Butan 1 Ol Formula

Butan-1-Ol Formula

Butan-1-Ol Formula is C4H10O. Butan-1-Ol occurs naturally as a by-product of sugar and other saccharide ethanol fermentation and can be found in a variety of foods and beverages. It is also a legal artificial flavouring where it is found in butter, cream, fruit, rum, whiskey, ice cream and ice, candy, baked goods, and cordials. It is also found in a variety of consumer products.

Properties Of Butan-1-Ol

The C4H10O is the Butan-1-Ol Formula. It is important to know all the important properties of butan-1-Ol. It exists in the liquid state and is colorless. Furthermore, it has a sweet banana-like alcoholic odour.

Butan-1-Ol Structural Formula

In molecular terms, Butan-1-Ol Formula is given as C4H10O. Butanol has four isomeric structures that are formed by changing the position of the OH group or the positions of carbon atoms that are joined together. Bhutan-1-Ol isomers include isobutanol, butan-2-Ol, and tert-butanol. 2-Butan-2-Ol is a straight-chain isomer with an internal carbon OH group, isobutanol is a branched isomer with an internal carbon OH group, and tert-butanol is a branched isomer with an internal carbon OH group.

What is Butan-1-Ol:

It is a natural component in many alcoholic beverages but it is present in low concentrations. N-butyraldehyde is the main source of butan-1-Ol. The fermentation of starches, glycerol, mannite, etc also produces butan-1-Ol. Heat, sparks, or flames can quickly ignite the highly flammable liquid and vapour butan-1-ol. Its vapours combine explosively with air to form these mixtures. It is dangerous if swallowed because it is acutely toxic. Skin and eye irritation may result from contact with butan-1-ol. High levels of butan-1-Ol exposure can depress the central nervous system, as well as cause drowsiness and respiratory irritations.

Chemical and Physical Properties:

The Butan-1-Ol Formula is given in the form of C4H10O. It is a colorless and refractive liquid. Acidified potassium dichromate acts as an oxidising agent and oxidises butanol to butanoic acid in the reaction between butanol and butanoic acid. Butan-1-Ol undergoes combustion with oxygen to produce carbon dioxide and water as by-products.


Butan-1-ol has been proposed as a diesel and gasoline substitute. It is produced in trace amounts in nearly all fermentations (see fusel oil). Clostridium produces much higher butanol yields. The yield of biobutanol from biomass is being studied.

Butanol is being researched as a potential biofuel (butanol fuel). Butanol at 85% strength can be used in cars designed for gasoline without requiring any engine modifications (unlike 85% ethanol), and it provides more energy per volume than ethanol, nearly as much as gasoline. As a result, a vehicle powered by butanol would have fuel consumption more comparable to gasoline than ethanol. To reduce soot emissions, butanol can also be added to diesel fuel. The fermentation process of biomass by bacteria also results in the production of butan-1-ol. It is also used in the production of varnishes in industries. Butan-1-Ol formula is one of the ingredients in artificial and processed flavourings. It is very useful in assessing lipid-free protein from egg yolk.


There are some health hazards related to exposure to the Butan-1-Ol. It is necessary to get familiar in order to avoid them.

Liquid Butan-1-ol is irritating to the eyes. If contacted repeatedly, it can cause irritation to skin as well. There are

Risk Factors:

There are risk factors associated with the Butan-1-Ol Formula. It is important to

The higher concentration of butan-1-Ol causes irritation of the respiratory tract. Butan-1-Ol Formula is represented by C4H10O.

Solved Examples

To solve questions related to butan-1-Ol, it is important to know the Butan-1-Ol Formula. All the questions related to the molar mass of Butan-1-Ol can be answered with help of the Butan-1-Ol Formula. The Extramarks website and mobile application has study materials that students can use to practice questions related to each chapter in their syllabus. All the concepts can be well understood with the help of learning modules available on Extramarks.

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