ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus

ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus For Semester (1 & 2) 2023-2024

The ISC Class 12 Physics Examination is considered one of the essential papers in the Examination. Students attempting competitive Examination such as JEE and NEET and pursuing a profession in engineering or medicine should study this subject thoroughly to succeed in the Examination. The ISC Board is noted for its well-structured curriculum and broad Syllabus. Students who plan to take the ISC Board test must be well-versed with the ICSE Syllabus for Class 12 Physics to do well in the Examination.

ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus 2023-24 – Semester (1 & 2)

Unit Topics
  Semester -1 (Marks -35)
1. Electrostatics
2. Current Electricity
3. Magnetic Effect of Current and Magnetism
4. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Current
5. Electromagnetic Waves
  Semester -2 (Marks – 35)
1. Optics
2. Dual Nature of Matter and Radiations
3. Atoms and Nuclei
4. Electronic Devices
ISC Class 12 Subject-Wise Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Chemistry Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Maths Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Biology Syllabus
ISC Class 12 English Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Computer Science Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Biotechnology Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Accounts Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Business Studies Syllabus
ISC Class 12 History Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Political Science Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Sociology Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Geography Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Home Science Syllabus
ISC Class 12 English Elective Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Economics Syllabus
ISC Class 12 Psychology Syllabus

ISC Class 12 Physics Paper Pattern

The ISC Class 12 Physics paper is broken into two sections, as seen below:

Mode Marks Duration
Theory 70 3 hours
Practicals Practical work: 15

Project work: 10

Practical files: 5

3 hours

Physics Syllabus Class 12 ISC & Study Materials 2023-24 

Extramarks creates Class 12 Physics Syllabus in order to make each topic easy to understand. Students can better comprehend the curriculum by studying the ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus. Once you have access to the ISC Syllabus and study material, subjects like Hindi, Science, and English will become easy.

ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus pattern (CISCE guidelines) and some preparation modules are available below:

ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus 

ISC Class 12 Physics – Textbooks  

ISC Class 12 Physics – Study Notes 

ISC Class 12 Physics – Sample papers  

ICSE Sample Question Papers

ICSE Revision Notes

ICSE Important Questions

ICSE Question Paper

ISC Physics Class 12 Syllabus

Theory paper is of 3 hours duration and 70 marks. The syllabus contains 9 units – (i) Electrostatics (ii) Current Electricity (iii) Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism (iv) Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents (v) Electromagnetic Waves (vi) Optics (vii) Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter (viii) Atoms and Nuclei (ix) Electronic Devices.

1. Electrostatics

(i) Electric Charges and Fields

Electric charges; conservation and quantisation of charge, Coulomb’s law; superposition principle and continuous charge distribution.

Electric field, electric field due to a point charge, electric field lines, electric dipole, electric field due to a dipole, torque on a dipole in uniform electric field. Electric flux, Gauss’s theorem in Electrostatics and its applications to find field due to infinitely long straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell.

(ii) Electrostatic Potential, Potential Energy and Capacitance

Electric potential, potential difference, electric potential due to a point charge, a dipole and system of charges; equipotential surfaces, electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges and of electric dipole in an electrostatic field.

Conductors and insulators, free charges and bound charges inside a conductor. Dielectrics and electric polarisation, capacitors and capacitance, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel. Capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor, energy stored in a capacitor.

2. Current Electricity

Mechanism of flow of current in conductors. Mobility, drift velocity and its relation with electric current; Ohm’s law and its proof, resistance and resistivity and their relation to drift velocity of electrons; V-I characteristics (linear and non-linear), electrical energy and power, electrical resistivity and conductivity. Temperature dependence of resistance and resistivity.

Internal resistance of a cell, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel, Kirchhoff’s laws and simple applications, Wheatstone bridge, metre bridge. Potentiometer – principle and its applications to measure potential difference, to compare emf of two cells; to measure internal resistance of a cell.

