# Temperature Formula

Temperature measures the average kinetic energy of a substance’s particles (atoms and molecules). In simply terms, it indicates how hot or cold an object or environment is. Temperature is measured on a variety of scales, the most generally used being the Celsius (°C) scale. Other units include Fahrenheit and Kelvin. Temperature formula deals with conversion between one unit to other units. Learn more about temperaure formula and how to use them in this article by Extramarks.

## Unit of Temperature

Temperature can be measured using various units, depending on the scale being used. The three most commonly used temperature scales and their units are:

• Celsius
• Fahrenheit
• Kelvin

Let’s learn them in detail below:

### Celsius

Celsius (symbol: °C) is a unit of measurement for temperature widely used in everyday life and scientific contexts. It is named after the Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius, who proposed the Celsius temperature scale in 1742. The Celsius scale is based on dividing the temperature range between the freezing and boiling points of water into 100 equal intervals.

• The Celsius scale is extensively used in routine temperature measurement.
• On this scale, water’s freezing point is 0°C and its boiling point is 100°C, both at standard atmospheric pressure.
• The Celsius scale divides the temperature range between water’s freezing and boiling temperatures into 100 equal intervals.
• A typical room temperature could be around 20°C.

### Fahrenheit

Fahrenheit, often abbreviated as °F, is another commonly used unit of measurement for temperature, particularly in the United States and a few other countries.

The Fahrenheit scale was developed by German physicist Daniel Gabriel Fahrenheit in the early 18th century.

• On this scale, the freezing point of water is defined as 32°F, and the boiling point of water is defined as 212°F, both at standard atmospheric pressure.
• The Fahrenheit scale is based on historical mercury-in-glass thermometer measurements.
• Example: A warm summer day might have a temperature of around 80°F.

### Kelvin

Kelvin, often abbreviated as K, is the primary unit of measurement for temperature in the International System of Units (SI) and is widely used in scientific contexts, particularly in physics and chemistry.

The Kelvin scale is based on the properties of matter and is defined relative to absolute zero, the theoretical lowest possible temperature at which particles have minimal kinetic energy.

• On this scale, the lowest possible temperature, absolute zero (the point at which particles have minimal kinetic energy), is defined as 0 Kelvin.
• The Kelvin scale is based on the same size units as the Celsius scale, with 0 K being equivalent to -273.15°C.
• Example: Absolute zero is 0 K, and room temperature is approximately 298 K.

## Temperature Conversion Formula

To convert temperatures between different temperature scales (Celsius, Fahrenheit, and Kelvin), you can use conversion formulas specific to each scale. Here are the temperature conversion formulas:

### Temperature Conversion Formula between Celsius and Fahrenheit

The formula for temperature conversion between celsius and fahrenheit are mentioned below:

Celsius to Fahrenheit

F = (9/5) x C + 32

where,

• F is temperature in Fahrenheit
• C is temperature in Celsius

Fahrenheit to Celsius

C = (5/9) x (F – 32)

where,

• F is temperature in Fahrenheit
• C is temperature in Celsius

### Temperature Conversion Formula between Celsius and Kelvin

The formula for temperature conversion between celsius and kelvin are mentioned below:

Celsius to Kelvin

K = C + 273.15

where,

• K is temperature in Kelvin
• C is temperature in Celsius

Kelvin to Celsius

C = K – 273.15

where,

• K is temperature in Kelvin
• C is temperature in Celsius

### Temperature Conversion Formula between Fahrenheit and Kelvin

The formula for temperature conversion between fahrenheit and Kelvin are mentioned below:

Fahrenheit to Kelvin

K = (5/9) x (F – 32) + 273.15

Where,

• K is kelvin
• F is Fahrenheit

Kelvin to Fahrenheit

F = 9​/5 ×(K273.15)+32

Where,

• K is kelvin
• F is Fahrenheit

## Temperature Conversion Table

Based on the above forrmulas, a temeperature conversion table conatining equivalent temperature in different is given below

 Celsius(ºC) Kelvin(K) Fahrenheit(ºF) 0ºC 273.15 K 32ºF 1ºC 274.15 K 33.8ºF 2ºC 275.15 K 35.6ºF 3ºC 276.15 K 37.4ºF 4ºC 277.15 K 39.2ºF 5ºC 278.15 K 41.0ºF 10ºC 283.15 K 50ºF 15ºC 288.15 K 59ºF 20ºC 293.15 K 68ºF

## Solved Examples Using Temperature Formula

Example 1: Convert 20 degrees Celsius to Fahrenheit.

Solution:

The formula to convert Celsius to Fahrenheit is:

F=(C×9/5)+32

Given degrees Celsius

.F=(20×9/5)+32

F=(20×1.8)+32

F=36+32 = 68ºF

Example 2: Convert 300 Kelvin to Fahrenheit.

Solution:

To convert from Kelvin to Fahrenheit, you can use the following formula:

F = 9​/5 ×(K−273.15)+32

Put Kelvin = 300

F = 9​/5 ×(300−273.15)+32

F = 1.8 x 26.85 + 32 = 80.33ºF

Example 3: Convert 400 Kelvin to Celsius.

Solution:

To convert from Kelvin to Celsius, you can use the following formula:

C = 400 – 273.15 = 126.85ºC

### 1. What is Temperature?

Temperature is the measurement of how hot or cold an object or environment is.

### 2. What is the SI Unit of Temperature?

The Si unit of temperature is Kelvin

### 3. What is the Boiling Point of Water?

The boiling point of water is 100ºC

### 4. How to convert Celsius to Fahrenheit?

We acn convert celsius to fahrenheit using the formula F = (9/5) x C + 32