DNA Full Form

DNA Full Form

The DNA Full Form is Deoxyribonucleic Acid. DNA is the set of molecules involved in the transmission and transport of genetic material, or genetic instructions, from parent to child. DNA has a singular molecular structure. It is found in the cell nucleus and a small amount of DNA can also be found in the Mitochondria of the cell. Swiss biologist Johannes Friedrich Miescher first recognised and named DNA in 1869 while studying white blood cells. The double helix structure of the DNA molecule was later discovered by James Watson and Francis Crick using experimental evidence. Ultimately, DNA was shown to be involved in processing genetic information in humans.

The structure of DNA  is like a twisted ladder. This structure is defined as a double helix as shown in the diagram provided below. The basic building blocks of DNA are nucleotides, which contain carbon sugar groups, phosphate groups, and nitrogenous bases. Sugar and phosphate groups join nucleotides to form each strand of DNA. The four forms of nitrogenous bases are adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C). For more information about DNA Full Form, students can visit Extramarks

What Is The Full Form Of DNA?

DNA, short for Deoxyribonucleic Acid, is the storage unit of biological information. The term Deoxyribonucleic Acid is divided into deoxyribose, which represents a sugar compound, and nucleic acid, which represents a base composed of a phosphate group and nitrogen. Phosphates and bases are linked together in a twisted chain called the sugar-phosphate backbone. DNA Full Form is Deoxyribonucleic Acid which is found in all organisms and viruses and is involved in the development, growth, reproduction and function of these organisms and viruses. DNA is primarily composed of four nitrogenous bases: cytosine, adenine, thymine, and guanine. Bases can be divided into two groups which are pyrimidines and purines. These bases are alternately joined by hydrogen bonds in the sugar-phosphate backbone to form the overall structure of DNA. Students can refer to the DNA Full Form for all the information on the Extramarks educational website.

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Type Of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA):

DNA is made up of alternating, repeating combinations of monomers called nucleotides. The Full Form Of DNA Deoxyribonucleic Acid can be broken down into deoxyribose, which means sugar compound, and nucleic acid, which means phosphate bonds and base pairs. Bases are nucleobases made up of nitrogens connected to each other through hydrogen bonds. DNA is made up of four nucleobases: adenine, cytosine, thymine, and guanine, represented by the letters A, C, T, and G. These bases are connected to each other in an alternating pattern. Adenine is linked to thymine by hydrogen bonding. Similarly, cytosine binds to guanine with a hydrogen bond. These base pairs further bond with the sugar-phosphate backbone. Students can visit Extramarks for DNA Full Form. The sugar-phosphate backbone is a sugar-phosphate binding pair that forms a twisted strand that wraps around the base pairs to form the overall structure of DNA.

Types of Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) are numerous. Some different types of DNA have been mentioned below:

  • A-DNA

This is right-handed DNA and dehydrated DNA assumes the A-form that protects the DNA under active conditions such as protein binding, and drying also removes the DNA solvent.

  • B-DNA

B-DNA is the most common DNA conformation and is a right-handed helix. Much of the DNA has a type B conformation under normal physiological conditions.

  • Z-DNA

Z-DNA is left-handed DNA in which the double helix zigzags to the left and was discovered by Alexander Rich and Andres Wang. Z-DNA is thought to play a role in gene regulation because it precedes the start site of genes. DNA Full Form and other full forms are accessible on the Extramarks website.

DNA is the genetic material containing all the inherited information encoded in its nitrogen-base structure. DNA carries genetic info from one cell to its daughters and from one generation to another. Everybody incorporates a Deoxyribonucleic Acid sequence that does not match anyone else. This DNA characteristic is used in DNA fingerprinting, a method of identifying individuals based on their DNA. Students are advised to learn DNA Full Form.

Structure Of DNA

What Is The Full Form Of DNA is a pertinent question. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a complex molecular structure present in all living things. It is an integral part of all organisms as it determines their heredity, development and growth. It consists of two nucleotides, also called polynucleotides. These polynucleotides bind together to form a twisted strand called a double helix. DNA contains the genetic instructions for the development and reproduction of some organisms and viruses. DNA is known to be composed of sugars and phosphates. This DNA composition is called the sugar-phosphate backbone. DNA also plays a fundamental role in modern technologies, including genetic engineering, bioinformatics, DNA nanotechnology, and more. For more information about DNA Full Form, students are recommended to visit the Extramarks website.

Functions Of DNA

  • DNA is referred to as the garage unit of genetic records that performs a crucial role in storing all organic records of an organism
  • DNA is responsible for transmitting trends from parents to offspring
  • DNA is responsible for the regeneration of cell and protein production
  • DNA is called the structural unit of the chromosome
  • DNA acts because the unit of communication, imparting cells with records and commands for his or her right functioning.

All other information on DNA Full Form is available on Extramarks.

Application Of DNA

DNA is the storage unit of genetic information that is an integral part of all living things. It consists of several features that are useful in modern technology. Students can access information on DNA Full Form on Extramarks.

Uses of DNA In Science Include:

Genetic Engineering: Polymer technology which is a form of biotechnology is the study of recombination or replication of Deoxyribonucleic Acid structures to create new DNA sequences referred to as recombinant DNA. Recombinant DNA technology is employed not solely within the field of medical analysis, but additionally within the production of recombinant proteins and agricultural merchandise.

Bioinformatics: Bioinformatics is the branch of Science that studies supermolecule evolution and performance. To work out mutations, 2 aligned Deoxyribonucleic Acid sequences area unit known for every homologous sequence gift. Bioinformatics is additionally applied to data processing, machine learning, information theory, string search algorithms, and more.

Phylogeny: DNA plays an important role in the field of phylogeny. A DNA structure is a storage unit of genetic information that can be used to gather historical information about a particular organism. DNA Full Form is available on the Extramarks website.

Profiling: DNA profiling is primarily used by forensic scientists to identify individuals. DNA profiling compares an individual’s blood, skin, saliva, hair, etc. to determine their identity. DNA , the key building blocks of all organisms and viruses, directs their development, growth, function, and trait identity. The basic structure of DNA is a double helix containing hydrogen-bonded nitrogen bases encapsulated in a sugar-phosphate backbone.

Nitrogenous bases are divided into two groups: pyrimidines, which contain cytosines and thymines, and purines, which contain adenines and guanines. DNA playd an important role in technology and development. Interesting facts about DNA

  • 98-99% of people have similar DNA.
  • The actual size of the DNA in humans is 3 meters (total length). For other materials related to DNA Full Form, students can check the Extramarks website.
  • Identical twins are twins that share a significant amount of similar DNA
  • Each individual has about 20,000 to 25,000 genes. Genes make up only about 1-2% of total DNA. A total of 5 types of nitrogenous bases constitute DNA.

For more information about DNA Full Form, students can visit Extramarks which offers reference materials for DNA Full Form and other related materials.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the full form of DAP?

The full form of DAP is -Diamine phosphate.

2. What is the full form of HIV?

The full form of HIV is Human Immunodeficiency Virus.