Jee Main Physics Question Paper

JEE Main Physics Question Paper

Physics is one of the three subjects that students must study to crack JEE Main. The JEE Main Physics question paper can appear to be a challenging exam, but it can also be a time-saving and scoring part if the concepts are mastered.  

Aspiring JEE Main aspirants can refer to the JEE Main Physics question paper and solutions on the Extramarks website. In addition, students can refer to question papers with answer keys and explanations for past academic years 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020.

Read the full article to get complete details about Physics specific JEE Main exam pattern, JEE Main revision notes, JEE Main question papers, and other resources.

Introduction to the Exam

The JEE Main (Joint Entrance Exam Main) is an entrance examination test for engineering aspirants in NITs, IIITs and other CFTIs engineering courses. It is also the qualifier for the JEE advanced, which is conducted for admission to all IITs. From 2019, the Government of India has transferred the mandate of conducting Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main to the NTA (National Testing Agency). JEE Main Paper 1 is conducted for admission to undergraduate B.E. / B. Tech programs and Paper 2 is conducted for B. Arch & B. Planning courses admissions.

JEE Main Physics Exam

JEE Main Physics is an essential part of the exam and demands frequent preparation and a thorough comprehension of all applicable principles and formulas. Therefore, mastering and memorising the critical ideas and formulae from the JEE Main Physics Syllabus is the first step to scoring a high mark in this section. In addition, this would allow candidates to respond to complex numerical problems.

A solid score in this section necessitates careful planning. In general, the JEE Main Physics section has been of moderate to high difficulty. Physics problems are of both numerical and conceptual nature. Some of the questions in this section are simple and can be completed quickly. Because of the formula-based numerical and easy conceptual problems, this section is usually a scoring area if the candidate has a solid Physics base. 

Based on past JEE Main Physics question papers, the theory-based questions are usually found in the second half of the paper and cover topics such as Communication Systems, Semiconductors, and few more. Around 65 percent of the marks are distributed among concepts like Electricity, mechanics, and magnetism. 

JEE Main Syllabus – Physics:

The JEE Main exam syllabus is based on 11th and 12th class subjects mapped to NCERT textbooks. Students can also analyse important Physics topics by referring to past JEE Main Physics question papers.

Below are chapters and important topics covered in JEE Main Physics –

Thermodynamics  Kinematics Physics and measurement
Rotational Motion Gravitation Work and Energy
Power Properties of Solids and Liquids Laws of Motion
Electronic Devices Oscillations Waves
Current Electricity Electromagnetic Waves Communication Systems
Electromagnetic Induction Magnetism Alternating Currents
Magnetic Effects of Current Kinetic Theory of Gases Dual Nature of Matter
Radiation Atoms Nuclei
Optics Electrostatics

To make it easy for candidates to plan their Physics studies, we have divided the chapters and topics into various segments. Our experts have referred many previous JEE Main Physics question papers to arrive at this table. Below is the segmentation:

  • Segment 1: Very Important – Students are advised to spend maximum time on these topics. Study regularly to improve your concepts, knowledge, speed on these questions to score more marks.
  • Segment 2: Easy to Score – Questions from these topics are primarily direct formula based. Therefore, give equal importance to this set of topics so you can get easy marks for the formula-based questions.
  • Segment 3: Basic Topics – Study these topics well and have in-depth knowledge on these topics. Few questions on these topics will help you quickly answer and score higher. 
Segment 1 – Very Important  Segment 2 – Easy to Score  Segment 3 – Basic Topics
  • Centre of Mass, Momentum, and Collision
  • Rotational Dynamics
  • Simple Harmonic Motion
  • Fluid Mechanics
  • Bernoulli’s Principle
  • Wave Motion and String Waves
  • Magnetism
  • Heat and Thermodynamics
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Modern Physics
  • Work, Energy, and Power
  • Electrostatics
  • Wave Optics
  • Ray Optics
  • Current Electricity
  • Unit and Dimensions
  • Vectors
  • Measurement of Errors

If you’re studying for the JEE Main Physics, make sure you cover as many topics and chapters as possible. However, you should concentrate on understanding the concepts and chapters rather than completing the curriculum. 

JEE Main Exam Pattern:

The JEE Main physics question paper is divided into sections A and B. There is negative marking involved in section A; hence, you should answer the question only if you are sure of it. For every question unanswered, there is no mark. A candidate scores four marks with every correct answer, and with every incorrect answer, a candidate loses one mark. There are two types of questions – MCQs and numerical values in the JEE Main physics question paper. There are 20 questions in section A, from which the student has to answer all 20 as there is no choice given. But, under section B, the candidate is given an option to write only five questions out of 10. Under section B, there is no negative marking system. The total marks for the Physics section are 100. 

