ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Geography
ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus
The ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus is available for the students on the Extramarks website. As the exam approaches, the students can refer to the available study material on our website. The ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus consists of the latest topics covered in the entire academic session. The syllabus is built on the latest guidelines provided by the education board.
The subject of geography interprets location features and identifies landforms by their contours. The students can learn about the soil resources, climate, location, and physical features. They also get a chance to learn about the environment and current geographical issues. Some of the essential topics are introduced in the syllabus, such as waste management, current geographical problems, and mineral resources.
The students can regularly visit the Extramarks website for the latest notifications and updates on ISC & ICSE Syllabus.
ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus for Semester (1 & 2)
The Geography Syllabus Class 10 ICSE elaborates on the uses and importance of resources and explains the problems in the development of India. In the syllabus, the students will learn- Interpretation of Topographical Maps, Map of India, Climate, Soil Resources, Natural Vegetation, and Water Resources. Further, they will learn about Energy Resources, Agriculture, Manufacturing Industries, and Transport.
Some of the essential topics the students will get to explore in the ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus include
- Position and Extent of India: Studying the physical features of India-mountains, plains, and rivers.
- Temperature and Rainfall distribution
- Characteristics, composition, and types of soil
- Sources of Surface water and methods of irrigation
- Uses and distribution of Manganese, Iron ore, copper, and Bauxite.
- Importance of Indian Agriculture
- Important Modes of Transport
Topics covered in the ICSE syllabus class 10 geography:
|Unit No.||Semester 1|
||Interpretation of Topographical Maps|
|2.||Map of India|
||Location, Extent, and Physical Features|
|6.||Mineral and Energy Resources|
|7.||Agriculture in India|
ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus Part 1: Map Work
The ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus has been briefly explained below.
- Interpretation of Topographical Maps
- Location features with the help of a four-figure grid reference
- Definition of contour interval and identifying landforms marked by contours, slopes, gentle slope, hill, valley, and triangulated height.
- Using conventional symbols on a topographical survey of India map.
- Identification and definition of types of scale given on the map. To measure distances and calculate the area using the scale given therein.
- Identification of drainage and settlement patterns.
- Identifying natural and man-made features.
- Map of India
- The students are required to mark, locate, and name the mountains, plains, deserts, and rivers.
- Mountains, Peaks, and Plateaus: Himalayas, Aravali, Vindhyas, Satpura, Western Ghats, Eastern Ghats, Chota Nagpur Plateaus.
- Plains: Coastal plains- Konkan, Kanara, Malabar, Coromandel, Northern Circars.
- Deserts: Thar (The Great Indian Desert)
- Water Bodies: Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat, Gulf of Mannar, Andaman Sea, Wular Lake.
- Passes: Karakoram, Nathu-La Passes.
- Latitude and Longitudes: Tropic of Cancer, Standard Meridian.
- The direction of Winds: South West Monsoons, North-East Monsoons.
- Soil Distribution: Alluvial, Laterite, Black, and Red Soil.
- Cities: Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Kochi, Allahabad.
- Population: Distribution of Population.
ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus Part 2: Geography of India
- Location, Extent, and Physical Features
- Position and Extent of India.
- The physical features of India- are mountains, plateaus, plains, and rivers.
- Distribution of Temperature, monsoon, and its mechanism.
- Determining the seasons.
- Soil Resources
- Types of soils, composition, and characteristics of minerals.
- Soil erosion and its causes.
- Natural Vegetation
- Importance of forests.
- Types of vegetation and tropical climate
- Forest Conversation
- Water Resources
- Need for conservation and water harvesting
- Importance of irrigation.
- Mineral and Energy Resources
- Conventional sources and Non-conventional sources.
- Importance of Natural Resources.
- Agriculture in India
- Indian Agriculture and its importance.
- Types of farming in India.
- Manufacturing Industries
- Importance and Classification of Agro-based industry.
- Mineral-based Industry.
- Importance and modes of railways, airways, and waterways.
