NCERT Books Class 11 History Themes In World History

NCERT Book Class 11 History Theme in World History

NCERT is committed to offering educational resources of the highest possible standard to students enrolled in CBSE-affiliated schools. Additionally, it is the responsibility of NCERT to establish the academic curriculum that students follow from Class 1 to Class 12. The students taking classes in the English medium or the Hindi medium at CBSE use this curriculum.

Regarding the educational resources made available by NCERT, the textbooks in question are of an exceptionally high standard and are now on the market. These NCERT textbooks are without a doubt, the texts that all students should consult first. These books are the most influential texts for exam preparation, whether studying for the CBSE board examination, a class examination, or any entrance examination (including NEET, UPSC, JEE, and others). In addition to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE), many state boards in India (such as the Maharashtra board and the Madhya Pradesh board, among others) have recently begun advising their students to read these particular novels.

If you are a student in Class 11 and you do not have a physical copy of the History textbook, you may get it through the Extramarks website and download it to your computer. A PDF version of the NCERT World History Book for Class 11 can be found online. Anyone needing the NCERT Class 11 history textbook may refer to the soft copy according to their convenience, including not only the students but also the instructors, the parents and anyone else in need of the textbook. These NCERT BOOKS have been written per the requirements and stipulations of the CBSE curriculum.

Highly qualified educators authored these books with years of classroom experience. Students will find the material more fascinating and encouraging if it is presented straightforwardly and includes illustrations and diagrams.

NCERT Books for Class 11

NCERT Books for CBSE Class 11 History Theme in World History

Students should use NCERT books to have all their questions about the subjects answered, as well as to get a distinct understanding of the material covered in the subject area. When studying history, the most important things are to remember the order in which events occurred and to keep that material in your head until the very end of the exam. Students may readily take note of significant events and the dates that connect to them while using the NCERT Book of Class 11 History since it is presented in a collected manner. When one employs the appropriate approach, reaching one’s goals in terms of score is not difficult.

Before digging further into the subject, the prospective students were helped in grasping the fundamentals of the material covered by the examination of the book, which was developed with the best interests of the applicants in mind. Including all of the most critical issues from around the globe lends a fascinating dimension to History Class 11. Below is a list of the significant subjects that are covered in the textbook:

Theme 1: From the Beginning of Time

Students may learn about the beginning of human history by reading this chapter from the PDF version of the history book for class 11. In the first part of the lesson, students will learn about the many stages of development the human race has gone through. There are also several periods within the stone age, including the Palaeolithic, Mesolithic and Neolithic revolutions. Students will even understand numerous elements of early people’s life, such as the need for food and shelter, the cultivation of crops and the domestication of animals. Paintings, the evolution of language, and the creation of stone tools are some of the cultural aspects detailed in considerable depth.

This chapter will also cover the sources, such as fossils, stone tools and bones, from which these data of early human cultures have been acquired.

Theme 2: Writing and City Life

This topic focuses on the ancient Mesopotamian Civilisation, which reached its peak of development around 5000 BCE. This civilisation is referred to by various names, including Sumerian, Babylonian, Assyrian and Akkadian. This chapter focuses on two of the most prominent characteristics of the Mesopotamian civilisation: the first is that it was famous for its affluence and city life, and the second is that it produced a vast amount of literature, particularly in the fields of mathematics and astronomy.

Mesopotamia’s literary tradition and writing system eventually made their way to various regions of the globe, including the Mediterranean, Northern Syria and Turkey. This chapter investigates the origins of writing in Mesopotamia and the cuneiform writing system used at the time.

Theme 3: An Empire Across Three Continents

Students will learn about the Roman Empire, which spanned three continents and included territories in Europe, West Asia and North Africa during this chapter. Roman and Greek were recognised as the two official languages of this empire. This empire may be broken down into two distinct periods: the early empire and the late antiquity eras.

Augustus, who reigned from 27 BCE to 14 CE is credited as the founder of the Roman empire. He ended decades of internal warfare and military rule, and he also made steps that helped Rome flourish in the fields of art and finance during this period. The succeeding rulers of the Roman Empire after Augustus are covered in more depth in the next chapter.

Theme 4: The Central Islamic Islands

This topic delves more into the origins of the Islamic community, which began to take shape on the Arabian Peninsula roughly 1,400 years ago. This chapter also discusses the beginnings of Islam and its spread from Egypt to Afghanistan, which served as the central region for developing Islamic civilisation between 600 and 1200.

A wide array of sources, including chronicles (tawarikh), biographies (sira), records of sayings and deeds of the prophet (hadith), and comments on the Quaran, were used to compile the history of Islam (Tafsir). The book provides more information for the students to read about this topic.

Theme 5: Nomadic Empires

Students will learn about yet another tribe of nomads, this time the Mongols who lived in South Asia, as this chapter’s topic of study. In the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries, under the leadership of Genghis Khan, these people established a transcontinental empire that expanded across the world.

In this chapter, students will investigate how the Mongols, under the leadership of Genghis Khan, altered their cultural, social, and political norms to construct a highly complex system of governance and a terrifying military force.

The next part of the chapter delves into a discussion of other significant components of the Mongolian empire, such as its military organisation, commerce and communication networks, political organisations, and the legal system they adhered to.

Theme 6: The Three Orders

In this chapter, students will acquire knowledge of feudalism. It references the economic, legal, and political climate that prevailed throughout that time. It originated in France during the Middle Ages and then spread to other regions of Europe.

In this chapter, we talk about the notion of the Three Orders, which was something that French priests believed. During that period, from the 9th to the 16th century, it caused a rift in western culture. The clergy, the nobles and the peasants are the three orders that make up this group.