JEE Main Physics Question Paper Analysis:

Pattern of JEE Main Physics Question Paper

  • Multiple choice questions: Here, candidates will get four options to answer, and they have to select one correct answer.
  • Numeric Value questions: There are no MCQs in this format. Students must calculate the answer and write in either integer or decimal value.
  • Formula based questions: Many questions in the JEE Main Physics question paper are based on direct formulae. These formats of questions do not require lengthy, time-consuming calculations. Instead, candidates can quickly and easily get to the correct answer by applying formulae.
  • Fact-based or Law based questions: These questions can be answered only if your concepts are clear and you have good knowledge of all Physics laws and their applications. 

Weightage of Topics in JEE Main Physics question paper

The distribution and importance of topics vary every year in JEE Main Physics question papers. Therefore, our academic experts at Extramarks have analysed past papers from several years and have represented essential topics from which more questions are asked. 

Topics Avg. No. of Questions  Relative Marks
Modern Physics 5 20
Current Electricity 3 12
Optics 3 12
Heat and Thermodynamics 3 12
Electrostatics 3 12
Magnetics 2 8
Unit, Dimension, and Vector 1 4
Gravitation 1 4
Waves 1 4
Work, Power, and Energy 1 4
Solids and Fluids 1 4
Rotation 1 4
Laws of Motion 1 4
Simple Harmonic Motion 1 4
Kinematics 1 4
Centre of Mass, Impulse, and Momentum 1 4
Electromagnetics Induction 1 4

To help aspiring candidates, we have given below an analysis of previous Physics question papers.

JEE Main Physics Question Paper – 2021

The JEE Main Physics question paper was easy to moderate. The paper was well-balanced, containing questions from almost every chapter. Kinematics, EM Waves, Electromagnetic Induction, Heat & Thermodynamics, Semiconductors, Modern Physics & Optics all had some excellent questions. Some of the Numerical Based questions required extensive calculations yet were simple to complete.

JEE Main Physics Question Paper – 2020

In 2020, the JEE Main Physics question paper was more challenging than Mathematics and Chemistry. When compared to MCQs, numerical value-based questions were more complex. On AC circuits, the question was calculative. Therefore, the questions were a little trickier and more calculation-based in the Physics part. 

JEE Main Physics Question Paper – 2019

For the JEE Main Physics question paper 2019, Physics remained the most challenging section of the exam, with most of the problems being formula-based, as expected. In addition, students faced challenges in completing the paper as it was lengthy with various application-based problems.

JEE Main Physics Question Paper – 2018 

The JEE Main Physics question paper 2018 question paper was the most difficult section of the exam. A number of the questions were difficult for the candidates to answer. Many questions were based on electrodynamics and mechanics.

JEE Main Physics Question Paper – 2017

The JEE Main Physics question paper for 2017 was easier than the 2016 one. The section was longer and moderately difficult. Students who focused on numerical-based questions rather than application-based ones scored better. Modern Physics was given the highest weightage with 24 marks. There were 19 questions from the Class XII syllabus and 11 from the Class XI syllabus.

Advantages of Solving JEE Main Physics Question Paper:

  • It helps you understand the exam pattern because it provides all of the crucial information regarding the exam, such as the duration of the exam, the types of questions that will be asked, and the total number of questions. Students can use prior year’s JEE Main and JEE Advanced physics question papers to acquire a feel for the actual test. They can identify the pattern in which a JEE Main question paper physics is designed while also strategizing how to respond.
  • Time, Speed, and Accuracy are three elements that play an important role in getting excellent JEE Main marks. Candidates can solve JEE Main sample papers to work on all three aspects. For mastering Physics, solve a lot of JEE Main Physics question papers
  • Candidates aware of their strengths and weaknesses have a better chance of achieving good exam results. Therefore, it is critical to prevent negative marking in JEE Main to earn good grades. Negative marking is frequently the result of careless errors, such as failing to read the questions attentively. Solving prior-year Physics problems for JEE Main allows students to see where they are losing marks.
  • In the JEE Main Physics question papers, over 70% to 80% of the questions are repeated. Therefore, if a candidate has solved JEE Main question paper physics from the previous 10 to 15 years, they will have no trouble passing the entrance exam.

JEE Main Preparation Tips:

  • It will be beneficial for you to take notes for each chapter and topic while studying for the JEE Main. These notes will assist you in revisiting the chapter during your revision session and remembering the essential elements. Make sure you’ve written down all the necessary theories and numerical equations while taking notes. This will save you time in the future when looking for the information. The quality of revision you will do in the last days of the tests will be determined by the notes you have made earlier.
  • After you’ve familiarised yourself with the Physics syllabus for the JEE Main Physics question paper, make a timetable for each chapter and topic. When making your schedule, make sure you leave time for eating, sleeping, and studying. Once you’ve made a schedule, you should stick to it.
  • Revision of subjects and topics at regular intervals is one of the most important factors in JEE Main success. Revising a subject or topic should include going over notes and essential components of the subject again and taking mock exams and JEE Main Physics question papers from past years.  

