NCERT Books Class 12 Chemistry PDF
CBSE Class 12 NCERT Books for Chemistry
The National Council of Educational Research and Training, or NCERT, was established by the Indian government to oversee the improvement of the country’s school education system. The NCERT publishes and produces textbooks that strictly follow the school curriculum currently used in a majority of schools. The best option for students hoping to do well in their 12th board examinations is the NCERT Chemistry Class 12 book, which adheres to the CBSE syllabus.
Students who prefer to use online resources over printed books will find the NCERT Chemistry Class 12 PDF to be a useful tool. In order to teach students and prepare them for the intensely challenging class 12 board examinations, teachers and educators all over the nation rely on the NCERT books for class 12 Chemistry.
NCERT Books Class 12 Chemistry
|Medium||English / Hindi|
|Study Materials||Free Resources Available|
|PDF Solutions||Available in PDF|
|Part 1||NCERT Chemistry Book Class 12 Part 1 PDF Download|
|Part 2||NCERT Chemistry Book Class 12 Part 2 PDF Download|
NCERT Chemistry Class 12 PDF – NCERT Books
CBSE Class 12 Chemistry:
If you approach it with the right strategy and preparation, chemistry is a subject that can easily be mastered. You have the option of selecting significant chapters and topics from Chemistry, for instance, in order to prepare for the CBSE Class 12 board exam. A data-driven strategy is a way to go if you want to get good marks on the upcoming chemistry board exam.
NCERT for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry:
The NCERT solutions were developed with the intention of helping students in both the process of writing clear and concise answers for board examinations and the process of preparing for objective questions in JEE and NEET. In place of approaching problems within a predefined structure, the objective is to direct people toward the development of problem-solving skills. It is widely known that the NCERT Class 12 Chemistry textbooks contain a curriculum that has been modernised and substantially rewritten. The NCERT Chemistry Books are written with the most recent exam patterns and the CBSE syllabus in mind when compiled. By utilising the most recent exam papers from each year, NCERT ensures that the Chemistry textbooks are always up to date.
Chapter Wise Weightage for CBSE Class 12 Chemistry:
You can find information about the distribution of marks by section at any time. Even though there isn’t a set number of marks for each chapter, we will be able to give you an idea of how important each topic is by looking at questions from the past decade. As a consequence of this, we have formulated the CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Chapter Wise Mark Distribution and Weightage for the students listed below, based on our research and evaluation of a wide variety of sources. The final exams are worth 70 marks, and the practicals are worth 30 marks, for a combined total of 100 marks for this subject.
|Chapter No.||Chapter Name||Marks|
|6||General Principles and Process of Isolation of Elements||19|
|7||p -Block Elements|
|8||d -and f -Block Elements|
|10||Haloalkanes and Haloarenes||28|
|11||Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers|
|12||Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids|
|16||Chemistry in Everyday Life|
NCERT Class 12 Chemistry all Chapter Name
One of the core subjects for board exams is chemistry. The NCERT syllabus for class 12 chemistry covers a wide range of topics and questions, all of which have been covered by the respective sections of this article.
Students can find information on organic chemistry, acids and bases and other topics in any of the NCERT 12 chemistry textbooks. A vast majority of the questions come from these chapters.
We have included in the PDF for Class 12 NCERT Chemistry all of the important topics and questions that we have compiled from a variety of sources and determined to be relevant. It is anticipated that students who study this will have an advantage over their classmates on both the board examinations and any other entrance exams they may take.
Chapter 1: Solid State
In the NCERT Chemistry Class 12 PDF book, one of the most important chapters is Solid State. In general, the properties and internal structures of molecules and compounds are the focus of study in the field of solid-state chemistry. Solid-state concepts allow for the categorisation of compounds into a great number of different groups.
Because of the extensive scope of their influence, key ideas from solid-state chemistry are also combined with those from solid-state physics, metallurgy, crystallography and electronics.
