ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications
Introduction to ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications
The ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications is designed as per the guidelines stipulated by the ICSE Board. It introduces students to a brief and diversified syllabus of critical chapters. Course materials and syllabus are an integral part of students’ preparation resources. It helps them understand the marking system and overall course pattern to prepare for the annual Board Examination. The main aim of the syllabus for Environmental Applications is to develop a keen civic awareness among students.
Due to the pandemic, the Board has restructured the ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications.
Students can access this revised syllabus from the Extramarks’ website. Along with the syllabus, Extramarks provides a plethora of study materials including chapter notes, exercise and solutions, revision notes, question papers, etc. to help the students prepare well for exams.
ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications: Semesters 1 & 2
|Unit No.||Name of the Unit||Unit No.||Name of the Unit|
|1.||Caring for our Basic Resources||2.||Resource use|
|3.||Appropriate Eco-friendly Technologies|
|4.||Initiatives I can take|
A Brief description of the ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications:
Caring for our Basic Resources:
- Caring for our soil:
- The causes and effects of soil erosion. Study improper uses of land, deforestation, overgrazing, etc. The impact of soil erosion on food production, the generation of wastelands, and the silting of waterways and dams.
- Soil conservation strategies:
- Contour bunding.
- Tree breaks.
- Check dams.
- A study of solutions and their applicability, such as Auroville’s work and Tarun Bharat Sangh’s work.
- Fuelwood crisis:
To create awareness among the students that an extensive section of Indians is still using firewood as fuel, its impact on nature in terms of fast diminishing resources and the pressure put on surviving forests. Implications for the health of the poor people, particularly women, from inhaling the smoke.
2. Waste generation:
It’s toxic and has an impact on life and land. Theunmanageable wastes that we are generating, filtering toxins from landfills into water bodies and agricultural lands, and issues around incinerating waste.
3. Treatment of waste:
- Effluent treatment plants
- Biological treatment.
- Methods to reuse waste. Upcoming solutions to treat wastes. The importance and limitation of end of the pipe treatment.
- By combating deforestation. JFM, community forestry.
4. Alternatives to timber needed:
Design solutions-alternate materials in paper and pulp, construction and furniture industry, etc.
- Caring for our Air:
- Specialised techniques to control air pollution. Working principle and advantages of: Electrostatic precipitators, cyclone separators, wet scrubbers, bag filters, fluid bed boilers.
- Strategies to reduce air pollution:
- Economic penalties and subsidies/Bubble theory.
- Technical Hybrid vehicles, alternate fuels and alternative energy of automobiles.
- Traffic management and knowledge of Curitiba in Brazil, synchronised signals, use of lanes, one-way roads, etc.
- Legislation as a means to reduce air pollution.
- Remote sensing satellites and their applications.
- International norms on air pollution.
- Suggested Activities/ Visits:
- Visit a pollution control board.
- Interaction with an NGO working in the field of environment.
- Caring for our Water:
- Methods of watershed management and storage of water bodies; study of ancient Examples like the Eri system of Tamil Nadu/Rajasthan’s traditional systems and newly evolving modern methods of water management; definition and significance of wetlands. Ramsar convention.
- Rainwater harvesting.
- Roof water harvesting through percolation pits, and so on.
- Water harvesting in rural areas by checking dams and bund,etc..
- Small dams vs large dams, an analysis: can small dams replace the large ones? Do large rivers require large dams only? Issues around large dams. Advantages and limitations of smaller dams. Other possibilities like Micro hydel, Mini hydel and running off the river.
- Water recycle—the scope of water recycling and its importance.
- Current sewage treatment methods include dry compost toilets—scattered answers to centralised ones, using decomposed night soil as a fertiliser in China.
Suggested Activities / Visits • Carry out rainwater harvesting in the neighbourhood. • Visit a catchment area of the city. • Visit a nearby dam.
- Impact of globalisation on the environment. Basic knowledge and intention of globalisation; the opportunity and challenges of a global economy; the effect of globalisation on advancing countries; their increased differences, national debts and recession; brain drain; impact on human resources and natural resources.
- Role of NGOs in sustaining the environment, understanding the work of a few NGOs and selecting an international, national and local NGO working in different locations.
- Evolving a sustainable growth paradigm. e.g.Gandhi-Large-scale development versus
Village community based self-sufficient growth.
- What does sustainability mean? How to integrate the principle of sustainability in development?
