Dimethylglyoxime Formula

Dimethylglyoxime Formula

Dimethylglyoxime is a chemical molecule that has the appearance of white powder and is denoted by the abbreviations dmgH for the anionic form and dmgH2 for the neutral form, where H stands for the hydrogen. DmgH2 is used to analyse chemical elements like nickel and palladium. Dimethylglyoxime coordination complexes are of theoretical interest as catalysts and as models for enzymes. Below are listed the chemical components of dimethylglyoxime. Students will have lots of information about the Dimethylglyoxime Formula and its properties from the Extramarks website.

What is Dimethylglyoxime?

The white chemical powder is dimethylglyoxime. It is soluble in sodium hydroxide solution or methanol, but only to a very limited extent in water. It is among the earliest organic selective reagents used in analytical chemistry. Additionally, it is a very sensitive and focused reagent for the metal nickel.

The Dimethylglyoxime Formula has many synthesized and suggested derivatives. Dimethylglyoxime can be used to detect other metal ions in addition to nickel, even though it is often helpful as a nickel-specific reagent. It functions as a chelating agent that creates complexes with metals like palladium, copper, and nickel.

This colourless solid is the diacetyl diketone butane-2,3-dione dioxide derivative. Palladium or nickel analysis can benefit from the usage of DmgH2. Theoretically, its coordination complexes can serve as models for both catalysts and enzymes. Many similar ligands, including benzil, may be made from various diketones.

Properties Of Dimethylglyoxime

The Dimethylglyoxime Formula is a colourless, odourless substance that is just marginally water-soluble.

The chelating agent is ineffective.

The Dimethylglyoxime Formula is used to check a sample for the presence of ketones.

Together with ketones, it creates a complex that is red.

It weighs 1.37 grams per cubic centimetre.

 It melts at between 240 and 241 degrees Celsius.

Decomposition occurs in addition to boiling. 

It has very low water solubility.

Dimethylglyoxime Structural Formula

The Dimethylglyoxime Formula  is C4H8N2O2

The Dimethylglyoxime Formula expanded form is CH3C(NOH)C(NOH)CH3

Dimethylglyoxime Formulasare also known as 2,3-Butanedione dioxide.

Some reaction of Dimethylglyoxime

An insoluble crimson precipitate of nickel dimethylglyoxime is created when the nickel ion interacts with the Dimethylglyoxime Formula.

A complicated mixture of iron, ammonium sulphate, and water is created when the Dimethylglyoxime Formula interacts with ferrous sulphate and ammonium hydroxide.

Uses of Dimethylglyoxime

It is commonly used in analytical chemistry as a selective precipitating reagent, detecting reagent, and photometric reagent for nickel, palladium, platinum, and other metal ions.

It is useful for nickel release testing, as well as for jewellery and other things that come into direct touch with the skin. The Dimethylglyoxime Formula is commercially accessible in several countries in pharmacies and pharmacy stores.

It is beneficial as a nickel and palladium-specific precipitant. Nickel precipitates from ammoniacal solution as a bright red voluminous substance. As a result, white palladium dissolves as a yellow compound in weak hydrochloric acid solutions.

Dimethylglyoxime aids in the diagnosis of nickel-related dermatitis or other skin ailments. It recognizes nickel emitted by watches, jewellery, and other items that come into close touch with our skin. Various nations have similar restrictions in place, and dimethylglyoxime tests are available over the counter in pharmacies.

Dimethylglyoxime Formula is widely used in analytical chemistry as a detecting reagent, precipitating reagent, and photometric reagent for various metal ions such as platinum, palladium, and nickel.

Solved Examples

1 Find the chemical Dimethylglyoxime’s molar mass by using the formula below.

The molecular chemical formula for it is:


Its molecular weight is:

= 4×12.0107+8×1.00784+2×14.0067+2×15.999

= 116.120 grams per mol.

2 What are some of the health risks associated with the chemical Dimethylglyoxime?

Because it is a combustible substance, it poses a direct fire hazard. It is more likely to catch fire in its finely split condition. Sparks may readily ignite it.

Explosion Hazard: Because fine dust is explosive with air, it poses a direct explosion risk. Furthermore, if a spark ignites the dust cloud, it may generate a flammable/explosive vapour-air combination, posing an indirect explosion threat.

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