The topics of crystalline solids, unit cell dimension and lattice structures are some of the topics that are covered in depth and given a lot of attention in the NCERT PDF Class 12 chemistry textbook.
Chapter 2: Solutions
The chapter on solutions is another crucial part of the chemistry syllabus for class 12. The term “solution” refers to a homogenous mixture that is produced by combining two or more different solutes with one or more different solvents. The substance that has been dissolved is referred to as the solute, and the medium in which it has been dissolved is known as the solvent. Water is one of the solvents that is used in almost every industry.
The various types of solutions as well as the concentration and solubility of various solids and gases in liquids are some of the primary topics that are covered in this chapter. As a component of the NCERT Chemistry Class 12 PDF, this material is intended to be thoroughly studied.
Chapter 3: Electrochemistry
Electrochemistry, which is the joint study of electronics and chemistry, is a favourite subject area for the majority of examiners and a critical chapter in the NCERT Class 12 chemistry textbook. It determines whether an electric current has been generated as a result of a chemical reaction or whether it has been produced as a result of a chemical reaction. When electrons move back and forth between an electrode and an electrolyte, the result is the production of a current of this kind in the electric circuit.
When it comes to reviewing electrochemistry, you shouldn’t look any further than our NCERT Chemistry Class 12 PDF, which places a particular emphasis on this subject and should serve as your one-stop solution.
Chapter 4: Chemical Kinetics
The study of the rates at which various chemical reactions take place is a part of the branch of chemistry known as chemical kinetics. It provides a more in-depth explanation of how the speed at which reactions typically take place can be affected by a variety of experimental conditions, such as temperature, reaction medium or the utilisation of catalysts.
The study of immediate states of a reaction, which occur between the initial state and the final product, takes place while the reaction is taking place.
Students should be sure to put a lot of effort into practising the numerous mathematical calculations that are highlighted in the Class 12 chemistry NCERT book PDF. These calculations are related to rate calculation.
Chapter 5: Surface Chemistry
Surface chemistry and surface physics are fields of study that explore the chemical and physical transformations that take place on surfaces as a consequence of the interaction between two distinct types of matter. The interfaces between a solid and a liquid, a solid and a vacuum, and a liquid and a gas are three of the most common types of interfaces that are the subject of research. Research into surface engineering focuses on the practical applications of surface chemistry.
The adsorption of liquids and gases is a common theme in surface chemistry, and this is an important chapter in the NCERT Chemistry Class 12 PDF. Students should have a basic understanding of the concept before moving on to the next section.
Chapter 6: Isolation of Elements
Since the beginning of human history, people have been able to explore the surface and core of our planet, where they have found thousands of elements either naturally occurring or in the form of ores. Ores can contain a wide variety of elements, including gold, silver, carbon, and sulphur, all of which can be extracted from the ore using various chemical processes. These ores can also contain a multitude of other elements, some of which are more common than others.
These methods of isolating elements need to be practicable enough to be carried out in a laboratory setting. The NCERT 12 Chemistry PDF provides a wealth of information on the various processes of separation, all of which ought to be thoroughly researched.
Chapter 7: The p-Block Elements
According to the electronic configurations of the various blocks of the periodic table, scientists have given each block of the table a unique name. According to these rules, the elements that can be found in groups 13 to 18 are referred to as p-block elements, and their general configuration looks like this: ns2np1-6. For the NCERT chemistry book, all of these element groups are extremely important.
The p-Block elements are the only group in the periodic table to contain all three types of elements, which are metals, nonmetals and metalloids respectively. The NCERT Chemistry Class 12 PDF provides an extensive list of the characteristics shared by all of the elements that are located in the p-block of the periodic table.
Chapter 8: d and f-Block Elements
Elements from the d and f blocks are also found in nature and are included in the periodic table. This is similar to the p-block elements.
d-block encompasses groups 3 through 12 and begins with the fourth period of the day. They are referred to as transition elements because they bridge the gap between the elements that have a strong electropositive charge in groups 1 and 2 and the elements that have a weak electropositive charge in groups 13 to 16.
