Caffeine Chemical Formula

Caffeine Chemical Formula

Caffeine is a commonly used drug in the world. It is found in coffee, tea, sodas, some medicines, and energy drinks. It is important to understand the positive and negative side effects of caffeine consumption. This article discusses the chemical composition and side effects of caffeine. Students can learn the Caffeine Chemical Formula on Extramarks.

Physical Properties of Caffeine

The Caffeine Chemical Formula is vital information. Caffeine is called by name IUPAC name 1,3,7-trimethylpurine-2,6-dione. This is an organic compound that is part of the WHO Essential Medicines List. It is also part of the most consumed coffee beverages and very popular luxury food.

Chemical Structure of Caffeine

The Caffeine Chemical Formula is C8H10N4O2. There are 16 different types of Caffeine Chemical Formula, with coffee and tea being the most popular. It is also found in mate leaves and guarana seeds

Caffeine Uses

Caffeine is a psychotropic drug because it acts as a stimulant and also contains mood-altering properties. It is one of the most commonly used legal drugs in the world. A total of 60 plant pesticides are used to naturally extract caffeine. Caffeine is also found in coffee beans, tea leaves, yerba mate, guarana berries, cola nuts, and cocoa beans. However, it can also be synthesised in chemical laboratories and added to foods and medicines. Caffeine contains methylxanthine, a molecular compound derivative of xanthine. Xanthines are protein-rich purine bases found in animal and plant tissues.

Definition of Caffeine:

Caffeine is a drug. Students can refer to Caffeine Chemical Formula. A drug is a chemical substance that has a biological action. Also, although Caffeine occurs naturally, it affects the body. It can also lead to addiction. Some people have even experienced withdrawal symptoms. Students are advised to check Caffeine Chemical Formula


The Caffeine chemical comes primarily from the various plants grown for it. The leaves of tea and coffee also contain up to 5% Caffeine. Caffeine is separated by organic solvent extraction and high-pressure extraction. There are several methods, including the reaction of dimethylurea with malonic acid to produce caffeine. The Caffeine Chemical Formula can be seen on Extramarks.

It is a white, odourless, hygroscopic crystalline solid. It has a bitter taste and a density of 1.23 g mL−1. Its melting point is 235°C. It is soluble in water and is a central nervous system stimulant. The caffeine molecule is very similar in molecular structure to the adenosine molecule, so it functions specifically in the part corresponding to the nitrogenous base adenine. For more information, students can refer to Caffeine Chemical Formula


Caffeine molecules are commonly derived from various plants grown for this purpose. Tea and coffee leaves have been calculated to contain up to 5% caffeine. The caffeine is separated by extraction with an organic solvent and a high-pressure extraction process yields as much caffeine as possible. In a laboratory, caffeine can be synthesised in several ways. These methods include the reaction of dimethylurea with malonic acid. Caffeine is a potent central nervous system stimulant. The mechanism of action involved is thought to reversibly block the actions of adenosine at some receptors and stimulate the nervous system. There are concerns that caffeine may exacerbate bleeding disorders. Caffeine can increase the amount of calcium that can be washed out through urine. If one has osteoporosis or low bone density, the intake of caffeine should be limited to 300 mg or less per day. Students can refer to Extramarks for Caffeine Chemical Formula

Solved Examples

Q.1: Calculate the molar mass of caffeine.

Solution: The Caffeine Chemical Formula is: C8H10N4O2

Its molar mass is:

= 8 x 12.0107 + 10 x 1.00794 + 4 x 14.0067 + 2 x 15.9994

= 194.19 grams/mole.

Q.2: What are the side effects of Caffeine?

Solution: Caffeine can be taken in low doses, but high doses make it highly toxic. It is toxic if inhaled or swallowed and can cause infertility.

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