- Waste Management
- Impact of waste accumulation.
- Need for waste management and methods of safe disposal.
- Need and strategies for reducing and recycling waste.
ICSE Class 10 Geography Paper Pattern
The students can start preparing for the first-term ICSE board exam with ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus. The syllabus covers all essential topics for the Paper and Internal Assessment. Further, the theory paper includes two parts, Part I and Part II. The paper will test the student’s understanding of the core topics and geographical conditions.
- Part I of the paper consists of 2 questions, and it will be based on a Topographical Map. Further, Question 2 will be based on an outline Map of India.
- Part II includes five questions. It is an internal assessment where students are required to answer all questions. The questions are based on assignments. The students have to study local geography, environment, transportation in India, and waste management.
The topics for assignments (internal assessment) may be selected from the list mentioned below:
- Local Geography
- Current Geographical Issues
- Transport in India
- List different types of industries
- Need for industrialization in India
- Waste Management
The students are required to prepare a project report on any topic. The topics can be selected as per the choice of the student. Thus, it is essential to refer to the ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus.
ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus & Study Materials 2023-24
The ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus is built on the latest syllabus. The students can refer to the study material available on the Extramarks website. The ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus is important as it strategically helps students prepare for their exams. The syllabus offers step-by-step learning methods for students. It will help the students develop an understanding of natural resources and regions’ development.
The topics are introduced with basic information about the specific one. Further, the students will be able to develop an understanding of terms, concepts, and principles related to Geography.
In addition to ISC & ICSE Syllabus, Extramarks offers various study materials that are constantly updated as per the syllabus. Students may access the study materials by clicking on the respective links below.
ICSE sample question papers
Benefits of studying from ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus:
Benefits of referring to ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus provided by Extramarks include
- The Syllabus covers all the essential topics for theoretical and practical papers.
- The students can learn the subject and topics for better exam preparation.
- The syllabus is presented with detailed and well-organised topics and concepts.
- Students can learn more about the natural resources and development of different regions.
- The students can score more with the help of ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus. It provides a precise understanding of the subject and the weightage of different topics.
- The syllabus for internal assessment has also been given.
ICSE Geography Class 10 Syllabus
There is one paper of two hours duration carrying 80 marks and Internal Assessment of 20 marks. The Paper consists of two parts – Part I and Part II.
Part I (compulsory) consists of two questions. Question 1 is based on Topographical Map. Question 2 is based on outline Map of India. In Part II, you are expected to answer any five questions.
Part I: Map Work
1. Interpretation of Topographical Maps
(a) Locating features with the help of a four figure or a six-figure grid reference.
(b) Definition of contour and contour interval. Identification of landforms marked by contours (steep slope, gentle slope, hill, valley, ridge / water divide, escarpment), triangulated height, spot height, bench mark, relative height/ depth.
(c) Interpretation of colour tints and conventional symbols used on a topographical survey of India map.
(d) Identification and definition of types of scale given on the map. Measuring distances and calculating area using the scale given therein.
(e) Marking directions between different locations, using eight cardinal points.
(f) Identify: Site of prominent villages and/or towns, types of land use / land cover and means of communication with the help of the index given at the bottom of the sheet.
(g) Identification of drainage (direction of flow and pattern) and settlement patterns.
(h) Identification of natural and man-made features.
2. Map of India
On an outline map of India, you are required to locate, mark and name the following:
Mountains, Peaks and Plateaus: Himalayas, Karakoram, Aravali, Vindhyas, Satpura, Western and Eastern Ghats, Nilgiris, Garo, Khasi, Jaintia, Mount Godwin Austin (K2), Mount Kanchenjunga. Deccan Plateau, Chota Nagpur Plateau.
Plains: Indo-Gangetic Plains, Coastal plains – Konkan, Kanara, Malabar, Coromandal, Northern Circars.
Desert: Thar (The Great Indian Desert)
Rivers: Indus, Ravi, Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Satluj, Ganga, Yamuna, Ghaghra, Gomti, Gandak, Kosi, Chambal, Betwa, Son, Damodar, Bhrahmaputra, Narmada, Tapti, Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Cauveri, Tungabhadra.
