Potasium Carbonate Formula

Potassium Carbonate Formula

Inorganic compound Potassium Carbonate Formula has the chemical formula K2CO3 and its chemical name Potassium carbonate. In the production of soap and glass, it is used as a dipotassium salt of carbonic acid.

Formula of Potassium Carbonate

Pearl ash is a white powder that is hygroscopic and deliquescent. As with alkaline, it is odourless and tastes the same. The compound is readily soluble in water, but insoluble in acetone, alcohol, and ethanol. A pH of 11.6 is present in it. As a primary component of potash, it plays an important role.

What is Potassium Carbonate?

A primary component of potash is Potassium Carbonate Formula, which is further refined into pearl ash or salts of tartar. To remove impurities from potash, pearl ash was traditionally baked in a kiln. Pearl ash was the fine, white powder that remained. Samuel Hopkins was awarded the first patent by the US Patent Office in 1790 for improving the method of making potash and pearl ash. Before the development of baking powder, pearl ash was used to leaven quick breads in late 18th-century North America.

Physical Properties of Potassium Carbonate

Potassium carbonate has a density of 2.43 grams per cubic centimetre. It has a molecular weight of 138.205. Potassium Carbonate Formula melts at 891 degrees Celsius.

Chemical Properties of Potassium Carbonate

  • Mead and wine are produced with it as a buffering agent.
  • According to antique documents, it was used to soften hard water.
  • Various B class fires such as those caused by deep-fat fryers can be extinguished with this chemical.
  • As a by-product of potassium nitrate, it is used in condensed aerosol fire suppression.
  • In welding fluxes and on arc welding rods as a flux coating.
  • Animal feed ingredients such as potassium chloride are used to satisfy the potassium requirements of farmed animals, such as broiler breeder chickens.
  • To regulate the acidity of Swedish snus snuff

Structure of Potassium Carbonate

Potassium Carbonate Formula is used in the alkalization of cocoa powder to produce Dutch process chocolate by balancing the pH (i.e., reducing acidity) of natural cocoa beans. As Dutchman Coenraad Johannes van Houten developed the process of adding Potassium Carbonate Formula to cocoa powder in 1828, the process is often called Dutching (or Dutch-processed cocoa powder).

Production of Potassium Carbonate

  • Commercial Potassium Carbonate Formula can be prepared by reacting potassium hydroxide (KOH) with carbon dioxide (CO2). Following is the chemical reaction for the same:

2 KOH + CO2 → K2CO3 + H2O

  • In an organic amine presence, Potassium Carbonate Formula can be obtained by treating it with carbon dioxide (CO2), resulting in potassium bicarbonate, which can then be further calcined to yield potassium carbonate. Here is the chemical reaction for the same:

2 KHCO3 → K2CO3 + H2O + CO2

Uses of Potassium Carbonate

  • The basic inorganic chemical industry, the light industry, and the medicine industry use potassium carbonate as a raw material. Electrode tube, optical glass, TV tube, printing items, bulb, dye, photography items, ink, sodium metasilicate, plating, polyester powder, leather, crystal, potash soap, drugs, and ceramic building materials have been primarily produced with it.
  • Additionally, it can be used as an adsorbent, rubber protector, and dry powder.
  • Chemical fertilizer syngas can be treated with this compound to remove carbon dioxide.
  • Potassic fertilizer can also be made from this.
  • As a detergent builder and gourmet food ingredient, Potassium Carbonate Formula also finds use in a variety of fields.

Potential Health Effects

  • The skin can be irritated and reddened when exposed to Potassium Carbonate Formula. Based on studies with guinea pigs, this material does not cause skin sensitization.
  • Exposure to the eyes can cause redness and severe irritation to the eyelids and conjunctiva. It is possible to cause severe and permanent eye damage by prolonged and untreated eye contact.

  • Symptoms of ingestion include oesophageal, oral, and glottis redness, ulceration, irritation, stomach & intestinal irritation, edema, and burns. Overconsumption can also cause vomiting, ulcers, shock, and even death.

  • Inhalation of this material may cause upper airway irritation, coughing, and redness of the mouth, including the upper airways.

Applications Potassium Carbonate

  • Production of soap, glass, and dishware (historically)
  • When an organic phase contains a small amount of acidic impurity, it can be useful for drying. It is not suitable for acidic compounds. As well as drying ketones, alcohols, and amines prior to distillation, it may also be used to dry some acids.
  • There are many traditional uses for it in cuisine. In Chinese and Southeast Asian cuisines, grass jelly, hand-pulled noodles, and moon cakes are made from it. Tripe is also tenderized with it. In German gingerbread recipes, Potassium Carbonate Formula is often used in combination with hartshorn. Potassium carbonate should be used with caution and in a limited amount to prevent harm.

Solved Question For You

  • Chemical fertilizer syngas can be treated with this compound to remove carbon dioxide.
  • Potassic fertilizer can also be made from this.
  • As a detergent builder and gourmet food ingredient, Potassium Carbonate Formula also finds use in a variety of fields.
Chemistry Related Formulas
Barium Iodide Formula Ammonium Iodide Formula
Butyric Acid Formula Bromic Acid Formula
Chlorate Formula Combined Gas Law Formula
Chromate Formula Copper I Chloride Formula
Galactose Formula Iron Iii Nitrate Formula
Methyl Acetate Formula Iron III Sulfate Formula
Perchloric Acid Formula Monosodium Glutamate Formula
Sodium Citrate Formula Propan 2 Ol Formula
Ammonium Dichromate Formula Silver Sulfate Formula
Bromine Formula Sulfate Ion Formula
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the best way to prepare Potassium Carbonate Formula?

Commercially, Potassium Carbonate Formula is produced by reacting potassium hydroxide with carbon dioxide. The alternative process involves treating potassium chloride with carbon dioxide in the presence of an organic amine to produce potassium bicarbonate, which is then calcined to produce potassium carbonate.

2. How is potassium carbonate used?

The production of soap and glass can be greatly aided by potassium carbonate. A mild drying agent, it can also be used as a drying agent. This compound is used as a buffering agent in some wine production processes. As a fire suppressant, this compound is also used.