecule, including the connections between the carbon and hydrogen atoms and their spatial orientation. Methane is the simplest alkane, consisting of a single carbon atom covalently linked to four hydrogen atoms.

Methane’s molecular geometry is tetrahedral, with the carbon atom in the middle and the four hydrogen atoms at the corners. In a three-dimensional representation, the carbon atom is depicted as a central sphere, with the hydrogen atoms depicted as smaller spheres coupled to the carbon atom by single bonds.

Properties of Methane

  • At ambient temperature and atmospheric pressure, methane is a colorless, odorless, and extremely combustible gas. It is a key component of natural gas.
  • Methane has a density of around 0.717 kg/m³ at 0°C and 1 atm pressure. It is less dense than air, therefore it tends to ascend and scatter in the atmosphere.
  • Methane boils at roughly -161.5°C (-258.7°F) under atmospheric pressure. At this temperature, it changes from gas to liquid.
  • Methane’s melting point is approximately -182.5°C (-296.5°F) under atmospheric pressure. At this temperature, it transforms from solid to liquid.

Preparation of Methane

The Methane Formula can be prepared through various methods –

By the catalytic reduction of methyl iodide.

CH3-I + H2 → CH4 +HI

By the hydrolysis of aluminium carbide. In the laboratory, methane is directly prepared by boiling aluminium carbide with water.

Al4C3 + 12H2O → 3CH4 +Al (OH)3

Chemical Reactions

Combustion Reaction: Methane’s heat of combustion is 55.5 MJ/kg. Combustion of methane is a reaction that involves various steps:

  • CH4 + 2O2 → CO2 + 2H2O

Methane radical reactions where X can be a halogen: fluorine (F), chlorine (Cl), bromine (Br), or iodine (I).

  • X• + CH4 → HX + CH3•
  • CH3• + X2 → CH3X + X•


  • CH4 + Cl2 → CH3Cl + HCl (dichloromethane)
  • CH3Cl + Cl2 → CH2Cl2 +HCl (dichloromethane)
  • CH2Cl2 + Cl2 → CHCl3 + HCl (chloroform)
  • CHCl3 + Cl2 → CCl4 +HCl (carbon tetrachloride)

Uses of Methane

  • Methane is the principal component of natural gas, which is a valuable fuel used for heating, cooking, and electricity generation in household and commercial applications.
  • Methane can be used to fuel vehicles such as cars, trucks, buses, and ships.
  • Methane is used as a raw material in the synthesis of numerous chemicals and compounds via chemical processes such as steam reforming and catalytic conversion.
  • Methane-derived compounds are used to make plastics, polymers, and synthetic materials, which are widely employed in the manufacturing, building, and packaging industries.
  • Methane plays an important role in scientific research and environmental monitoring, particularly in the study of atmospheric chemistry, climate change, and carbon cycles.
Chemistry Related Formulas
Uric Acid Formula Magnesium Sulfide Formula
Aluminium Nitrate Formula Nickel Chloride Formula
Ammonium Acetate Formula Zinc Iodide Formula
Binding Energy Formula Zinc Bromide Formula
Enthalpy Formula What Is The Formula Of Carbon
Gibbs Free Energy Formula Stp Formula
Hexane Formula Aluminum Bromide Formula
Hydrazine Formula Barium Acetate Formula
Hydrogen Gas Formula Copper II Chloride Formula
Molecular Weight Formula Glutaric Acid Formula

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is Methane Formula?

Methane Formula is CH4

2. Where is Methane Found?

Methane is mainly found in Natural gas

3. Can Methane catch fire?

Yes, methane can catch fire

4. Why is Methane Bad?

Methane is bad because it captures CO2 molecules and contribute to greenhouse effect