- Gandhi’s model of decentralized governance like Panchayati raj-definition and functions. A study of a few working examples like Khadi, Dastkar, Auroville, and Gandhi gram.
- North and South division. Various resources are used in North/South, which impacts the environment of both the regions.
Appropriate Eco-friendly Technologies:
- Importance and limitation of ancient/modern technology. To know various industries like fishing or weaving – where both technologies are used.
- Need for developing intermediate and suitable technology. It is to be studied by analysing the power sector—the limitation of all traditional sources and the scope of alternative energy sources.
- By improving fewer cost options. EIA (Environment Impact Assessments), their role includes impacts while planning and the techniques used to create fewer cost options. Dynamics of applications. Importance of grass-root upward planning rather than drip-down planning.
- Natural resource accounting. What is natural resource accounting? How to go about it? Basic understanding with the help of examples.
Initiatives I can take:
- In my local environment.
- In understanding future career choices.
- By taking the initiative in any State or Country.
Before completing class 10, students must work on the broad impact of their personal decisions on the environment and society. The effects of understanding are described below:
- Students are responsible for the choices they have made.
- They can prepare responses to things that happen into meaningful and productive action.
- There is scope for applying environmental sensitivity in whichever career the student may function in later life.
- There is a clear connection between people and the capacity to interpret processes and decisions in society/governance and their impact on humans. This can be considered by discussing in class or enabling through any other empowering process.
ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications: Chapter Weightage
One theory paper will consist of two hours duration with 100 chapter weightage and an internal assessment of 100 marks.
The Examination paper will have two Parts:
Part A: (Compulsory) This part consists of short answer questions covering the complete syllabus.
Part B: This part will have questions that will require a detailed explanation of answers. There will be a choice of questions in this section.
ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications: Exercise and Solutions
Extramarks team has developed chapter notes and solutions based on the latest ICSE Syllabus. Our chapter notes for Class 10 Environmental Application subject include key topics covered in all the 4 units of Caring for our Basic Resources, Resource use, Appropriate Eco-friendly Technologies, and Initiatives I can take.
Students are advised to check the syllabus thoroughly and formulate a strategy for their exam preparation. And students must stick to the plan developed to secure good grades in the examinations.
For Class 10 Environmental Application subject specific notes, exercise and solutions students can refer below links
Students can access the additional coursework by clicking on the links mentioned below:
Benefits of ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications
The best source for a student preparing for examinations is the syllabus covered in the textbooks. It plays a vital role in their preparation strategies when studying for the Class 10 examination. Let us understand some of the benefits of the ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications:
- It gives students a complete understanding and idea of the exam pattern.
- It explains the grading system of the examination, thus helping the students prepare a proper strategy beforehand for the test.
- It is designed by following the guidelines laid by the council. There is an expert team at the Extramarks with many years of experience in designing this curriculum. They develop the syllabus, keeping in mind the individual intelligence to keep the topics crisp and straightforward for the student’s comprehension.
The complete and latest curriculum for the ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications, 2022–2023, is available on the Extramarks’ website for both semesters.
ICSE Environmental Applications Class 10 Syllabus
There is one paper of two hours duration carrying 100 marks and Internal Assessment of 100 marks. The paper has two Sections. Section A (Compulsory) contains short answer questions covering the entire syllabus. Section B consists of questions, which will require detailed answers. There is a choice of questions in this section.
1. Caring for our Basic Resources
(i) Caring for our Soil
(a) Causes and consequences of soil erosion.
Study improper land use, deforestation, overgrazing, etc and also the impact of soil erosion on food production, generation of wastelands, silting of waterways and dams.
(b) Soil conservation strategies.
- Contour bunding.
- Tree breaks.
- Check dams.
A study of solutions and their applicability. Examples such as Auroville’s work and Tarun Bharat Sangh’s work.
(c) Fuel wood crisis.
To develop an understanding in students that a very large section of Indians still use firewood as fuel, the impact it has on nature in terms of a fast dwindling resource and the pressure put on surviving forests. Impact on health of the poor, particularly women, from inhaling the smoke.
(d) Waste generation – its toxicity and its impact on life and land.
The politics of waste dumping, the unmanageable wastes that we generate, leaching of toxins from land fills into water bodies, agricultural lands, and issues around incinerating waste.
(e) Treatment of wastes:
- Effluent treatment plants.
- Biological treatment.
- Strategies to reuse waste.
