ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus

ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus

Biotechnology creates consciousness about the values of biological processes in its industries. It requires developing the ability to value biological facts in nature and establishing biotechnology for human welfare and creating a scientific perspective toward biological situations.

The subject allows the candidates to acquire more skills. It helps understand why materials are given biological representations to understand goods and services. It further helps to understand the role played by biotechnology in improving health care for humans. To let us know the diversified nature using the ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus.

The ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus aids students in several ways, starting from giving them a brief of what to expect from the subject in class 12. In addition, students may tune-up with Extramarks to get the latest news and alerts on the ICSE exams, along with the exam pattern, syllabus, timetable, and more.

ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus For Semester (1&2)

The ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus is divided into semester 1 and semester 2. It is represented in the table below. 

         1. Molecular Biology          3. Cell Culture Technology
         2. Genetic Engineering         4. Bioinformatics

Introduction to the Syllabus of ISC Class 12 Biotechnology

Students need to know the syllabus to score well in the ISC Class 12 Biotechnology examination. Biotechnology aims to give candidates an overview of how materials are given biological representations to enable assistance, cherish the role of Biotechnology in uplifting health care, the contribution of Biotechnology to human welfare, and to develop a scientific approach toward biotechnology.

A brief of the ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus

  1. Molecular Biology: 

This is a vital topic, and one needs to understand the nucleic acids, their evaluation, and their biochemical form. It reveals techniques of nucleic acid evaluation, protein synthesis, the idea of reverse transcription, quality of genetic code, change of RNA to protein, and the Operon idea.

  1. Genetic Engineering:

This section of the SC Class 12 Biotechnology syllabus includes the foundation to Gene Cloning and Genetic Engineering, the notion of Cloning and Vectors, innovations in Biotechnology, and Gene analysis techniques.

  1. Cell Culture Technology:

In this section of the ISC Class 12 Biotechnology syllabus, the general tools and techniques used in Cell Culture Technology and their application to microbial, plant tissue, and animal cell cultures, respectively, are explained.

  1. Bioinformatics: 

Bioinformatics is an institution for Global Informatics databases and Data retrieval tools, i.e. ENTREZ, and Taxonomy Browser. They are also the resolution of genomics, tools and applications, and the types of Proteomics. 

Students may click on the respective chapter to access study material pertaining to the chapter.

ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus Examination Pattern

ICSE stands for Indian Certificate of Secondary Education. Here the examination is conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations for Grade X. Alternatively, ISC stands for Indian School Certificate. This examination is conducted by the Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations for Grade XII. Therefore, ISC & ICSE Syllabus holds equal importance.

The ISC Class 12 Biotechnology syllabus has two papers. Paper 1 is theoretical and is 70 marks. Students are allotted a 3 hours time limit to finish the theory paper. It includes the entire syllabus for that semester. 

Paper 2, on the other hand, consists of a practical assessment. It has a time limit of 3 hours. The mark’s weightage is divided into 

  • Practical Work – 15 Marks.
  • Project Work –  10 Marks.
  • Practical File –   5 Marks.

Practical Work – 15 Marks.

List of experiments to be completed by the student for ISC 12 Biotechnology:

  1. Paper Chromatography – split-up of Photosynthesis pigments.
  2. Production of Buffers.
  3. Production of Culture Media
  4. Sterilization of culture medium and other substances.
  5. Booster and incubation of Lactobacillus on the culture medium in Petri plate
  6. Spotting of bacteria by Gram +ve and Gram -ve
  7. Steps of enzymes on starch
  8. Segregation of DNA from plants
  9. DNA evaluation by colorimeter (DPA method)
  10. Protein Evaluation by color retort (Bradford Test)
  11. Cell ability test (Evan’s Blue Dye)
  12. Shielding of milk protein
  13. Chromatography to find weakened species.
  14.  Proof of cell counting by hemocytometer
  15. Demonstration to show Saponification
  16. Paper Chromatography – the disconnection of photosynthesis pigments.

Project Work – ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus – 10 Marks

A visiting examiner evaluates students on projects and assignments on any aspects of Biotechnology. Reports have to be kept neat, and no extra credits are given for any type-written material/decorative cover, etc.

Practical File ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus – 5 Marks

Under this section, the Invigilator verifies all the students based on practical files maintained by them during the academic year.

ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus & Study Materials 2023-24 

ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus defines the chapters and topics covered in the respective subject for the class. In addition to classroom teaching, students may depend on various study materials to prepare for their examinations. Reviewing the syllabus and ensuring that every topic has been covered is never easy. Hence our revision notes help to understand the key points in an easy-to-remember format. 

We at Extramarks provide candidates with an extra edge and help them gain confidence before appearing for their examinations. Students may click on the link below to refer to the Class 12 Biotechnology ICSE revision notes.

ISC Biotechnology Class 12 Syllabus

There is one paper of three hours duration divided into two parts. Part 1 (20 marks) consists of compulsory short answer questions, testing knowledge, application and skills relating to elementary or fundamental aspects of the entire syllabus.

Part 2 (50 marks) consists of eight questions out of which the candidates will be required to answer five questions. Each question in this part carries 10 marks.

1. Molecular Biology

(i) Nucleic acids and their estimation: an understanding of nucleic acids, their biochemical structure.

(ii) Protein Synthesis: synthesis of different RNAs, and the complete mechanism of polypeptide chain formation.

(iii) Gene regulation in prokaryotes

2. Genetic Engineering

(i) Introduction to gene cloning and genetic engineering: concept of cloning and vectors.

(ii) Innovations in Biotechnology: produced by using modern biotechnological tools.

(iii) Gene analysis techniques: various techniques involved in recombinant DNA technology.

3. Cell Culture Technology

A brief idea of tools and techniques involved in cell culture technology and their applications in microbial, plant tissue and animal cell cultures respectively.

(i) General tools and techniques used in cell culture technology

(ii) Microbial culture and its application

(iii) Plant tissue culture and its application

(iv) Animal cell culture and its application

4. Bioinformatics

(i) Introduction to bioinformatics; global bioinformatics databases and data retrieval tools; genomics, different types of sequences, types of sequence analysis.

(ii) Genomics: Definition, introduction, tools used in Genomics and its applications.

(iii) Proteomics: definition, introduction and databases.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. On what basis does the visiting examiner evaluate the project work?

The examiner evaluates the project based on handwritten content that should not exceed more than 15- 20 pages. The evaluator considers content, introduction, presentation synopsis, and bibliography. Students have the authority to choose a project based on their choice. 

2. How can I score well in the ISC Class 12 Biotechnology examination?

Students must read the textbooks and the topics as per the ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus to ensure that every aspect of the syllabus is covered. Being regular with the studies helps students to be prepared for the examination and, in turn, helps them score well.