Ammonium Nitrate Formula

Ammonium Nitrate Formula

The Ammonium Nitrate Formula is NH4. The Ammonium Nitrate Formula suggests a chemical compound which is made up of two nitrogen atoms and three oxygen atoms and four hydrogen atoms. In its ionic state, the Ammonium Nitrate Formula becomes an Ammonium cation. The ions in the compounds are bound with each other in ionic compounds, and therefore the compound is an electrovalent compound. The Ammonium Nitrate Formula is found as a white crystalline powder which is completely water-soluble. Ammonium Nitrate Formula is used very commonly in making fertilisers. This is one of the most crucial inorganic salts in chemistry, and it has various kinds of uses.

Ammonium Nitrate Chemical Formula

Ammonium Nitrate Formula is a salt made from reacting nitric acid with ammonia. It is widely used in fertilisers as well as in making explosives. The commercially available salt has 33.5% of the nitrogen in its composition. The fertilisers which are made out of this salt have the highest nitrogen percentage, making them one of the most widely used fertilisers. 

Formula and Structure

The chemical formula of ammonium nitrate is NH4NO3.

If the compound is looked at from a structural angle then it has some ions which are cations like the ammonium cation. Then there is the nitrate ion, which is an anion. It is because of the covalent bond shared between the cation and the anion which makes them bond because there is an exchange of electrons between the two ions. That is the reason the compound is stable enough and has electrovalent bonds, and it is an inorganic compound. 


The Ammonium Nitrate Formula can be easily and widely found due to natural processes, which means that the salt does not need to be artificially made. It forms and is found as a crystal in various desert areas of the world. Although the Ammonium Nitrate Formula is not abundantly found, it is found with other minerals, which are generally treated as impurities. It is also extremely simple to prepare the salt in a synthetic/artificial way.


The Ammonium Nitrate Formula can be easily prepared with a simple chemical reaction. When the ammonia is reacted with nitric acid which is a very typical acid and the base reaction it forms the salt.


The ammonium nitrate will easily react with metal hydroxides and can form ammonia and other forms of alkali metal nitrate:

NH4NO3 + MOH → NH3 + H2O + MNO3 (M = Na, K)

The ammonium nitrate reacts without leaving any residue when it is heated

NH4NO3 → N2O + 2H2O

When the Ammonium Nitrate Formula is rapidly heated, the primary reaction is:

2NH4NO3 → 2N2 + O2 + 4H2O


The Ammonium Nitrate Formula has various uses. The most common use of salt is in making fertilisers and explosives. This is one of the most inexpensive mediums through which nitrogen can be abundantly supplied to the crops in the medium of fertilisers. The Ammonium Nitrate Formula is one of the best oxidising agents for various kinds of chemical reactions. The most common industrial explosive that is made out of salt is the ANFO, which is made out of 94% of Ammonium Nitrate Formula and 6% of fuel oil. 

Health Hazards and Health Effects

There are numerous side effects of the Ammonium Nitrate Formula. It has several side effects if it is ingested by someone. Ingesting the salt might cause headaches, being dizzy, nausea, abdominal pain, and irregular heartbeat, and sometimes it can even cause a serious case of convulsions. If someone inhales the Ammonium Nitrate Formula gas, then they might have a very bad case of cough and a sore throat. Sometimes, if the dosage of the gas is high enough, it can make a person suffocate into dying. Therefore, people must be very careful when they are dealing with salt.

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