Evolving solutions to treat wastes. The scope and limitation of end of the pipe treatment.
- Combating deforestation.
JFM, community forestry.
(f) Alternatives to timber
Design solutions-alternate materials, etc.
(ii) Caring for our Air
(a) Technical methods to control air pollution.
Electro static precipitators, cyclone separators, wet scrubber, bag filters, fluid bed boilers.
(b) Strategies to reduce air pollution
- Economic – Penalties and subsidies, Bubble theory.
- Technical – Hybrid vehicles, alternate fuels, alternate energy vehicles.
- Traffic management
Study of Curitiba in Brazil, synchronised signals, use of lanes, one way roads, etc.
(c) Legislation as a means to reduce air pollution.
The role of law in controlling and reducing pollution with examples like the Taj Mahal trapezium, Delhi city, etc.
(d) Remote sensing satellites and their applications.
Why is it such a good tool? What can it be used for?
(e) International norms on air pollution.
What are the International norms on air pollution? How are they drawn? Limitations with the implementing.
Example: Euro 1, Euro 2.
(iii) Caring for our Water
(a) Techniques of watershed management
Conserving water bodies; Study of indigenous examples like the Eri system of Tamil Nadu or Rajasthan’s traditional systems and newly evolving modern techniques of water management; Ramsar convention.
(b) Rain water harvesting.
- Roof water harvesting through percolation pits etc.
- Water harvesting in rural areas through check dams, bunds etc.
The need for the above and the scope.
(c) Small dams vs. large dams.
An analysis – can many small dams replace a large dam? Do large rivers require large dams only? Issues around large dams.
Scope and limitation of small dams. Other possibilities like Micro hydel, Mini hydel, run off the river.
(d) Water recycling.
The scope of water recycling and importance.
(e) Alternatives to existing sewage treatment like dry compost toilets.
Decentralised answers to centralised ones, Use of decomposed night soil as a fertiliser as in China.
2. Resource use
(i) Impact of globalisation on environment.
Understanding the basic intention of globalisation; the possibility and challenge of a global economy; impact of globalisation on developing countries – increased disparities, national debt and recession; impact on human resources and natural resources.
(ii) Role of NGOs in sustaining environment.
Study the work of a few NGOs.
Choose an international, national and a local NGO working in different areas – issue based, women’s collectives and child welfare organisations.
(iii) Evolving a sustainable growth paradigm eg. Gandhi. Large-scale development vs. Village community based self-sufficient growth.
What does sustainability mean?
GDP vs Growth paradox. (Questioning the notion that increase in power will bring about economic growth and this in turn will alleviate poverty.)
How to integrate the principle of sustainability in development? Gandhi’s model of decentralised governance like Panchayati Raj. A study of a few working examples like Khadi, Dastkar, Auroville, Gandhi gram.
(iv) North-South divide.
Patterns of resource use in the North and the South and the impact they have on the environment of both the regions.
3. Appropriate Eco friendly Technologies
(i) Scope and limitation of indigenous technology and modern technology.
Study an industry like fishing and/or weaving – where both technologies are practised.
(ii) Need for developing intermediate and appropriate technology.
To be studied through the analysis of the power sector – the limitation of all conventional sources and the scope of alternate energy sources.
(iii) Developing least cost options.
Environment Impact Assessments (EIA), their role including impacts while planning and the method to develop least cost options.
Dynamics of implementation.
Scope of grass root upward planning rather than trickle down planning.
(iv) Natural resource accounting.
What is natural resource accounting? How to go about it? – Basic understanding with the aid of examples.
4. Initiatives I can take
(i) In my local environment.
(ii) In my future career choice.
(iii) In supporting initiative in my State or Country.
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. What elements are included in the project report on environmental implementation?
- The project report is an elaborated study that includes the following topics:
The formulation of the problem, the topic or question being researched, getting the information about the plan, and presenting data in different ways, such as bar graphs and pie charts, and many more. With a clear understanding between original and supplementary documents, data analysis, available solutions, student personal study and bibliography. Project report assessment is based on legibility, clarity, accuracy and record keeping.
2. What are the best places for obtaining the ICSE Syllabus Class 10 environmental applications?
A complete syllabus for ICSE environmental applications is available on the Extramarks website. Students will be able to analyse the overall structure of the course and study well using this comprehensive curriculum for the ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Environmental Applications. Students are advised to clearly understand the syllabus and marking scheme to perform well in their exams.