Best Books for JEE Main Physics:

Physics is a significant element of the JEE Main exam, and it necessitates extensive preparation and a complete understanding of all relevant ideas and formulas. Therefore, to achieve a high grade in this section, the first step is to comprehend and memorise the essential ideas and equations from the JEE Main Physics Syllabus. 

While you can study for JEE Main Physics with only NCERT, it is recommended that you use several reference books with a large number of numerical questions to attempt. The following is a collection of Physics books that you can use to study for the exam.

No Book Name, Author Name Refer this book for
1. Concepts of Physics (Vol. 1, 2) by H.C Verma All chapters have high quality problems.
2. Fundamentals of Physics by Halliday, Resnick & Walker Concepts of all the topics.
3. Understanding Physics by DC Pandey (Arihant Publications): Reference for:

  • Electricity & Magnetism
  • Optics & Modern Physics

Mechanics (Vol 1, 2)

  • Waves & Thermodynamics
Explanation, Application and, a good quality question-set with solved plus unsolved problems.
4. Problems in General Physics by I.E Irodov Practising numerous problems.
5. Understanding physics by Freedman and Young Explanation of concepts, theory of all topics.
6. Problems in physics by SS Krotov Solving problems.
7. Problems and solution of Physics by Author Shashi Bhushan Tiwari For practising a variety of questions based on JEE Main Physics question papers.

Do’s and Don’ts for JEE Main Exam:

The dos and don’ts for the JEE Main exam are listed below –


  • Start by answering the JEE Main Physics question paper’s more straightforward and medium questions first. This will enhance the candidate’s morale and help them improve their JEE Main score.


  • Candidates are encouraged not to solve questions in a hurry because they can make foolish blunders.
  • Anxiety during an exam is a crucial element affecting a student’s performance.
  • Exams are more likely to be disrupted if the candidate is dressed uncomfortably.

Guidelines for Exam Day:

  • It is recommended that candidates visit the exam centre a day before the JEE Main exam date to understand its location. Arriving an hour early at the exam centre will help you avoid issues.
  • Candidates must bring a physical copy of their JEE Main admit card and a valid photo ID.
  • Proof (PAN card, driver’s licence, JEE Main application form, voter identification card, passport, Aadhaar card with photograph, E-Aadhar, Aadhaar Enrolment Number with Photo, Ration Card).
  • Electronic gadgets, jewellery, watches, and other similar items are not permitted in the exam room.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What nature of questions are asked in the JEE Main Physics question paper?

In general, the Physics section of the JEE Main Physics question paper is of moderate to difficult level. The problems in this section are both numerical and conceptual. However, some of the questions in this section are simple. They can be completed quickly because the formula-based numerical and conceptual problems are regarded as a scoring area if the student has good concepts and application-based knowledge.

2. How can I get full marks in the JEE Main Physics question paper?

Before you start, create a study plan. While preparing the study plan, consider what should be studied first, which areas require more attention, and so on. Then, divide the plan so that each subject gets the same amount of time and you still have time for revision.

  • Practice a lot of JEE Main Mock test papers. Taking a mock test will help you better understand your preparation level. In addition, the candidates will be able to get a feel of the actual JEE Main Physics question paper structure. 
  • Begin with your preparation as early as possible. Don’t delay until the last months. You will have more time to revise if you start early, which will help you secure excellent JEE Main results.
  • Students run after several modules and random test series. Instead, concentrate on limited material and repeat it several times. For example, you could begin with HC Verma and then IIT JEE Questions. After completing earlier years’ papers, you can work on other Arihant and GRB publications if you have time left over.

3. Is the JEE Main Physics question paper tough?

For many students,the JEE Main Physics section is challenging. The JEE Main Physics question paper is designed to assess your intellectual understanding. You must be familiar with the topics and comprehend all concepts. The JEE Main question paper will never be out of the curriculum. Mostly concept-based questions will be asked. The questions will assess your knowledge and ability to apply that information to solve problems. So, a well-rounded preparation will help you score good marks even if the Physics questions are hard.

4. What is the best way to study JEE Main Physics?

Make a preparation timetable for JEE Main. Allot at least 4-5 hours daily for JEE Main preparation and 2 hours specifically for Physics apart from school hours. Refer to the JEE Main Physics curriculum and mark the topics in your textbooks. Solve a lot of problems from the JEE Main Physics question paper.

Begin with the NCERT textbook for classes 11 and 12 and read each chapter attentively. Make your notes after studying the topics and, if necessary, refer to extra materials for examples.

5. How can I get access to last year's JEE Main Physics question papers with answers?

Refer to the links provided in the above section. Students will grasp concepts quickly and easily due to the answer keys and solutions provided for JEE Main Physics question papers. In addition, solving previous exam question papers is an excellent study tool for students to improve their problem-solving skills and learn more about test patterns.