3. Magnetic Effects of Current and Magnetism

(i) Moving charges and magnetism

Concept of magnetic field, Oersted’s experiment. Biot – Savart law and its application. Ampere’s Circuital law and its applications to infinitely long straight wire, straight solenoid (only qualitative treatment).

Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields. Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field, force between two parallel current-carrying conductors-definition of ampere, torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field; moving coil galvanometer – its sensitivity. Conversion of galvanometer into an ammeter and a voltmeter.

(ii) Magnetism and Matter

A current loop as a magnetic dipole, its magnetic dipole moment, magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron, magnetic field intensity due to a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) on the axial line and equatorial line, torque on a magnetic dipole (bar magnet) in a uniform magnetic field; bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines. Electromagnets and factors affecting their strengths, permanent magnets.

4. Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating Currents

(i) Electromagnetic Induction

Faraday’s laws, induced emf and current; Lenz’s Law, eddy currents. Self-induction and mutual induction. Transformer.

(ii) Alternating Current

Peak value, mean value and RMS value of alternating current/voltage; their relation in sinusoidal case; reactance and impedance; LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only), LCR series circuit, resonance; power in AC circuits, wattless current. AC generator.

5. Electromagnetic Waves

Basic idea of displacement current. Electromagnetic waves, their characteristics, their transverse nature (qualitative ideas only). Complete electromagnetic spectrum starting from radio waves to gamma rays: elementary facts of electromagnetic waves and their uses.

6. Optics

(i) Ray Optics and Optical Instruments

Ray Optics: Reflection of light by spherical mirrors, mirror formula, refraction of light at plane surfaces, total internal reflection and its applications, optical fibres, refraction at spherical surfaces, lenses, thin lens formula, lens maker’s formula, magnification, power of a lens, combination of thin lenses in contact, combination of a lens and a mirror, refraction and dispersion of light through a prism.

Optical instruments: Microscopes and astronomical telescopes (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers.

(ii) Wave Optics

Wave front and Huygen’s principle. Proof of laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle. Interference, Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width (β), coherent sources and sustained interference of light, Fraunhofer diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum.

7. Dual Nature of Radiation and Matter

Wave particle duality; photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations; Einstein’s photoelectric equation – particle nature of light. Matter waves – wave nature of particles, de-Broglie relation.

8. Atoms and Nuclei

(i) Atoms

Alpha-particle scattering experiment; Rutherford’s atomic model; Bohr’s atomic model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum.

(ii) Nuclei

Composition and size of nucleus. Mass energy relation, mass defect; binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number; Nuclear reactions, nuclear fission and nuclear fusion.

9. Electronic Devices

(i) Semiconductor Electronics: Materials, Devices and Simple Circuits. Energy bands in conductors, semiconductors and insulators (qualitative ideas only). Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors.

(ii) Semiconductor diode: I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, diode as a rectifier; Special types of junction diodes: LED, photodiode and solar cell.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why is the ISC Physics Class 12 Syllabus organised by semester?

On the Extramarks website, the ISC Physics Syllabus is divided into semesters 1 and 2. The first semester contains five chapters, while the second semester contains four chapters, which can be accessed via the Extramarks website or app. This ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus is provided as a list of links and can be accessed even when you are not connected to the internet.

2. While preparing, why is it essential to go through the ISC Class 12 Physics curriculum?

ISC strives to deliver the best education possible to all its students so that they can make the best career choices in the future. This ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus is intended to provide students with a conceptual understanding of Physics. Students also gain confidence in their ability to learn new concepts. There are numerous concepts. It is critical to go through the ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus thoroughly.


3. How can I organise my time using ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus provided by Extramarks?

Students can determine the weightage of each topic by carefully reading the ISC Class 12 Physics Syllabus and creating a task plan appropriately. Students should list all subjects they believe should be covered in a single day and in specified time intervals. Ensure to address the most crucial topics before moving on to the more simple ones. Students will also learn to manage their time due to this and significantly reduce the overall preparation time.