In the standard periodic table with 18 columns, the elements of the f-block typically appear as a footnote. This block is composed of metals from periods 6 and 7. In the NCERT PDF for Class 12 chemistry, each of these topics is covered in greater detail.
Chapter 9: Coordination Compounds
Coordination compounds are an essential topic covered in the NCERT Chemistry Class 12 PDF. Coordination compounds are defined as compounds that contain a metal ion in their centre, which is referred to as the coordination centre, and ions of other elements joined with the centre ion, which is referred to as ligands. The coordinated covalent bonds that exist between the metallic ion and its ligands are a topic that has been the focus of extensive research for some time.
These complexes can have an overall charge, and they also exhibit a variety of unknown and unseen properties, all of which are described in greater depth in the NCERT book for chemistry class 12, available in a PDF format.
Chapter 10: Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
When they form bonds with halogen compounds, aliphatic hydrocarbons and aromatic hydrocarbons are referred to as haloalkanes and haloarenes, respectively. These are the haloalkanes and haloarenes. Because of their high electronegativity, these halogen ions can successfully take the place of hydrogen atoms in organic molecules, thereby producing the requisite compounds.
In the chemistry PDF for the Class 12 NCERT course, it is also mentioned that halogen atoms attach themselves to the sp3 hybridised carbon in alkyl groups, whereas for aryl groups, they attach themselves to the sp2 hybridised carbon. Compounds of this kind are particularly important and are used in our daily lives in a wide variety of different ways.
Chapter 11: Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
One of the most important parts of organic chemistry is the study of the formation of alcohols and phenols, both of which result from the substitution of hydrogen atoms in aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons by a -OH group. Alcohols and phenols are two chemical compounds that are extremely useful to us in our day-to-day lives and also make up a significant portion of the food that we consume.
All of their applications, as well as other reactions that involve them, are discussed in the PDF for NCERT Chemistry Class 12.
Compounds are considered to be ethers when an alkoxy (R-O) or aryloxy (Ar-O) group takes the place of the hydrogen atoms in the molecule. Fragrances often require the use of ethers as an ingredient.
Chapter 12: Aldehydes, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acids
In organic chemistry, the carbonyl group (>C=O) is widely considered to be one of the most important functional groups. They are referred to as aldehydes when the carbon and hydrogen atoms have been attached to the carbonyl group. Ketones are compounds that are formed when two carbon atoms form a covalent bond with another group. And the substance is referred to as a carboxylic acid if the group forms a bond with a -OH group.
The PDF for Class 12 of the NCERT chemistry course contains all of the equations in which compounds like these participate, as well as a listing of all of their properties.
Chapter 13: Amines
Amines are organic compounds in which alkyl or aryl groups take the place of the hydrogen atoms in the ammonia (NH3) molecule, similar to other organic compounds previously discussed. Amines are the building blocks from which proteins and amino acids, which play an important role in the complex operation of our muscles and other body parts are derived.
Amines are compounds that have one atom of nitrogen and an additional lone pair of electrons. The NH2 group is referred to as the amino group because it is a functional group. The NCERT chemistry book for class 12 devotes a significant amount of space to discussions of reactions that involve amines and amides.
Chapter 14: Biomolecules
Although biology and chemistry are two distinct academic disciplines, human bodies are a combination of the two. Our bodies are made up of thousands of different types of atoms and molecules, and we would not be able to function properly without them. Biochemistry is the study of how chemicals influence the structure of human bodies and contribute to the body’s ability to function effectively.
The study of biomolecules is one of the most interesting topics covered in NCERT chemistry class 12 part 2. Carbohydrates, proteins, lipids and hormones are the four types of biomolecules that are most important to the functioning of our bodies.
Chapter 15: Polymers
The majority of the tangible items that we use in our day-to-day lives are composed of polymers in some way. Plastic, the most important polymer, is also one of the products that are used the most frequently in modern times. The PDF for NCERT Chemistry Class 12 discusses how polymers are formed as well as the various applications that polymers have.
