Spring Force Formula

Spring Force Formula

When an object’s motion repeats with a defined cycle, it is said to be in periodic motion. This motion is also known as oscillation. Simple examples include the movement of springs and pendulums, but oscillations can occur in a variety of other situations. The object has a stable equilibrium position, which is an important feature of periodic motion. A restoring force is also directed toward that position. Force is applied by a spring. With examples, this topic will explain the spring force concept and Spring Force Formula.

The Spring Force Formula also comes with derivation of its own. This makes for an additional thing for the students to learn. Students can learn the topic from the textbooks, but if they want to focus on a better understanding, they can learn online.

The world of internet is very wide, and there are multiple websites that share learning content for the students. However, not all of these are reliable to learn about the Spring Force Formula. Understanding the Spring Force Formula is not a challenge, but not every student is the same. It means that some students might have trouble understanding the topic of Spring Force Formula. The topic can be learned in an easier manner with the help of the Extramarks platform. It is a reliable source of learning for students who want to learn more about the Spring Force Formula.

The learning guides for the Spring Force Formula are curated by expert Physics teachers. A team of academic experts approve the content before it reaches the students. This makes it more reliable than any other source. Additionally, the company has been a part of the industry for more than a decade. It has helped multiple students understand concepts like Spring Force Formula.

Concept of Spring Force

There is a position in which the springs are at rest. When they are stretched or compressed, however, a restoring force exists that always points in the direction of the equilibrium position. Pendulums are stable when hanging straight down. When a pendulum is pulled away from its equilibrium position, it swings back and forth as tension force and gravity act on it.

Spring is a common tool, and their inertia is frequently overlooked due to their negligible mass. When a spring is strained, it will undergo displacement; when it is compacted, it will become compressed. Then it reaches its equilibrium point. As a result, a spring exerts an equal and opposite force on a body that compresses or stretches it.

Consider a spring with one end attached to a hook and the other attached to an object with mass m and allowed to hang down vertically. In this case, the object will be subject to two forces. One force will be the spring’s restoring force, which will be directed upward. The other force will be gravity acting on the mass in a downward direction. If the mass is not moving, it will remain at rest in an equilibrium position with a zero net force.

The Formula for Spring Force

Simple Harmonic Periodic motion encompasses motion. In SHM, the restoring force Fx is proportional to the displacement x. This restoring force and displacement always have opposing signs. The force equation can be formed using a proportionality constant k.

i.e. Fx = – k x

For springs, this relationship is Hooke’s Law, where k will be the spring constant. The SI unit of k is Newton per meter,

In another form, F=k(x–x0)


x the displacement of the spring from its equilibrium position

k the spring constant

F spring force

xo equilibrium position

Solved Examples for Spring Force Formula

Q.1: A spring has a length of 22 cm per s. If it is loaded with 2 kg weight, then it gets stretched by 38 cm per sec. Determine its spring constant using Spring Force Formula.

Solution: Known parameters are,

(Mass) m = 2 kg,

(initial length) xo = 22 cm,

(displacement) x = 38 cm

Final displacement = x–xo=38cm–22cm=16cm = 0.16 m

The spring force will be,

F = ma  (Newton’s law)

= 2 kg × 0.16 m

= 0.32 N

The spring constant,


= – 0.320.16

= – 2 N per m

Thus, the spring constant will be – 2 N per m.

Extramarks has a number of these solved examples that can assist the students in understanding the steps of the solution. This helps the students analyse the mistakes that they might have made while solving the questions. This makes the students to practise more and indulge in self learning. This allows students to become more self-reliant learners and depend less on the textbooks.

Physics Related Formulas
Absolute Pressure Formula Bernoullis Equation Formula
Time Dilation Formula Brewsters Law Formula
Stopping Distance Formula Formula Dynamics Formula
Spring Force Formula Light Waves And Color Formula
Beam Deflection Formula Lightning Formula
Buoyancy Formula Momentum And Its Conservation Formula
Free Fall Formula Pascals Principle Formula
Gay Lussac Law Formula Planetary Formulas
Magnetic Field In A Solenoid Formula Poiseuilles Law Formula
Magnetic Field Strength Formula Radio Waves Formula
Mechanical Energy Formula Reflection And Ray Model Of Light Formula
Molar Concentration Formula Resistor Series Parallel Formula