ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga
Introduction to ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga
Yoga is a healthy way of promoting an active lifestyle. Though its origin began in India, Yoga has taken over the world due to its health benefits. With time, the entire modern culture has also started to accept Yoga to promote good health. These days, schools have also begun including Yoga as a study module in their curriculum for the students. The ICSE Board has introduced Yoga as a subject in Class 10. The coursework is very well designed and is in line with the ICSE rules and regulations.
The Class 10 Yoga Semester Wise Syllabus can easily be found on the Extramarks website. While studying for the Examination, students must have a thorough understanding of the Syllabus. When students know the whole Syllabus pattern, its design, and the marking system, they usually excel in the Examination. Due to the recent pandemic, the Syllabus was decreased by 30%. This new Syllabus can easily be accessed on the Extramarks website. The best thing about Extramarks is that they try to keep the students updated with the recent changes and modifications that happen in their Syllabus.
ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga: Semesters 1 & 2
|Unit No.||Name Of The Unit||Unit No.||Name Of The Unit|
|I.||Human Biology||I.||Human Biology|
|1.||The Nervous System||4||The Excretory System|
|2.||The Endocrine System|
|3.||The Circulatory System|
|II.||Sages of India||III.||The Yoga SUTRAS of PATANJALI|
|IV.||Some of the critical schools of Philosophy and Sutras|
ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga: Key Topics
SECTION I: HUMAN BIOLOGY
The Nervous System:
The neuron, peripheral nervous system and central nervous system. Role of Yoga in sustaining the health of the nervous system as a whole.
Design (cyton, terminal branches, axon, myelin sheath) and function (carry messages in the nervous system in electrical impulses), synapse; Kinds of neurons: Sensory, Motor, and Association. Nerves and ganglia: its definition.
The Central Nervous System:
The Brain: Meninges(membrane), Forebrain: Cerebrum(vertebrate brain) (Parietal, Occipital, Temporal, Frontal) and Diencephalon(centrally located in the brain); Midbrain; Hindbrain (Cerebellum, Pons, Medulla oblongata). Location and fundamental function of each part of the above.
The Spinal Cord:
Structure and its function; Reflex action: Simple reflex and conditioned reflex.
The Peripheral Nervous System:
Somatic (biology) nervous system: the Autonomic nervous system: Sympathetic system (location and function). Cranial(skull) nerves and spinal nerves (the number of cranial and spinal nerves present in the nervous system and parasympathetic jumpy body).
The Endocrine System:
It is a study of the Pituitary gland, the Thyroid glands, the Adrenal glands and the Pancreas. The topic explores the role of Yoga in maintaining good health of the endocrine glands. The above must be studied well concerning the locations, hormones secreted, under secretion of hormones and effects of over-secretion. How Yoga helps balance the functioning of the endocrine glands and helps attain hormonal balance in the body is also taught.
The Circulatory System:
Functioning of the heart; the lymphatic system disorders of the circulatory system; composition of blood; and the role of Yoga in enhancing blood flow.
Location, chambers of the heart, covering (pericardium), blood vessels entering and leaving the heart: Pulmonary artery, Vena Cava, aorta, the pulmonary vein; blood supply to the heart: coronary arteries; Valves: Bicuspid, Semilunar Valves, Tricuspid, Circulation of blood in the heart: systole and diastole; blood vessel types: capillaries, arteries, veins, structure and function; some of the other main blood vessels: Hepatic artery and vein, Hepatic portal vein, Renal artery and vein.
Some disorders of the circulatory system: arteriosclerosis, myocardial infarction, atherosclerosis, angina: explanation of all diseases; Composition of blood: the liquid component of blood plasma, a brief description of the functions and structure of WBC, RBC, and platelets, types of blood disorders: Haemophilia and anaemia. (The forms of WBCs and the blood groups need not be studied) and how Yoga helps to improve blood flow and hence improves the body’s immunity system.
The Excretory System:
Organs of excretion; Parts of the excretory system; urine formation, disorders of the excretory system; the role of Yoga. Kidneys, lungs and skin are the three organs of excretion; the Kidney, Cortex and Medulla; Ureter; Bladder; Urethra. Disorders of the excretory system: Gout, Kidney stones, Kidney failure, the Dialysis machine: meaning of each. How the practice of Yoga helps sustain good health of the excretory system and hence its smooth elimination of waste from the body.
SECTION II: SAGES OF INDIA
Students need to write notes on the lives and teachings of the following sages:
- Narsi Mehta
- Ramana Maharishi.
For each of the above sages, students need to learn two vital characteristics of their works.
Vyasa’s birth and early life are celebrated as Guru Purnima, getting trained under his father Rishi Parasara, his role as a grandfather of Pandavas and Kauravas, and his son Shuka. Their Works: The Dharmasutras, The Mahabharata, Srimad Bhagvatam, The Puranas and Vyasa Bhashya.