When we take a look inside polymer molecules, we will see repeating units that are referred to as monomers. These monomers are connected to one another by means of covalent bonds. Polymers are considered to be macromolecules because of their repeating structure, which results in a very high molecular mass. These are also covered in the PDF version of the NCERT chemistry course for class 12.
Chapter 16: Chemistry in Everyday Life
When all of the above chapters are put together, students shouldn’t just see them as formulas and reactions they have to do in labs and write down on tests. Instead, they should have a big-picture view of how each chapter contributed to making the world what it is today, including everything inside and outside of us.
This chapter provides a conclusion to the entire curriculum covered in the NCERT chemistry book for Class 12 found in PDF format. This chapter covers a variety of important topics including life-saving drugs and medicines, cleaning agents, active medicinal drugs, detergents that we use and artificial food quality enhancers.
Advantages of studying from NCERT Books
The NCERT books provide extra advantages in terms of their scope, quality and subject matter in addition to the fact that they are the textbooks that are required to be used in schools all over India. You should consider using the NCERT Chemistry Class 12 PDF download for a variety of reasons including the following:
- Illustrations that grab your attention: The books published by NCERT provide clear and uncomplicated explanations of fundamental ideas. These explanations are accompanied by vibrant illustrations that assist students in making connections between ideas and real-world situations. Students are better able to conceptualise the fundamental chemical reactions and equations after reading the NCERT Chemistry book because it includes detailed diagrams of laboratory experiments and set-ups.
- Understanding is encouraged: Unlike a lot of other textbooks and study materials, which simply force students to memorise information over and over again, NCERT books encourage students to think. Instead of providing students with repetitive subject material that focuses only on problem-solving for examinations, the text is presented in language that is crystal clear and articulated, and it helps to prepare students to wonder about the natural world that is all around them.
- Increased opportunities to solve problems: The NCERT chemistry books include at the end of each chapter, a set of core questions that are designed to improve students’ abilities to find solutions to problems. These questions, which are based on real-life scenarios and provide students with invaluable practice, help students maintain a high level of readiness for a wide range of challenging exam topics.
- More stress on the foundation: The NCERT books place a greater emphasis on foundational concepts and ideas that are included in the Chemistry curriculum. This can be seen in the way that the books are organised. Nearly every question that is asked on the board exams is taken from the NCERT books, specifically the chapters and topics that are emphasised.
- All of the books published by NCERT have a straightforward and uncluttered design and layout, which makes them appropriate for elementary school students to read. Because these books are typically written by industry professionals with the needs of a wide range of students in mind, diligently studying them will almost certainly result in higher grades for the reader.
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Extramarks is your route to success in competitive exams with a wide range of live classrooms, doubt-clearing classes and learning resources, including the NCERT Class 12 Chemistry PDF.
Important CBSE Class 12 Chemistry Chapters and Topics
These materials are provided to help students pass the CBSE Class 12 Board Exam with less time and energy.
- Chapters like Biomolecules, Polymers and Chemistry seem to be simple, even for low-scoring students. It should not be disregarded since it carries a ten-mark weighting.
- The solutions in physical chemistry and chemical kinetics are important and worth 5 marks, so you shouldn’t skip them.
- The crucial chapters in inorganic chemistry are Coordination Chemistry (Naming) and Surface Chemistry (D/B), each worth ten marks. Two additional important chapters for the CBSE Class 12th Board Exam are P-block (Structure, Hybridisation) and D-block (KMnO4, K2Cr2o7), each worth 13 marks.
- The chapters on haloalkanes and haloarenes in organic chemistry are essential. Important subjects are also covered. Examples of significant name reactions are as follows: Haloalkane and Haloarenes Alcohols, Phenols and Ether Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Amines.
Important Chapters with Marks from CBSE Class 12 Chemistry:
The following section includes a key list of key chapters and themes, along with the grades they received and an analysis of those chapters and themes using various tests and patterns.