Water Bodies: Gulf of Kutch, Gulf of Khambhat, Gulf of Mannar, Palk Strait, Andaman Sea, Chilka Lake, Wular Lake.
Passes: Karakoram, Nathu-La Passes.
Latitude and Longitudes: Tropic of Cancer, Standard Meridian (82° 30’E).
Direction of Winds: South West Monsoons (Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal Branches), North East Monsoons and Western Disturbances.
Distribution of Minerals: Oil – Mumbai High (Offshore Oil Field) and Digboi. Iron – Singhbhum, Coal – Jharia.
Soil Distribution: Alluvial, Laterite, Black and Red Soil.
Cities: Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Hyderabad, Bengaluru, Kochi, Chandigarh, Srinangar, Vishakhapatnam, Allahabad.
Population: Distribution of Population (Dense and sparse).
Part II: Geography of India
3. Location, Extent and Physical Features
Position and Extent of India. (through Map only)
The physical features of India – mountains, plateaus, plains and rivers (through Map only)
Distribution of Temperature, Rainfall, winds in Summer and Winter and the factors affecting the climate of the area. Monsoon and its mechanism.
Seasons: March to May – Summer; June to September – Monsoon; October to November – Retreating Monsoon; December to February – Winter.
5. Soil Resources
Types of soils (alluvial, black, red and laterite), composition and characteristics such as colour, texture, minerals and crops associated.
Soil erosion – causes, prevention and conservation.
6. Natural Vegetation
Importance of forests.
Types of vegetation (tropical evergreen, tropical deciduous, tropical desert, littoral and mountain), distribution and correlation with their environment.
7. Water Resources
Sources (Surface water and ground water).
Need for conservation and conservation practices (Rain water harvesting and its importance).
Irrigation: Importance and methods.
8. Mineral and Energy Resources
Iron ore, Manganese, Copper, Bauxite – uses and their distribution.
Conventional Sources: Coal, Petroleum, Natural gas (distribution, advantages and disadvantages).
Hydel power (Bhakra Nangal Dam and Hirakud).
Non-conventional Sources: Solar, wind, tidal, geo-thermal, nuclear and bio-gas (generation and advantages).
9. Agriculture in India
Indian Agriculture – importance, problems and reforms.
Types of farming in India: subsistence and commercial: shifting, intensive, extensive, plantation and mixed.
Agricultural seasons (rabi, kharif, zayad).
Climatic conditions, soil requirements, methods of cultivation, processing and distribution of the following crops:
- rice, wheat, millets and pulses.
- sugarcane, oilseeds (groundnut, mustard and soya bean).
- cotton, jute, tea and coffee
10. Manufacturing Industries
Importance and classification
Agro based Industry – Sugar, Textile (Cotton and Silk).
Mineral based Industry – Iron & Steel (TISCO, Bhilai, Rourkela, Vishakhapatnam) Petro Chemical and Electronics.
Importance and Modes – Roadways, Railways, Airways and Waterways – Advantages and disadvantages.
12. Waste Management
Impact of waste accumulation – spoilage of landscape, pollution, health hazards, effect on terrestrial, aquatic (fresh water and marine) life.
Need for waste management.
Methods of safe disposal -segregation, dumping and composting.
Need and methods for reducing, reusing and recycling waste.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What can we expect in the Geography of India?
The students can learn about the location and physical features of India’s mountains, plateaus, plains, and rivers. Further to this are India’s climate, soil resources, natural vegetation, and water resources. Essential topics include mineral and energy resources. Students can refer to ICSE Class 10 Geography Syllabus on the Extramarks website to get an idea of the various topics under the subject.
2. How to prepare for the ICSE Geography board exam?
To score better in the examination, the students can refer to ICSE Geography Class 10 syllabus and ICSE revision notes. Students can visit our website regularly to get the latest syllabus.