ISC Class 11 Psychology Syllabus
ISC Class 11 Psychology Syllabus
The Council conducts the Indian School Certificate or ISC Examination for Indian School Certificate Examinations or ICSE. To be eligible for the ISC Examination, students must attend full-time Classes at any ISC-affiliated school. ICSE Board Syllabus also plans to strengthen the logical skills of the students by providing them with practical knowledge of the topics. The ISC Board is more focused on overall development than on any one particular course, such as language, arts and science. The ISC Board is disciplined and systematic in conducting its Examinations and declaring results. The Board is also known for its comprehensive Syllabus and well-structured curriculum.
Psychology is also regarded as a type of social science as it mainly focuses on humans as individuals or living in communities concerning their social, cultural and physical relationships with the surrounding people as well as situations. Choosing to study Psychology in 11th grade can be rewarding as students find it interesting to learn how the nervous system and brain impact human behaviour and emotions. The ISC Class 11 Psychology Syllabus available on the Extramarks website helps students to develop the skills required to be a Psychology major, like patience, critical thinking, empathy, and qualitative and quantitative approaches. Psychology is a highly lucrative field of study. A psychologist can have a career in sports Psychology, School Psychology, Clinical Psychology and rehabilitation. A Psychology major is a good choice for students who want to work with human beings and are interested in helping people to better their personal and professional lives based on past behaviour.
Extramarks has prepared these papers to assist students of ISC Class 11 Psychology by providing all the information about ISC Examinations for Psychology and other subjects.
ISC Class 11 Psychology Syllabus 2023-24: Semester (1 & 2)
Begin your preparation by studying from the Extramarks website. According to the latest Examination Syllabus and pattern, all topics and concepts are covered. The best way to score high marks in the Examination is to practise ICSE Sample Question Papers, ICSE Important Questions and past years question Papers from Extramarks.
|Paper 1 – Theory||Paper 2 – Practical|
|Section A||Section B||Practical work|
|Chapter 1||The subject Psychology||Chapter 4||Emotions and motivation||Any two experiments from any theory chapters|
|Chapter 2||Methods of Psychology||Chapter 5||Learning|
|Chapter 3||Attention and perception||Chapter 6||Remembering and forgetting|
|Chapter7||Thinking, problem-solving and creativity|
The study of ISC Class 11 Psychology Syllabus enables students to expand their understanding of why humans act, think and feel in a certain way by studying brain functions, human behaviour and mental processes. Students will explore different types of personalities. Everyone has varied perspectives and looks at the world differently. Students will also learn to evaluate a person’s mental state and understand the challenges they face without judging them.
ISC Class 11 Psychology Paper Pattern
The ISC Class 11 Psychology Question Paper is divided into two parts:
|Paper 1: Theory – 70 marks|
|Part 1 – 20 marks – contains compulsory short question answers.
Part 2 – 50 marks – Consist of two sections. A and B
|Candidates need to answer two out of three questions in section A and three out of five questions in section B. Each question will carry 10 marks.|
|Paper 2: Practical work – 30 marks|
|Students are expected to complete two experiments from any chapter covered in theory.|
|Marks allowed per the process – 15 marks.|
Further breakdown of weightage:
|Basic Concept||3 marks|
|Method ( correctness of procedure )||4 marks|
|Results and dISCussion||4 marks|
Assessment is based on the written report, which should cover the following:
- Basic concept – Definition and theory related to basic concepts.
- Method – Sample of the study
- The procedure followed – (Nature and Collection of data)
- Treatment of data
- Results and discussion
To know the detailed marking scheme, visit ISC Class 11 Psychology Syllabus marking scheme page on the Extramarks website.
ISC Class 11 Psychology Syllabus & Study Materials 2023-24
The Extramarks website presents the new and updated ISC Class 11 Psychology Syllabus as per ISC regulations. The Extramarks also cater for the Syllabus of all other subjects for the Class 11 Indian School Certificate. Students can clear their doubts by clicking on the links to prepare for the upcoming economics Board Examinations.
