ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Physics

ICSE Class 10 Physics Syllabus 2023-2024

The ICSE (Indian School Certificate Examinations) board is known for its comprehensive and well-structured syllabus. The board aims to help students develop independent and analytical skills so that they can blend easily with the competitive world. It focuses on providing in-depth learning for the overall development of students. 

The Class 10 Science exam has three divisions: Physics, Chemistry, and Biology. Students must prepare and pay equal attention to all three subjects. Physics is a very important subject for students aiming to build their careers in science fields. Extramarks offers the ICSE Class 10 Physics Syllabus for all students. Students are advised to know the latest CBSE 2022-2023 Physics syllabus beforehand so that they can plan a schedule for effective exam preparation. 

The ICSE Class 10 physics syllabus is divided into two parts: Theory and Practicals. The syllabus for the theory paper has six chapters with segregated marks and total weightage. With the help of this article, students can understand all important details about the class 10 Physics syllabus for the academic year 2022-23. Furthermore, the syllabus and exam patterns mentioned here are revised and based on the latest guidelines issued by the board for the benefit of the students. Access the ICSE Class 10 physics syllabus on Extramarks and prepare for the Class 10 board exams efficiently. 

ICSE Class 10th Physics Syllabus 2023-24

The below table provides a detailed breakup of chapters included in the Physics Class 10 Syllabus: 

Sr. No.  Chapters 
1. Force, Work, Power, and Energy
2. Light
3. Sound
4. Electricity and Magnetism
5. Heat
6. Modern Physics

Students may click on the respective chapter to access study material from Extramarks.

Here is a topic-wise detailed breakup of all chapters that fall under ICSE class 10 Physics syllabus: 

The ICSE class 10 physics syllabus Chapter 1 – Force, Work, Power, and Energy:

  • Turning forces, the moment of force, the center of gravity
  • Uniform circular motion
  • Work, energy, power
  • Relationship of Work, energy, and power with force.
  • Types of energy 
  • Machines as force multipliers and different concepts related to it such as mechanical advantage, velocity ratio, and efficiency 
  • Principle of Conservation of energy.

The ICSE class 10 physics syllabus Chapter 2: Light

  • Refraction of light and its applications
  • The real and apparent depth of objects
  • Total internal reflection and its applications
  • Critical angle
  • Converging and Diverging Lenses 
  • Characteristics of the images formed 
  • Ray Diagrams
  • Magnification
  • Prism

The ICSE class 10 physics syllabus Chapter 3: Sound

  • Reflection of Sound Waves
  • Echoes and their uses
  • Natural, Damped and Forced vibrations 
  • Resonance
  • Loudness and Pitch 
  • Quality of sound

The ICSE class 10 physics syllabus Chapter 4:

  • Ohm’s Law; 
  • EMF
  • Series and Parallel Resistance
  • Internal resistance
  • Electrical power and energy
  • Household circuits and concepts based on it
  • Magnetic effect of a current
  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Transformer

The ICSE class 10 physics syllabus Chapter 5:

  • Calorimetry 
  • Specific heat capacity
  • Principle of the method of mixtures
  • Latent heat

The ICSE class 10 physics syllabus Chapter 6:

  • Radioactivity 
  • Changes in the nucleus
  • Background radiation and safety precautions.
  • Nuclear fission 
  • Nuclear fusion

For study material that includes important questions, sample question papers, revision notes and more, students may click here.

ICSE 10 Physics Paper Pattern

Students are advised to know the exam pattern to understand what type of questions will be asked in the examination. Students will also know the ICSE important questions, weightage, optional questions, etc., here. 

The total marks are 100, and the Physics paper is divided into two parts: 

The theory paper: 

This paper consists of 80 marks. Students must solve this paper in 2 hours. This paper has two sections: Section I and Section II.

Section I is 40 marks. Students must attempt all questions. Objective and short answer questions based on the entire physics syllabus class 10 ICSE will be asked in this section.

Section II carries 40 marks as well. It contains six questions, out of which students have to attempt any four. Long answer questions, derivations, and numerical problems will be asked in this section. 

Internal assessment:

The practical examinations are conducted for a total of 20 marks. It consists of interesting experiments based on the ICSE class 10 physics syllabus. Students will have to perform these experiments by following the procedure. The marks are allotted by the external and internal examiner on the basis of students’ practical work or project evaluation.  

ICSE Class 10 Physics Syllabus – Weightage

The average chapter-wise weightage for the Class 10 Board examinations is given below: 

Chapter 1: Force, Work, Power, and Energy 16 to 19 marks
Chapter 2: Light 20 to 25 marks
Chapter 3: Sound 11 to 18 marks
Chapter 4: Electricity and Magnetism 20 to 21 marks
Chapter 5: Heat 14 to 18 marks
Chapter 6: Modern Physics 7 to 11 marks

ICSE 10 Physics: Study Materials

ICSE Class 10 Physics study materials are available on the Extramarks platform for free. Students can refer to them as and when they need them. Students are advised to study with the help of ICSE Solutions for Class 10 to gain a thorough knowledge of each concept. They can use the ICSE revision notes to quickly glance through all the formulas, equations, diagrams, and key points of all chapters. Furthermore, students can also solve ICSE sample question papers and ICSE question papers of the past years to analyze themselves based on the preparation level. Every minute detail in the Extramarks study materials is based on the latest ISC & ICSE syllabus. 