5 marks plus 1 mark from solutions: Concentration Terms, Raoult’s Law, and Henry Law with both ideal and non-ideal solutions, colligative properties (Numericals)
5 marks plus 1 mark for Electrochemistry: The Nernst Equation, Electrolytic Cell, Conductance Measurement, Electrochemical Series, and a Quick Note on Batteries and Fuel Cells are all topics covered in the exam questions.
5 marks plus 1 mark for Chemical Kinetics: This chapter (0 & 1st Order), Arrhenius Equation also frames questions about rate law, order of reaction, and half-life estimates. Additionally, covered in this chapter is how to frame graphical problems.
4 marks, plus 1 mark for surface chemistry: D/B: Some surface chemistry questions include lyophilic/lyophobic, physical/chemical adsorption, enzymes/catalyst, and adsorption/absorption. Theorem of Preferential Charge Ads
Isolation of Elements: General Principles & Process: 3 marks.
p-block: 8 marks (important topic – Characteristics Trends): A few processes, including contact and deacons processes, interhalogen compounds, compound structure identification, and NCERT exercise problems, are also very significant, as are Groups 17 and 18.
5 marks for D and F-block: D/B Lanthanides Actinides, Physical Characteristics, Oxidising Action of KMnO4 & K2Cr2O7 & Their Properties.
3 Marks for Coordination Compounds : Spectrochemical series, crystal field splitting, nomenclature, Isomerism & VBT**
Practice questions can be found on metallurgy’s Ellingham Diagram, leaching, blast furnaces, and the Hall Heroult Process.
One 5-mark question from the NCERT book is always asked from the back exercise of the book.
2 Marks Nomenclature, Distinguished 2 marks on the test, 3 marks for mechanism, 3 marks for Reaction to a Name, 4 marks for conversions.
4 marks for haloalkanes and haloarenes (SN1 AND SN2)
Alcohol, Phenols, and Ethers: 4 Marks (hydration and dehydration mechanisms) Phenolic Acidity, 6 Marks for Aldehyde, Ketones, and Carboxylic Acid (Name Reactions Important)
D/B Amines, 4 Marks (basicity order), 4 Biomolecule Marks (Sucrose Structure, D/B Amylose and Amylopectin, Aminoacids & Proteins)
3 marks for polymers (Type of polymers and examples of different polymers) and 3 marks for Chemistry in Everyday Life (uses of various medicines, saponification and some differences).
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Which chapters in the Chemistry NCERT Class 12 PDF download are considered to be the most important ones?
Solutions, solid state, electrochemistry, the p-block elements, the d and f-block elements, coordination compounds, haloalkanes, and haloarenes are a few of the crucial chapters in the NCERT book for Class 12 Chemistry. Each topic in the NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Book is explained in detail to make sure you fully comprehend it. The books help students get ready for the upcoming Class 12 board exam. The book also covers each of the key topics covered in competitive or entrance exams. Students must use the NCERT books to deepen their understanding of the most crucial topics.
2. Why should you choose to study from the NCERT books provided in PDF format for the Class 12 Chemistry subject?
The NCERT books provide clear and concise explanations of important concepts along with vibrant illustrations to help students connect them to real-world situations. The text is written in a transparent language that makes it simple to understand. Instead of providing a formulaic subject that focuses solely on problem-solving for exams, it encourages students to consider the natural world around them. Nearly all of the questions in the board exams are taken from the NCERT books and the chapters that they emphasise.
3. What chapters are covered in the first PDF chapter of the NCERT Chemistry Class 12 book?
The chapters in the NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Book were created after a lengthy discussion between leading experts and teachers. Part I and Part II of the NCERT Class 12 Chemistry Textbook are divided into topics for both board exams and competitive exams. Solutions, electrochemistry, surface chemistry, chemical kinetics, isolation of elements, solid state, coordination compounds and various other topics are covered in part 1 of the NCERT Chemistry Class 12 textbook. Students should be informed about the chapters as well as the themes because chemistry classes include both theoretical and practical components.