ISC Class 11 Psychology Syllabus
ISC Class 11 Psychology – Textbooks
ISC Class 11 Psychology – Study Notes
ISC Class 11 Psychology– Sample Papers
This was all about ISC Class 11 Psychology Syllabus. Go through the Extramarks website to learn more about the subject, where you can read all the content for free. You can always follow Extramarks to get expert guidance on any topic for the Examinations.
ISC Psychology Class 11 Syllabus
There are two papers in the subject. Paper I is Theory of 3 hours and 70 marks. Part I (20 marks) consists of compulsory short answer questions relating to the fundamental aspects of the entire syllabus.
Part II (50 marks) consists of two sections, A and B. You are required to answer two out of three questions from Section A and three out of five questions from Section B. Each question in this part carries 10 marks.
1. The Subject Psychology
(i) Definition of Psychology; Nature – bio science, social science or pure science; schools of thought – Structuralism, Functionalism, Behaviourism, Psychoanalysis, Gestalt psychology.
Definition of Psychology, meaning of the terms behaviour, stimulus and response. Subject matter / nature of Psychology as a bio science, social science or pure science. The eclectic approach of modern Psychology. Main features of the schools of Structuralism, Functionalism and Behaviourism, Psychoanalysis, Gestalt psychology (two Psychologists of each approach and their relevant concepts).
(ii) Fields of Psychology – clinical, counselling, developmental, educational, organizational and social.
The general importance and aims of studying Psychology and its special benefits. Applications – different branches and the kind of work done in special fields – clinical, counselling, developmental, educational, organizational and social (in brief).
(iii) Heredity and Environment – meaning of the term ‘heredity’; basic principles and mechanism of heredity (genetic). Meaning of the term ‘environment’; importance of both heredity and environment in behaviour.
The definition and role of chromosomes and genes (dominant and recessive); the laws of heredity: uniformity and variability. Significance of environment: physical and social. Heredity related diseases: Mental Retardation and Huntington’s disease. How both heredity and environment interact to produce behaviour (Twin studies, Adoption Studies, Separated Twin Study).
2. Methods of Psychology
(i) Scientific Methods in Psychology – observation, case study, surveys, psychological tests, experimentation – steps. Psychological tests and their uses.
The application of scientific methods in the study of behaviour. What is meant by scientific observation? Field study; controlled and uncontrolled observation; longitudinal and cross-sectional studies; the case history method; the experimental method – variables and controls – steps in an experiment; surveys and use of questionnaires/self reports. One advantage and one disadvantage for each method of Psychology. Meaning of samples (random, biased, representative); meaning of population. Psychological tests – characteristics, definition, uses and types.
(ii) Interpretation of research results – use of statistics in interpretation of data – understanding of why statistics is used (descriptive & inferential). Basic statistical concepts – statistics, sample, population.
Why statistics is used in Psychology – interpretation of findings: describing and summarizing data, comparing individuals/ groups, investigating relationships between variables, predicting. Descriptive statistics – for summarizing scores. Inferential statistics – to determine whether observed differences between groups are likely/unlikely to have occurred by chance.
How scores are grouped into frequency distributions; central tendency of a frequency distribution – mean, median, mode and when each measure is used; dispersion: the extent to which scores are spread out – range, variance, standard deviation; why both central tendency and variability are important in psychology.
3. Attention and Perception
(i) Nature of attention – its inner and outer determinants.
The importance of attention in perception – how both physical factors such as size, colour, movement, change, intensity, contrast and psychological factors such as need, interest and emotion determine attention and perception.
(ii) Perceptual processes – difference between sensation and perception. Organizational principles of perception – laws, constancies, depth and colour perception.
Process involved in transforming sensation to perception. Important factors in perceptual process – figure and ground, laws of grouping: similarity, proximity, continuation, simplicity, good figure; constancy of size, shape and colour; factors involved in depth perception -monocular and binocular cues; how colour is perceived – biological and psychological factors ; attributes of colour – hue, wavelength, brightness and saturation; laws of colour mixture; colour blindness, adaptation and after-images.