Students may refer to the below links to get access to the best academic notes from Extramarks: 

ICSE Revision Notes

ICSE Syllabus

ICSE Important Questions 

ICSE Question Paper

ICSE Sample Question Papers

Benefits Of Studying From ICSE Class 10 Physics Syllabus 

Some of the core advantages of ICSE Physics class 10 syllabus are as follows:

  • It defines all the concepts, topics, sub-topics and questions that are a vital part of the physics syllabus class 10 ICSE.  
  • The syllabus provides various solved examples that help students to gain an in-depth understanding of all complex concepts.
  • Modern Physics is a part of the syllabus.
  • The students can learn the fundamental concepts based on Electricity, Sound, Light, and Magnetism. 
  • The syllabus is based on the latest and revised ISC and ICSE syllabus. 
  • With the help of the syllabus, students can plan their study timetable for effective preparation. 
  • Students can also arrange and use the best study materials based on the topics involved in the physics class 10 syllabus. 

Click here to access the detailed study material based on the  ICSE class 10 Physics syllabus on Extramarks. To get more information, log on to the Extramarks website and access all the content for free. Extramarks aims to provide expert guidance to our students and help them score well in examinations. 

ICSE Physics Class 10 Syllabus

There is one paper of two hours duration carrying 80 marks and Internal Assessment of practical work carrying 20 marks. The paper is divided into two sections: Section I (40 marks) and Section II (40 marks).

Section I (compulsory) contains short answer questions on the entire syllabus. Section II contains six questions. You are required to answer any four of these six questions.

1. Force, Work, Power and Energy

(i) Turning forces concept; moment of a force; forces in equilibrium; centre of gravity; [discussions using simple examples and simple numerical problems].

(ii) Uniform circular motion.

(iii) Work, energy, power and their relation with force.

(iv) Different types of energy (e.g., chemical energy, Mechanical energy, heat energy, electrical energy, nuclear energy, sound energy, light energy).

(v) Machines as force multipliers; load, effort, mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency; simple treatment of levers, pulley systems showing the utility of each type of machine.

(vi) Principle of Conservation of energy.

2. Light

(i) Refraction of light through a glass block and a triangular prism – qualitative treatment of simple applications such as real and apparent depth of objects in water and apparent bending of sticks in water. Applications of refraction of light.

(ii) Total internal reflection: Critical angle; examples in triangular glass prisms; comparison with reflection from a plane mirror (qualitative only). Applications of total internal reflection.

(iii) Lenses (converging and diverging) including characteristics of the images formed (using ray diagrams only); magnifying glass; location of images using ray diagrams and thereby determining magnification.

(iv) Using a triangular prism to produce a visible spectrum from white light; Electromagnetic spectrum. Scattering of light.

3. Sound

(i) Reflection of Sound Waves; echoes: their use; simple numerical problems on echoes.

(ii) Natural vibrations, Damped vibrations, Forced vibrations and Resonance – a special case of forced vibrations.

(iii) Loudness, pitch and quality of sound.

4. Electricity and Magnetism

(i) Ohm’s Law; concepts of emf, potential difference, resistance; resistances in series and parallel; internal resistance.

(ii) Electrical power and energy.

(iii) Household circuits – main circuit; switches; fuses; earthing; safety precautions; three-pin plugs; colour coding of wires.

(iv) Magnetic effect of a current (principles only, laws not required); electromagnetic induction (elementary); transformer.

5. Heat

(i) Calorimetry: meaning, specific heat capacity; principle of method of mixtures; Numerical Problems on specific heat capacity using heat loss and gain and the method of mixtures.

(ii) Latent heat; loss and gain of heat involving change of state for fusion only.

6. Modern Physics

(i) Radioactivity and changes in the nucleus; background radiation and safety precautions.

(ii) Nuclear fission and fusion; basic introduction and equations.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What are the best reference books for Class 10 Physics?

Reference books are very important to get an in-depth understanding of concepts and to score high marks. They provide quick background information and an overview of the subject. Here are the top 3 reference books which students must use to prepare for Class 10 board exams:

  1. Science: Physics by Lakhmir Singh and Manjit Kaur
  2. Principles of Physics S Chand books by N.K. Chowdhry
  3. Fundamentals of Physics by Pradeep publication

2. Where can I get the latest ICSE class 10 Physics syllabus?

The Extramarks platform provides the latest Physics Syllabus. The syllabus provides a detailed breakdown of every chapter, and marking scheme, and gives an idea of the paper pattern. Further, the students can also refer to the various ICSE study materials to enhance their learning. 


3. Why is it essential to study from ICSE class 10 Physics syllabus during preparation?

ICSE Class 10 Physics syllabus is considered to be a foundation for the upcoming year’s curriculum. With the help of high-quality academic notes, students can attain higher scores in exams. Furthermore, they get a detailed and stepwise explanation of all core concepts and derivations.