FM Full Form

FM Full Form

The FM Full Form is Frequency Modulation. The FM Full Form is a type of modulation where variations in the carrier wave frequency immediately translate into variations in the baseband signal. This technology is used in computers, signal processing, radio transmission, and telecommunications. Since the baseband signal normally has an analogue waveform without discrete digital values, FM Full Form is regarded as an analogue form of modulation. FM Full Form works on the principle that a slightly altered carrier frequency can be used to represent the amplitude of an analogue baseband signal.

What is the full form of FM?

The Full Form Of FM is Frequency Modulation. A functional relationship exists between the instantaneous frequency deviation and the modulating signal amplitude in analogue Frequency Modulation.

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History of Frequency Modulation

Wideband Frequency Modulation (FM) radio was created by American electrical engineer Edwin Howard Armstrong. Armstrong patented the regenerative circuit, the superheterodyne receiver, and the super-regenerative circuit. He presented his paper on a method of reducing disturbance in radio signals to the New York section of the Institute of Radio Engineers in 1935, which was published in 1936.

Types of FM

There are basically four types of FM. These are:

  1.     Wide-band
  2.     Narrow-band
  3.     Digital FM
  4.     AnalogueFM

Use of FM

Radio and television broadcasts use the FM Full Form. Additionally, it is used in radar, seismic prospecting, two-way radio systems, telemetry, sound synthesis, magnetic tape recording systems, as well as some video transmission systems. The FM Full Form band is divided into several bands for various applications. The bandwidths for analogue television channels 0 through 72 range from 54 MHz to 825 MHz. The FM Full Form band also contains FM radio, which broadcasts between 88 and 108 MHz. The frequency band of 38 kHz is used by each radio station to transmit audio. The luminance (black and white) portions of the video signal are also recorded by analogue VCR systems (including VHS) using FM at intermediate frequencies. FM Full Form is also used to create sound at audio frequencies. Early digital synthesizers used this method, sometimes known as FM synthesis, and it has since been a standard function in multiple generations of personal computer sound cards.

Advantages and Disadvantages of FM

FM Full Form is an essential modulation method because of its broad commercial application as well as its simplicity. FM Full Form is typically preferred over other modulations due to the several benefits that it provides. In comparison to Amplitude Modulation, there is less power consumption in Frequency Modulation. FM is more resistant to interference and noise. It also has a higher tolerance for changes in signal strength. An FM transmission bandwidth is six times greater than that of an AM signal.

Despite the several advantages of FM over other methods, it also has some disadvantages. Machines using FM signals are expensive and have a broad bandwidth. The antennas must remain close to FM systems for the best possible contact. Compared to AM, it requires a complex demodulator. This is now thought to be a minor concern, though, as many radio circuits come equipped with a demodulator.

Limitations of FM

FM signals have some limitations as well. FM cannot cover a large amount of space. Frequency modulation equipment is complicated and expensive, both for transmitting and receiving. Only the Line-Of-Sight Propagation region may receive FM transmissions. According to L-O-S, waves move directly from the source to the receiver. Compared to the AM broadcast region, this is considerably smaller.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What Is The Full Form Of FM?

The full form of FM is Frequency Modulation.

2. Where are FM signals used?

FM signals are used in telemetry, sound synthesis, two-way radio systems, radar, etc.