ISRO Full Form – Detailed Information about ISRO
Students might wonder; What Is The Full Form Of ISRO? ISRO is also known as the Indian Space Research Organisation, and it is the national space research organisation of India, as suggested by the name. The chairman of ISRO, or the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO Full Form) works also as the executive of the Department of Space of India, while the Prime Minister of India directly oversees the work of the Department of Space.
What is the full form of ISRO?
The Full Form Of ISRO is the Indian Space Research Organisation. ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation, ISRO Full Form) is one of only six national space agencies in the world with full launch capability, cryogenic engine deployment, extraterrestrial mission launching, and huge fleets of man-made satellite operations.
History of ISRO
The Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was set up by the government under Jawahar Lal Nehru. This committee was set up under the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) at the recommendation of the scientist Vikram Sarabhai, who recognised the need for space research in India. This committee, namely the National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR), grew and became ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation, ISRO Full Form) in 1969. The Indian government established a Space Commission and Department Of Space in 1972, placing ISRO under its authority. ISRO or Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO Full Form) has since been managed by the Department of Space. Establishing ISRO or the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO Full Form) has thus institutionalised space research activities in India.
Goals and Objectives of ISRO
ISRO or the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO Full Form) is set up by the government for space-based applications like communication, reconnaissance, and any space-related research. ISRO or the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO Full Form) undertakes the responsibility of designing and developing space rockets. ISRO or the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO Full Form) also designs and develops satellites, conducts deep space exploration missions, etc.
Operation Centres of ISRO
ISRO or Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO Full Form) has six research facilities at the moment. The research facilities are named and located as follows:
- Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, located in Thiruvananthapuram.
- Liquid Propulsion Systems Centre, located in Thiruvananthapuram and Bengaluru.
- Physical Research Laboratory, located in Ahmedabad.
- National Atmospheric Research Laboratory, located in Tirupati.
- Space Applications Centre, located in Ahmedabad.
- North-Eastern Space Applications Centre, located in Shillong.
ISRO, or Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO Full Form), has a test facility in Mahendragiri called the ISRO Propulsion Complex. ISRO, or Indian Space Research Organisation, also has construction and launch facilities in various locations, such as the following:
- U. R. Rao Satellite Centre, the venue of eight successful spacecraft projects, is located in Bangalore.
- The Laboratory for Electro-Optics Systems, responsible for the development of altitude sensors for all satellites, is also located in Bangalore.
- The Satish Dhawan Space Centre acts as a launch site for India’s satellites and is also the main launch base for India, which is located in Sriharikota.
- The Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station used to launch sounding rockets is located in Thiruvananthapuram.
Achievements And Plans
The Soviet Union launched the first satellite made by ISRO, Aryabhata, in 1975. With the 1980 launch of the satellite RS-1 by ISRO aboard its own SLV-3, India became the seventh nation with an orbital launch capability. SLV-3 was followed by ASLV, which was then succeeded by the creation of numerous medium-lift launch vehicles, rocket engines, satellite systems, and networks that allowed the agency to launch numerous deep space missions for space exploration in addition to hundreds of domestic and foreign satellites.
The GAGAN and NAVIC satellite navigation systems are run by ISRO, which also boasts the largest constellation of remote-sensing satellites in the world. ISRO, or the Indian Space Research Organisation, has launched one mission to Mars and two to the Moon.
The ISRO’s initiatives have contributed significantly to India’s socio-economic development and have aided both the military and civilian sectors in a number of areas, such as disaster management, telemedicine, navigation, and reconnaissance missions. The technical and medical sectors of India have greatly benefited from ISRO’s spin-off technology.
The deployment of more space telescopes in orbit to observe celestial phenomena and space beyond the Solar System is one of the objectives for the near future, along with the expansion of the satellite fleet, the lunar rover mission, human space flight, the development of a semi-cryogenic engine, and more unmanned missions to the Moon, Mars, Venus, and the Sun. Long-term goals include the creation of reusable launchers, heavy and super heavy launch vehicles, the installation of a space station, the dispatch of manned missions to moons and planets, as well as exploratory trips to outer planets like Jupiter, Uranus, and Neptune.