(iii) Errors in perception – illusions of size and shape; what is meant by extra-sensory perception (ESP).
False interpretations – illusions: Muller-Lyer, Height -Width, Ponzo, Zoellner, Poggendorf (details of experiments are required); ESP – perceptions not based on any of the known senses (general understanding of ESP).
4. Emotions and Motivation
(i) What is meant by emotion; the basic emotions.
Subjective and cognitive experience, physiological basis of emotion, reactions and overt expression. Primary emotions – fear, anger, joy, sorrow, affection.
(ii) Theories of emotion dealing with physiological, subjective and cognitive aspects.
James Lange, Cannon Bard, Schachter – Singer theories.
(iii) What is meant by motives, needs and instincts.
Motivation as an internal force generating certain behaviour – biological needs and homeostasis; instincts as unlearned and physiological desires; evidence indicating the existence of unconscious motives. Intrinsic – the desire to perform activities for their own sake.
(iv) Theories of Motivation.
Pull and push theories, Optimum Arousal theory and Expectancy theory – Graphic representation of Maslow’s Needs Hierarchy.
(v) Social motives.
Three distinctively human motives: Achievement – accomplishing difficult tasks; Power – exerting influence over others; Aggression – learning and control of human aggression, causes and effects.
(vi) Frustration – blocking of motives; conflict among motives.
Frustration as a result of motives not finding free or adequate expression. Different types of conflict among motives: approach – approach, avoidance – avoidance, multiple approach – avoidance (with examples).
(i) What is meant by learning; how learning takes place – Classical and Operant Conditioning; Insight learning, Observational Learning and Learning Styles.
Definition of learning – Pavlov and Classical Conditioning; Thorndike and Trial and Error; Skinner and Operant Conditioning; experiments, findings and principles established. Insight and Observational Learning – Kohler and Bandura’s studies. Learning Styles – Auditory, Visual and Kinesthetic.
(ii) Learning disabilities: definition and types.
Characteristics of the disabilities – Dyslexia, dyscalculia, dysgraphia, dyspraxia (symptoms and management). Adjustment problems and remedials.
6. Remembering and Forgetting
(i) The memory system – how it works – different models.
Sensory memory, Short and Long term Memory – encoding, storage, retrieval. Terms like iconic image, free recall, serial position effects, recency effects, primary effects, episodic, working memory. Semantic and Procedural Memory. Processing memory – the Atkinson Shiffrin Model and Parallel Distributed Processing.
(ii) Why and how forgetting occurs.
Trace decay, retro and pro active interference, amnesia – retrograde and anterograde; Alzheimer’s disease; Dementia.
(iii) How memory can be improved.
Attention, use of imagery, Mnemonic devices, application of principles of learning.
7. Thinking, Problem Solving and Creativity
(i) What is meant by thinking.
Definition and basic elements of thought. Nature and elements of thinking: images, visual image, concepts and language – interdependence of language and thought; different kinds of thinking: convergent, divergent, creative, goal-oriented and aimless thinking.
(ii) Concepts and how they are formed.
Definition – importance of concepts in thinking – artificial, natural, simple and complex concepts.
(iii) Reasoning – how it is carried out; common errors in reasoning, how reasoning can be made more effective. Decision making and problem solving – heuristics and algorithms.
Reaching specific conclusions from available information – deductive and inductive reasoning; common errors – faulty premises, biases, fallacy of single case, rationalization, hindsight. Improving reasoning – avoiding errors, examining premises and ambiguities, guarding against emotion. Decision Making and Problem Solving – steps involved, optimum expected utility, means-end-analysis, analogy.
(iv) Creative thinking – what is meant by convergent and divergent thinking; stages in creative thinking, how creativity can be fostered.
Use of divergent thinking in creativity – stages in creative thinking, preparation, incubation, illumination, verification / validation. How creativity may be encouraged: enrich knowledge and experience, encourage independence, curiosity and promote positive mood.