Calcium Chloride Formula
Calcium Chloride Formula
In this topic, students will learn about Calcium Chloride Formula, anhydrous Calcium Chloride, or Calcium Dichloride. It is an ionic compound containing two ions, Calcium and Chlorine (the formulas for calcium and chlorine are Ca²⁺ and Cl⁻, respectively). ). The chemical Calcium Chloride Formula is CaCl₂. This inorganic compound is a white crystalline solid, odourless and highly soluble in water.
Calcium Chloride Formula Structure
The chemical Calcium Chloride Formula for Calcium Chloride can be expressed as CaCl2. It is an ionic compound composed of the calcium cation Ca2+ and two chloride anions. Divalent calcium metal forms an ionic bond with two chlorine atoms. Calcium Chloride is an ionic compound made up of ions. As students may know, ions can have a positive or negative charge. Calcium belongs to group 2 with a charge of 2+ and chlorine belongs to group 7 with a charge of -1. A neutral has a total charge of 0, so there must be a charge balance. Therefore, two chloride ions are required to balance the charge of the calcium ion since 2−2=0. The formation of CaCl2 occurs primarily through the reaction of limestone (CaCO3) and hydrochloric acid (HCl). The chemical formula can be written as: CaCO3 + 2HCl → CaCl2 + CO2 + H2O(aq) It is also produced as a major by-product in the production of soda ash Na2CO3 by the Solvay process. Students can visit Extramarks for Calcium Chloride Formula
Properties Of Calcium Chloride Formula
This inorganic compound is a white crystalline solid, odourless and highly soluble in water.
- Calcium Chloride Formula is CaCl₂
- Molar Mass is 110.98 g/mol
- Density is 2.15 g/cm³
- Boiling Point is 1935⁰C
- Melting Point is 772⁰ C
- Uses of Calcium Chloride:
Calcium Chloride is used as an electrolyte in sports drinks and other beverages including mineral water. Therefore, it is often found as a solidifying agent in Calcium Chloride foods. Used in food additives, food preservatives, dyes and paints industry, etc. It is commonly used in concrete mixing because it simultaneously accelerates concrete tumbling while reducing the impact of moisture on the mix. It is also used as a brine in water treatment and refrigeration plants. It also has medicinal properties and is used to lower blood pressure and treat acid burns. For more information about the Calcium Chloride Formula, students can visit Extramarks.