Yagnavalkya’s birth and education, dynamics of his relationship with his guru Vaisampayana (growing disagreement between the two at the ashram, Meet at Mount Meru, King Supriya and the formation of the Krishna Yajurveda); relationship with Surya Bhagavan, King Janaka, Gargi and Maitreyi Works: The Yajur Vedas, The Brihadaryanka and Bhramanas and Yoga Yagnavalkya Samhita.
Narsi Mehta Birth and early life and three miraculous events in his life. His teaching and contributions structured ‘Vaishnava Jan To….’
Sri Ramana Maharshi:
Sri Ramana Maharshi Birth and his early life; his death experience led to the consuming question, “Who am I”? His travel to Thiruvannamalai, His Enlightenment, and setting up the Ramana Ashram, granted his mother moksha at the time of her moving on. Teachings: Self-enquiry: Who am I? and his techniques of self-questioning. Works: Who Am I, 5 Hymns to Arunachala and 40 verses on reality.
SECTION III: THE Yoga SUTRAS OF PATANJALI
Samadhi Pada Chitta Vrittis:
Definition of Yoga. The different types of Chitta Vrittis: Klishta and Aklishta; Pramana Viparyaya Vikalpa, Nidra, Smriti; Ways to still the Chitta Vrittis: Abhyasa and Vairagya, Ishwar Pranidhana, the Pranava Mantra, the four virtues, Pranayama (elongating the bahya kumbhaka), heightened awareness of the senses, concentrating on a light beyond all sorrow, contemplating and recollecting the experiences of dreams-filled or dreamless sleep during the waking state.
Vyadhi, Styana, Samshaya, Pramada, Alaska, Avirati, Bhranti Darshana, Alabdhahumikatva, Anavasthi-tattva. Accompaniments of the obstacles: Dukha, Daurmansya, Angamejayatva and Shvasa Prashvasa. Samadhi- its definition and different types of Samadhis (Sabeej, Nirbeej, Savitarka, Nirvitarka, Savichara, Nirvichara).
Sadhana Pada Kriya Yoga:
Kleshas, cause of pain, identification of the seer (drashti) with the seen; Kaivalya: the destruction of ignorance through proper knowledge breaks the link between the seer and the seen and leads to liberation or kaivalya (refer to Sutra 2.25, the students need not learn the Sutra); Ashtang Yoga; Pratipaksha Bhavanam (refer to Sutra 2.33, the students need not memorise the Sutra).
Concept and definition of Samyama, the study of the following objects of samyama and the powers attained: distinguishing marks on another man’s body, qualities of benevolence and compassion, strength such as that of an elephant, the sun, the moon, the pole star, the naval, the pit of the throat, the head, the heart; These Vibhutis (attainments) are hindrances to achieve the spiritual goal.
SECTION IV: SOME IMPORTANT SCHOOLS OF PHILOSOPHY AND SOME SUTRAS
Some of the Orthodox Philosophies:
Sankhya, Yoga, Vedanta, Purva Mimansa concerning each philosophy – Meaning of the name, founder, dates, essential texts, tenets, salvation, and the concept of God.
Tenets of Sankhya Purusha and Prakriti: Dualistic system. Students need to know just a basic understanding of these terms; Gunas, 23 evolutes of Prakriti.
Tenets of Yoga: Sa Ishvara Sankhya; 5 vrittis and 5 Chitta Bhumis; 5 kleshas; 4 virtues; Ashtang Yoga.
Tenets of Vedanta: Basic meaning of the following terms: Advaita, Brahman, Jagat, Mithya, Maya, Sookshma (subtle) and School (gross) buddhi
Tenets of Purva Mimamsa: Importance of rituals and Mantras, the concept of many Gods and Goddesses, the divinity in non-living objects, Karma and dharma.
Some of the Heterodox Philosophies:
Buddhism and Jainism concerning each philosophy – meaning of the name, founder, dates, essential texts, tenets, salvation, and concept of God.
Tenets of Buddhism: and the four noble truths, the 8-fold path, two schools of Buddhism – Hinayana and Mahayana.
Tenets of Jainism: The three jewels, transmigration of the soul and moksha, everything has a jiva, no belief in God and Goddesses, 24 Tirthankaras, Mahavira the 24th one.
Five Important Sutras:
Patanjali Yoga Sutra 1.2, 1.14, 1.33, 2.3, 2.28
ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga: Examination Pattern and Marking Scheme
Two papers will be conducted in this Syllabus.
The theory consists of 2 hours duration weighing 100 marks.
The paper will be bifurcated into four sections as follows:
- Section I: 40 marks and will be mandatory.
- Section II: 20 marks
- Section III: 20 marks
- Section IV: 20 marks
Section I will be mandatory. Students are supposed to answer all the questions from this part. There will be no option to choose questions from.
Sections II, III and IV will have multiple-choice questions. Students are supposed to attempt two questions from each section. The above sections will correlate to the sections given in the Syllabus.
Internal Assessment will carry 100 marks.
ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga: Exercise & Solution Links
Yoga is a form of physical activity/exercise that ensures complete well-being. Looking at the benefits of Yoga, there has been a discussion about making ICSE Class 10 Yoga Syllabus a mandatory subject for the students in schools. Including Yoga in the syllabus will ensure students’ better health and promote their mental and spiritual well-being.
Students can access more study materials by clicking on the links mentioned below:
Benefits of the ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga
ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga, semesters 1 & 2, created by the Extramarks, is crucial for students preparing for the Class 10 Board Examinations. Every student wants to attain better results and score higher grades to secure admissions in a suitable stream. This is often the time when students feel pressured due to Examination stress. Hence, it is vital to learn the entire ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga coursework as quickly as possible through constant practice and revision, which could be achieved by studying the papers created by the subject experts at the Extramarks.
Extramarks give students access to all the Sample Question Papers, which helps them attain the best results in the Examination. The significant part about the papers created by Extramarks is that they are structured to reflect the Board Examinations, just like the Question Paper students receive during their tests. Extramarks is a team of highly-qualified experts and great researchers. They minutely go through every Syllabus and the Past Year Question Papers to provide the best source of updated information and data to the students of Class 10. Students have to visit the Extramarks Official website and follow and revise the coursework as much as possible.
ICSE Yoga Class 10 Syllabus
There are two papers in the subject. Paper I (Theory) is of 2 hours duration carrying 100 marks. The paper is divided into four sections as follows: (i) Section I: 40 marks (ii) Section II: 20 marks, (iii) Section III: 20 marks, (iv) Section IV: 20 marks.
Section I is compulsory. You are required to attempt all the questions from this section. There is no choice of questions. Sections II, III and IV have a choice of questions. You are required to attempt two questions from each section.
Section I: Human Biology
1. The Nervous System
The neuron, central nervous system and peripheral nervous system, the sense organs. Role of Yoga in maintaining the health of the nervous system.
2. The Endocrine System
A study of the Pituitary gland, the Thyroid, the Adrenal glands and the Pancreas; role of Yoga in maintaining the health of the endocrine glands.
3. The Circulatory System
Structure and functioning of the heart; disorders of the circulatory system; the lymphatic system; composition of blood; role of yoga in improving blood circulation.
4. The Excretory System
Organs of excretion; Parts of the excretory system; urine formation, disorders of the excretory system; Role of Yoga.
5. Personal hygiene through Yoga
Purpose of maintaining hygiene in Yoga; Yogic care and/or cleaning of sense organs.
Section II: Sages of India
You are to write notes on the lives and teachings of the following:
- Narsi Mehta
- Sri Aurobindo
- Swami Vivekanand
- Ramana Maharishi
For each of the above sages, you need to know briefly, two important aspects of their works.
Section III: The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali
The Four Padas
- Samdhi pada
- Sadhana pada
- Vibhuti pada
- Kaivalya pada
Some Important Schools of Philosophy and Some Sutras.
1. Some of the Orthodox Philosophies
Sankhya, Yoga, Vedanta, Purva Mimansa with respect to each philosophy – Meaning of the name, founder, dates, important texts, tenets, salvation, concept of God.
2. Some of the Heterodox Philosophies
Buddhism and Jainism with respect to each philosophy – meaning of the name, founder, dates, important texts, tenets, salvation, concept of God.
Tenets of Buddhism: The 4 noble truths, the 8-fold path, two schools of Buddhism – Hinayana and Mahayana.
Tenets of Jainism: The 3 jewels, transmigration of the soul and moksha, everything has a jiva, no belief in Gods and Goddesses, 24 tirthankaras, Mahavira the 24th one.
3. Contemporary Philosophies
Eckhart Tolle’s Philosophy: Power of Now
4. Five Important Sutras
Patanjali Yoga Sutra 1.2, 1.14, 1.33, 2.3, 2.28
FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)
1. Why is it necessary to include ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga in the curriculum?
The times have changed. Students nowadays are surrounded by too many disturbances. They grow up in an environment with a lack of discipline, which implies a lenient lifestyle. Including Yoga in the Syllabus promotes wellness of the mind and body and its awareness.
We get a healthy and fit body and a sound, peaceful, and healthy mind through Yoga. Yoga can act as a stress buster for the students as well. The pressure to outshine fellow students shall weigh down the morals of the students. Through Yoga, they will have a healthy body and a healthy mind. They will understand and learn to lead a joyful life even under pressure.
2. What is all included under the ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga?
ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga is bifurcated into two papers: Paper 1 and Paper two, as mentioned below:
- Paper 1 has four sections which consist of mandatory short questions covering the complete Syllabus, and paper two markings are done through internal Assessment. The first part of the paper covers all the essential systems of our body.
- Section 2 of the ICSE Syllabus Class 10 Yoga has the lives and teachings of essential sages.
- Section 3 has the four padas and detailed information about Yoga sutras.
- Section 4 is about different schools of philosophy.