SGOT Full Form

SGOT Full Form

One of the two liver enzymes is SGOT (Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase), also known as Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST). It is a protein produced by liver cells. When the liver cells are damaged, AST leaks into the bloodstream and raises the level of AST in the blood. It can be found in organs such as the kidneys, heart, brain, and heart, but not the liver.

The AST level is not as useful for checking the liver as the ALT level. Many patients with hepatitis C can have normal AST levels. Patients with normal AST levels can also have severe liver disease or cirrhosis. In a healthy human body, SGOT Full Form levels are low. The normal level of SGOT Full Form in the blood is 5 to 40 units per litre of serum. A high level of SGOT Full Form indicates that the liver is being harmed, as well as other organs.

What is the full form of the SGOT?

Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase, or SGOT Full Form, is an enzyme found in the liver, heart, and, to a lesser extent, the kidney and muscles.

Aspartate Aminotransferase, abbreviated as AST, is another name for SGOT. Transaminase is another name for Aminotransferase. The SGOT Full Form test is most effective in detecting liver damage caused by hepatitis, drugs that are toxic to the liver, cirrhosis, and alcoholism. In a healthy person, the level of SGOT Full Form in the blood is low; when liver or muscle cells are injured, SGOT is released into the blood; and the enzyme level rises when there is underlying liver damage. Furthermore, certain medications can cause an increase in the enzyme level.

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Why does an individual need to go for the SGOT test?

The SGOT Full Form test is primarily used by specialists to detect and evaluate liver problems. The SGOT protein is primarily produced in the liver. SGOT Full Form can leak from the liver into the circulatory system if the liver is damaged or sick. When this happens, the levels in the blood will be higher than usual.

If a person has heart or kidney issues, his or her SGOT Full Form levels may be abnormally high. To rule out these possibilities, specialists frequently request a simultaneous check of the second liver protein, ALT. If both levels are elevated, it indicates a problem with the individual’s liver. If only SGOT Full Form levels are elevated, this may indicate a problem with another organ or system.

Specialists typically request the test if they suspect an individual may have any of the following conditions:



  1. Alcohol Abuse Causes Liver Damage
  2. Drugs Can Cause Liver Damage


The SGOT Full Form test is extremely straightforward, and it should be comparable to any other blood test. An expert will place the person in a chair and wrap a flexible band around their arm.

The expert will then examine the arm for a suitable vein. Following the discovery of the vein, they will clean the area with a liquor swab.

The specialist will then insert a small needle into the vein and draw blood. The draw will only take a few minutes.

When a vial is full of blood, the specialist will remove the needle and instruct the patient to hold a bandage against the site of the addition. The expert will remove the flexible band and secure the cloth with clinical tape.

How to Prepare for the SGOT Test:

The SGOT Full Form test is similar to a routine blood test. It is technically possible to do so without any special preparation. Despite this, there are a few steps individuals can take to make the process much easier than it was previously. It is recommended that they avoid taking any over-the-counter medications for at least two days before the test. Individuals  should always inform their doctor about any medications they are taking prior to the test so that the doctor can take them into account before reading the results. They are advised to drink plenty of water the night before their SGOT test because staying hydrated makes blood collection easier.

Because the SGOT Full Form test is straightforward, no exceptional planning is required. However, an individual can find a way to ensure that the test goes smoothly.

Avoid taking over-the-counter medications, including pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen, for two days before the SGOT Full Form test. If the test is performed without notice, an individual should notify their PCP that they have recently taken control of the over-the-counter drugs.

Before any blood test, stay hydrated. Drinking plenty of water before the test can make drawing blood easier.

Wear a baggy or casual shirt to make accessing the veins in the elbow easier.

High-Level of SGOT

A high SGOT level in the blood indicates that any organ has been damaged. If the liver is sick, it will start blending Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase in the circulation system. The increased level of AST will inform specialists about the damaged liver. Otherwise, if the kidney is damaged, it will release AST into the blood.

The liver produces SGOT. If the liver is not taken care of, it will continue to discharge this compound. As a result, a higher level of SGOT indicates a damaged liver, which is a serious medical issue.

The Side effect of SGOT test

The following are some of the side effects of the SGOT test:

A person may experience bleeding problems.

Infections can also affect a person.

Blood can accumulate beneath the skin.

Bruising is also noticeable.

Some people can experience dizziness or fainting.

The SGOT test is associated with only a few risks. Individuals should stay well hydrated before the test to avoid fainting. If they feel dizzy or faint, follow the procedures that the technicians will instruct them on. They usually tell people to stay calm and sit down until they feel better. They will also ask them to drink plenty of water, which will help the individual feel better.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the full form of SGOT?

The Full Form of SGOT is  Serum Glutamic Oxaloacetic Transaminase.

2. What are some of the side effects of SGOT?

Some of the side effects of getting a SGOT test are: bruises, dizziness, fainting, etc.

3. What does a high level of SGOT indicate?

A high level of SGOT indicates that an organ in the body is damaged.