Theme 7: Confrontation of Cultures

The interactions between Europeans and people from the Americas are analysed through the lens of this subject. During this period, certain Europeans, such as the Spanish and the Portuguese, set sail across the ocean in search of new territories and sources of spices and silver. These explorations took place in the Atlantic Ocean.

The Class 11 History book PDF analyses the economies and the characteristics, social life and religions of these native American nations in depth.

Theme 8: The Industrial Revolution

The term “industrial revolution” refers to the phenomena that occurred when substantial changes first started taking place in the realm of industry, which happened as a direct result of the availability of machines and other better methods of producing technology. European intellectuals – George Michelet in France and Friedrich Engels- initially used the word. The term was used in English by economist and philosopher Arnold Toynbee when referring to the economic progress that took place in England between 1780 and 1820. He was speaking about the time between 1780 and 1820.

Many factors contributed to Britain being the birthplace of the industrial revolution. It has been politically stable since the 17th century. Additionally, it was united under a monarchy, which meant that there were universal rules, a common currency and a market that was not divided. These arguments will be discussed more deeply in the PDF textbook for history class 11. Students will get an understanding of the negative consequences of the industrial revolution.

Theme 10: Displacing Indigenous Peoples

In this chapter, students will study the history of the Americas and Australia’s aboriginal people and what happened to them when the Europeans began colonising their territory.

The Indians of America maintained a primitive lifestyle and practised a subsistence economy. To have a friendly relationship with Europeans, they trade items with them. However, Europeans’ greed damaged their lifestyle in numerous ways and forced them out of their country, which will be covered more in the Class 11 History book PDF.

Theme 11: Paths to Modernisation 

This chapter examines how China and Japan have changed through time to adapt to the more contemporary and unpredictable environment. China was the dominant power in all East Asia at the start of the 19th century, while Japan was still a relatively small island nation.

The circumstance of these two nations, nevertheless, witnessed a total transformation within a span of a few decades. For Japan to develop into a modern nation-state, it first had to establish a dependable industrial economy and colonise Taiwan and Korea. It even attacked China in 1894 and Russia in 1905. On the other hand, China lagged in adapting to the shifting trends of the times. A civil war was a direct result of the imperial government’s loss of political power and inability to implement appropriate reforms.

These themes are broken down into finer points by this overarching topic.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. What is the Class 11 NCERT History Marking Scheme?

Section A accounts for 14 marks. The combined marks for sections B and C is 19, while section D carries marks of 23. The students will also have to do map work as a component of the history exam, worth 5 marks. Each mark on the history project is worth 20 marks.

2. What method of studying history works the best?

The most effective method for studying history and understanding it is understanding the connections between the various events. Additionally, one should consider the chronology and note significant dates and happenings. Because of this, they will have an easier time remembering the events in a sequential order, which will help them retain the information. When students have finished a chapter, they should write down all of the significant points in their notebooks according to the dates of the occurrences. This will ensure that their learning strategy is organised in chronological order.

3. What methods and techniques do historians use?

In the History book PDF for Class 11, students will discover that to understand facts and evidence, historians draw from various primary and secondary sources. Artefacts, manuscripts, inscriptions and coins from the period are the primary information sources. In addition to this, they refer to the works of earlier historians. Oral history is another method used while learning about other cultures and traditions. The acquired data are then compared and analysed by historians with the material that was already available to conclude about the history of a nation or era in the past that is very genuine.

4. What queries do historians raise when they research the past?

Questions of many types allow historians to better understand and evaluate past events and trends. For instance, when they come across a piece of historical knowledge, they question why it transpired in the manner it did, which elements were accountable for it, how it impacted the people and so on.

5. What are the advantages of using sample papers for Class 11 History?

Sample papers are helpful for two reasons: first, they help students in resolving any questions or concerns they may have regarding the topic at hand; second, they allow students to more easily understand the structure of the question paper they will likely be asked to complete during the examination. Because of this, they will have an easier time understanding the structure of the answer writing and becoming acclimated to it. Candidates will find this procedure to be considerably less challenging because of Extramarks.

6. How can studying NCERT History help you prepare for Class 11 exams?

Students who use NCERT books can do the required coursework promptly. Students can easily take important notes on the chapter’s highlights since the writing style is clear and easy to understand. The history textbook for class 11 also helps students be ready for the history exam they will take in class 12 and gives them the self-assurance they need to do well on that exam. This book caters to students since it summarises all the most important questions after each chapter. Students will find this book very helpful.

7. Why should students of Class 11 History use Extramarks?

Students may improve their education via the use of Extramarks, which is an online learning platform. It consolidates all of the academic resources into a single location. Students also benefit from one-on-one conversations with professionals in their fields of study. Due to this, they can have their questions answered and learn more about the topic. They provide the students with many different example papers to work on until they are through with the topic. Students find this to be a handy tool for analysing the structure of the issue and beginning their preparations per that analysis. Students are allowed to improve their chances of passing an examination by having the answers to the sample papers written by subject matter specialists.

8. Where to get the answers to the questions for History Class 11?

Students may access the solutions for the History Book of Class 11 by going to the official website of NCERT. Not only will they be able to obtain a PDF containing all of the solutions, but they will also have an easier time understanding the method behind composing answers. The students will also get a chronological and chronologically ordered list of events, helping them in recalling. These answers have been developed by professionals and will be of great use to you in your History study.

9. Is this book available to students who are attending classes in Hindi?

Yes, it is available. Downloadable versions of this book are available on the Extramarks website for students studying in the Hindi medium. It is accessible in a PDF format and provides an option for free download. Extramarks values the effort its knowledgeable history instructors put in preparing the material found in this book and expresses its appreciation for their efforts. They have a lot of studies to conduct to get the information down in a language the students can understand.